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From global think tanks – July 8, 2022

AROUND THE WORLD

Australia

Cameroon

  • July 8, 2022. By HRW.  Cameroon’s announcement of the opening of an investigation into the killing of nine people in Missong village, North-West region, on June 1, 2022 is an important first step in ensuring accountability around the alleged murder of civilians by government forces, Human Rights Watch said today. Cameroon: Military Killings Inquiry A Positive Step

China

  • July 8, 2022. By Rosemary Foot, East Asia Forum. The first visit to China in 17 years by a United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights has angered many, perplexed some and pleased Beijing. The dismay derives from several factors — expectations generated in the past by the High Commissioner herself, the visit’s agreed terms of reference, the outcomes produced and the tenor of her remarks during the final press conference. The UN High Commissioner’s contentious visit to China

China – Pacific

France – Australia

  • July 7, 2022. By Charles Edel, Pierre Morcos, CSIS. “Australia’s relationship with France matters. Trust, respect and honesty matters. That is how I will approach our relations.” In a highly anticipated visit to Paris on July 1, newly elected Australian prime minister Anthony Albanese sent a clear message to his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron: Australia wants to repair and reset its relations with France. In a joint statement released on the same day, both leaders committed to “building a closer and stronger relationship” on the basis of a “new agenda for cooperation.”. Time to Reboot Franco-Australian Relations

India – Bangladesh

Lebanon

  • July 8, 2022. By Alexander King, RUSI. Lebanon has never been in a worse state outside wartime. Historically unstable by imperial design, its region is now rocked by the same waves of strategic competition, destabilisation and malign influence as the rest of the developing world. But Lebanon stands out. Lebanon: Collapse, Uncertainty, Rejuvenation – or the Next Big War?

Pacific

  • July 7, 2022. By Essam Yassin Mohammed, The Interpreter. Across the island states of the Pacific, indigenous food systems have been shaped and refined over centuries to make the most of bountiful natural resources without exhausting them. The exchange of fish and crops is the heartbeat of the Melanesian food system and is deeply embedded in the history, culture, and identity of its people. Support Pacific neighbours by strengthening indigenous food systems

Russia – Arctic

  • July 7, 2022. By Paul Globe, The Jamestown Foundation. Spitzbergen, the largest and only continually inhabited island of the Svalbard Archipelago, located in the Arctic Ocean, 1,000 kilometers north of Norway, is on its way to becoming a new hotspot in the emerging cold war between the Russian Federation and the West (Nrk.no June 28; Ekho Rossii, June 29). For decades, this Norwegian territory’s legal position has been anything but simple. Yet the latest flare-up stems from Norway’s imposition of Western sanctions on Moscow in response to the war in Ukraine and Moscow’s propensity to view this action as part of a larger Western effort to ostensibly humiliate Russia and exclude it from the Arctic more generally. The current conflict began when Norway announced, at the end of April, that it would block goods from Russia to the Russian communities in Spitzbergen. It intensified at the end of June, when that policy began to bite and Russian officials and politicians took notice. And it may come to a head as soon as August, when, according to Russian officials, the 500 Russian citizens living in Spitzbergen will run out of supplies—an event that some in Moscow say would constitute a humanitarian disaster and justify an intervention to save their co-nationals. Spitzbergen: A New Hotspot in the Cold North Between Russia and the West

Russia – Ukraine

  • July 7, 2022. By Pavel Luzin, The Jamestown Foundation. After more than four months of Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, open-source data confirms that the Russian Armed Forces lost, at a minimum, over 830 tanks and 1,650 different types of armored vehicles (destroyed, damaged, abandoned or captured) as well as dozens of combat aircraft and helicopters and many other pieces of military equipment (Oryxspioenkop.com, accessed July 6). This data also does not count damaged but survived weapons systems that Russian troops were able to haul back to their bases; those systems will need a full overhaul before returning to the battlefield. Another issue Russia faces in Ukraine is a looming deficit in artillery munitions, which will become almost inevitable by the end of 2022. Indeed, the Russian reliance on mass artillery shelling raises questions about the amount of ammunition Russia still has in storage or that will need to be replaced. All these difficulties will take several years to solve, even under favorable economic circumstances. Challenges to Russian Arms Resupply: Tanks, Combat Aviation, Artillery Ammunition
  • July 7, 2022. By Karolina Hird, Kateryna Stepanenko, Grace Mappes, and Frederick W. Kagan, ISW. Russian Defense Ministry Spokesperson Igor Konashenkov announced on July 7 that Russian forces in Ukraine are pausing to rest and regain their combat capabilities, confirming ISW’s assessment that Russian forces have initiated an operational pause. Konashenkov did not specify the intended length of Russian forces’ operational pause. As ISW previously assessed, Russian forces have not ceased active hostilities during this operational pause and are unlikely to do so. Russian forces still conducted limited ground offensives and air, artillery, and missile strikes across all axes on July 7. Russian forces will likely continue to confine themselves to small-scale offensive actions as they rebuild forces and set conditions for a more significant offensive in the coming weeks or months. Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, July 7

UK

  • July 7, 2022. By Atlantic Council. Boris Johnson announced on Thursday that he would leave his post as prime minister of the United Kingdom as soon as a replacement from within the Conservative Party is selected, after a series of scandals resulted in a revolt from within his administration. So what happens now to the “Global Britain” that Johnson was trying to build? We reached out to our experts to gauge the reaction in foreign capitals to the drama in Westminster, and what the future might hold for the United Kingdom. Experts react: Boris Johnson is resigning. What’s next for the United Kingdom on the world stage?

USA

  • July 7, 2022. By Cameron F. Kerry, Brookings. The Supreme Court’s Dobbs decision overruling Roe v. Wade has raised unsettling questions about the status of the Court’s right to privacy jurisprudence. On a more immediate level, though, the decision has also triggered deep concern about its impact on the information privacy of women who have abortions while living in states that ban abortion, as well as others who help them, promote travel to other states, or sell abortion medications. How comprehensive privacy legislation can guard reproductive privacy

USA – Arctic

  • July 7, 2022. By Evan T. Bloom and Jeremy Greenwood, Brookings. The United States has important entitlements to a wide swath of undersea territory in the Arctic and other regions that is rich in oil, natural gas, minerals, and sea life in an area known as the “extended continental shelf” (ECS). These unique maritime geographic features are defined and codified in international law and establishing rights will extend the United States’ subsea maritime reach well beyond the 200 nautical miles of the continental shelf to which all coastal states are entitled. Securing US territorial rights in the Arctic: New actions to protect America’s continental shelf

USA – Mexico – Canada

TOPICS

Cities

  • July 8, 2022. By Mike Butcher, TechCrunch. One of the stunning facts that’s emerged over the last few years – especially as VCs and startups have turned their attention towards the climate crisis – is that our cities produce an enormous amount of CO2: in fact, buildings are responsible for around 40% of global CO2 emissions. But of course, the problem is that cities are unlikely to stop building, and growiing. This startup hopes to get us to Net Zero via its platform to construct wooden buildings
  • July 6, 2022. By Willow Fortunoff, Atlantic Council. Last month at the Ninth Summit of the Americas, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken announced that the United States will host a Cities Summit of the Americas in Denver, Colorado in April 2023. Blinken also launched the Cities Forward Initiative, a knowledge-sharing and capacity-building program that connects cities so that they can work together to tackle issues like sustainability and climate resilience. Mayors are quickly becoming international diplomats. The US can help them thrive. – Atlantic Council

Cybersecurity, Propaganda, Disinformation

Defense, Military, Space

  • July 8, 2022. By Rebeccah L Heinrichs and Timothy Walton, RUSI. Increasing provocations from Moscow in response to Lithuania’s decision to enforce sanctions on goods transiting its territory need to be dealt with strongly by the Alliance. NATO Must Back Lithuania Against Russian Coercion
  • July 7, 2022. By Vladimir Socor, The Jamestown Foundation. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO) new Strategic Concept, approved at the summit just held in Madrid, strongly emphasizes Russia’s multidimensional threats to the Alliance. By way of response, the Concept singles out the task of deterrence and defense from among the Alliance’s core tasks (see EDM, July 6). Yet the Concept barely glances at another core task, that of crisis management, pertinent in this case to NATO’s Eastern neighborhood. NATO’s New Strategic Concept Gives Short Shrift to Eastern Neighborhood

Digital & Tech

  • July 8, 2022. By Lorenzo Forlani, CORCOM. È partita la fase di consultazione pubblica, sul sito del dipartimento delle Finanze, dello schema di decreto legislativo che recepisce le modifiche apportate dalla direttiva Ue 2021/514, in tema di cooperazione e scambio automatico di informazioni tra Stati e tra gestori di piattaforme digitali e amministrazioni. Lo ricorda FiscoOggi, rivista dell’Agenzia delle Entrate. Piattaforme online, al via la consultazione sullo scambio dati in Ue
  • July 8, 2022. By Lorenzo Forlani, CORCOM. Un momento pieno di opportunità per le startup italiane e gli incubatori, grazie in particolare a due iniziative. Sono aperte infatti le candidature per l’EY Startup Academy, il programma di formazione e accelerazione delle startup italiane ideato da EY, in collaborazione con Microsoft Italia, per favorire lo sviluppo dell’innovazione imprenditoriale. EY Startup Academy è un programma di 5 settimane in cui, alle giovani imprese innovative selezionate, sarà offerta l’opportunità unica di sviluppare e accelerare i propri modelli di business e le proprie competenze attraverso il supporto e i consigli degli esperti di EY e Microsoft Italia. Startup, fra contest e academy l’Italia spinge l’acceleratore
  • July 8, 2022. By Lorenzo Forlani, CORCOM. Sviluppo del capitale umano attraverso l’acquisizione di competenze e know how, innovazione, R&D: sembrano esser soprattutto queste le priorità gestionali delle imprese del settoreAutomotive in Italia, nel quale più di 7 aziende su 10 (72%) stanno investendo nel potenziamento tecnologico 4.0 dei propri asset e in attività di pianificazione strategica pluriennale che, a fronte delle continue evoluzioni del contesto esterno, consentano di mantenere una vision e un percorso di sviluppo coerente nel lungo periodo. Competenze digitali driver di rilancio dell’automotive italiano
  • July 8, 2022. By Veronica Balocco, CORCOM. La pandemia ha generato l’aumento della diffusione di sistemi software e hardware, ma il nostro Paese resta terzultimo nella Ue e ultimo nell’indicatore più restrittivo sull’uso attivo dei servizi, con il 23% di utenti contro il 44% della media europea. PA digitale, spinta alla dotazione tecnologica. Ma sul fronte servizi l’Italia arranca
  • July 8, 2022. By Federica Meta, CORCOM. La direttrice della Digital Library presenta il progetto di digitalizzazione del patrimonio culturale: “Infrastruttura tecnologica di dati e investimento sulle competenze le azioni chiave”. Un cloud per la cultura italiana, via al piano. Moro: “Accesso democratico a tutti”
  • July 8, 2022. By CORCOM. I Garanti europei avranno un mese di tempo per eventuali obiezioni. Secondo quanto risulta a CorCom la bozza del provvedimento della Commissione Dpc è già sul tavolo dell’Autorità italiana. Riflettori sull’uso di Facebook e Instagram, resterebbe fuori Whatsapp. Meta, il trasferimento dati verso gli Usa nel mirino dell’Irlanda
  • July 8, 2022. By Giovambattista Ianni, Agenda Digitale. I videogiochi possono essere per l’IA quello che la drosophila è stata per la ricerca genetica: la chiave per capire in piccolo sistemi più complessi. Come si incrociano videogiochi e AI, le differenze tra IA usabile, simbolica e subsimbolica, le sfide aperte. Videogames, così spingono la ricerca nell’intelligenza artificiale
  • July 8, 2022. By Antonio Frisoli, Agenda Digitale. La Cina mantiene una posizione dominante nella robotica mondiale: l’isolamento da pandemia ha favorito la sostituzione dei robot euro-giapponesi per la domanda interna. Pesano le incertezze su aumento materie prime e relazioni con USA. Crescono robot collaborativi, per la gestione del magazzino e la visione 3D. I dettagli. La robotica vista dalla Cina: le tendenze principali e cosa aspettarsi in futuro
  • July 8, 2022. By Luigi Mischitelli, Agenda Digitale. Autopilot dal 2015, Super Cruise dal 2017 e BlueCruise dal 2021: i sistemi a guida autonoma sono presenti da anni sulle strade statunitensi ma i dati pubblici sulla sicurezza sono ancora scarsi. I dettagli e perché averli potrebbe non bastare. Autopilot e sistemi a guida autonoma, sulla sicurezza non ci siamo: ecco i problemi
  • July 8, 2022. By Niccolò Lasorsa Borgomaneri, Marco Signorelli, Agenda Digitale. Sono 29 i soggetti che finora si sono iscritti al registro ufficiale degli operatori di criptovaluta. I motivi alla base dell’istituzione dello strumento, chi si è registrato e perché, le ragioni di favorevoli e contrari. Registro operatori criptovalute: chi sono gli iscritti, controlli e sanzioni
  • July 8, 2022. By Nicola Ruggiero, Agenda Digitale. Finora la tecnologia blockchain ha permesso a una vecchia élite di trasferirsi dalla finanza tradizionale a quella delle crypto, Bitcoin in testa. Ma gli stessi algoritmi sono stati utilizzati da due scienziati per scoprire cosa si nasconde dietro un’idea di decentramento più retorica che sostanziale. Bitcoin, quanto possiamo fidarci? Ecco cosa c’è sotto il velo dell’anonimato
  • July 8, 2022. By Michele Vittorio Ardoni, Agenda Digitale. La ritirata di Gorillas dai Paesi meno performanti, tra i quali l’Italia, non sarà forse la fine del q-commerce, ma di sicuro qualcosa ci dice sulla solidità del tessuto distributivo italiano e della capillarità dei suoi supermercati di quartiere e sulla necessità che queste startup cambino modello di business. Perché Gorillas chiude in Italia: quale lezione per il “quick commerce”
  • July 8, 2022. By Anna Cataleta, Agenda Digitale. Sono molti e importanti i temi toccati dal Presidente dell’Autorità garante per la protezione dati personali, Pasquale Stanzione nel corso della presentazione della Relazione annuale 2022, sull’attività svolta nel 2021. Garante Privacy, Relazione 2022: le minacce alla nostra civiltà digitale passano dai dati
  • July 8, 2022. By Christine Hall, TechCrunch. DEUNA, a Mexico-based one-click checkout commerce startup, is officially joining Latin America’s nearly $100 billion e-commerce sector with $30 million in Series A funding after largely staying under the radar since being founded in late 2020. DEUNA enters Latin America’s crowded one-click checkout sector flush with $37M
  • July 8, 2022. By Kirsten Korosec, TechCrunch. Argo AI, the autonomous vehicle technology startup backed by Ford and Volkswagen, has laid off about 150 people and slowed the pace of hiring, making it the latest tech company to reduce its workforce as recession fears grow. Ford, VW-backed Argo AI lays off 150 workers, slows hiring
  • July 8, 2022. By Taylor Hatmaker, TechCrunch. According to a new report from The Washington Post that relies heavily on anonymous sources, the world’s richest man is still looking for a way out of a $44 billion deal of his own making. It sounds like Elon Musk is still trying to get out of his own Twitter deal
  • July 8, 2022. By Pindar Wong, East Asia Forum. Manufacturers in East Asia now have the option to settle trade under three major trade frameworks: the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) and the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework. Will they continue to use the US dollar as the de facto unit of account for financial settlements, or will they choose cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, or Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs) such as China’s e-CNY? Integrating online and offline settlement under regional trade agreements
  • July 7, 2022. By Yoonee Jeong, East Asia Forum. The Asia Pacific is both hyper-connected and under-connected. While the region hosts leaders in 5G and fibre rollouts, many developing countries are either largely offline or suffer from unaffordable and unreliable digital services. Closing the digital divide was never more critical than during the COVID-19 pandemic, where populations without broadband access have suffered disproportionately and fallen further behind in education, health and other socio-economic outcomes. Bridging the digital divide
  • July 7, 2022. By Sujai Shivakumar, Charles Wessner, Thomas Howell, CSIS. On May 15 to 16, the U.S.-EU Trade and Technology Council (TTC), a multifaceted bilateral working group formed in 2021 to promote joint development of democracy and market-oriented approaches to technology and innovation, convened its second meeting in Paris. Following the TTC meeting, the two sides announced plans to develop “a transatlantic approach to semiconductor investment aimed at ensuring security of supply and avoiding subsidy races.” The parties released a detailed protocol for joint efforts to identify vulnerabilities in the semiconductor value chain, create a monitoring and early warning system to alert each other on looming shortages, and implement subsidy and incentives policies that are transparent and conform to WTO subsidy disciplines. Opportunities and Pitfalls for U.S.-EU Collaboration on Semiconductor Value Chain Resilience
  • July 7, 2022. By Zach Brown and Alexander MacKay, Brookings. When online markets first emerged, there was widespread optimism that they would be fair and competitive. Unlike physical stores, consumers would be able to choose among dozens, perhaps hundreds, of websites with simply a click. This would drive intense competition to offer the lowest price, making markets more efficient and benefiting consumers. Are online prices higher because of pricing algorithms?

Energy & Climate Action

  • July 8, 2022. By World Nuclear News. A decision on whether to approve plans to build the proposed Sizewell C nuclear power plant has been delayed to 20 July – the announcement came the day before the original deadline. UK government delays Sizewell C decision : New Nuclear
  • July 8, 2022. By World Nuclear News. A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by Energy Northwest and Curio sees Energy Northwest as an industry partner and potential off-taker of products produced through Curio’s NuCycle nuclear waste recycling process. US companies partner on nuclear recycling technology   : Waste & Recycling
  • July 7, 2022. By Caitlin Purdy and Rodrigo Castillo, Brookings. Latin America holds considerable reserves of critical minerals, sometimes also referred to as future-facing commodities, which will be crucial to the global energy transition. What the development of these resources in Latin America will mean for governments and citizens is uncertain. The global energy transition presents an opportunity that could translate into significant commodities windfalls. The end goal for governments is a well-regulated mining sector that increases public goods and spurs socioeconomic development with minimized social and environmental impacts. Transparency, accountability, and participation will be crucial to achieving this. The Future of Mining in Latin America: Critical Minerals and the Global Energy Transition

Global 

  • July 8, 2022. By Clay O’Brien, The Interpreter. While Australians have been poring over the census results, the World Bank released the Global Findex. This is essentially the worldwide census on financial inclusion, published only every three or four years. Why does it matter? Because research shows that access to financial services is an important enabler for poor people to increase their income and, hence, consumption of nutritious food and spending for their families on housing, education and healthcare. “Silver lining”: Covid‑19 accelerates progress on financial inclusion
  • July 8, 2022. By , Project-Syndicate, The Strategist. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, Ukraine inherited part of its nuclear arsenal. But in the 1994 Budapest memorandum, Ukraine agreed to return these weapons to Russia in exchange for ‘assurances’ from Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States that its sovereignty and borders would be respected. Russia brazenly violated this promise when it annexed Crimea in 2014 and tore up the memorandum with its full-scale invasion of Ukraine on 24 February. Many observers have concluded that Ukraine made a fateful mistake by agreeing to surrender its nuclear arsenal (once the world’s third largest). Are they right? Will the war in Ukraine fuel nuclear proliferation?
  • July 7, 2022. By Homi Kharas, Brookings. My friend Bert Hofman, director of the East Asian Institute at the National University of Singapore, has just written an insightful account of the East Asian financial crisis. On July 2, 1997, exactly 25 years ago, the Thai authorities devalued the baht, triggering a wave of economic crises in East Asia with ripple effects onto other emerging economies including Russia and Brazil. 25 years since the East Asian financial crisis: 2 forgotten lessons

Health & Digital