Since May, when foreign troops started withdrawing from Afghanistan, we have witnessed heavy fighting. In recent weeks the clashes between the Afghan army and the Taliban have intensified even more and have moved into more urban areas. Three provincial capitals – Kunduz in Kunduz province, Zaranj in Nimruz province and Sheberghan in Jawzjan province – have already been captured by the armed group. In Lashkar Gah city in Helmand province, there has been relentless gunfire, air raids and mortars in densely populated areas. Houses are being bombed and many people are suffering severe injuries.