Categories
Giudizio storico Pensiero Strategico Progetto di civiltà

Ambiente geostrategico: complessità, giudizio storico, scenari (10 agosto 2022 PM) – Geostrategic environment: complexity, historical judgment, scenarios (10 august 2022 PM)

Newsletter precedenti:

FROM GLOBAL THINK TANKS

with The Science of Where Magazine

AROUND THE WORLD

ASEAN

  • August 8, 2022. Sharon Seah, Joanne Lin, Melinda Martinus, ISEAS. The 55th ASEAN Foreign Ministers (AMM) and its related meetings that took place last week amid a series of crises and upheaval in the region, ranging from China’s retaliation after the historic visit of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit, Russia’s pull-aside in Myanmar, and floods in Phnom Penh. 55th ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting: Much Ado About Everything (or Nothing)?

China

  • August 10, 2022. Wang Zheng, ISEAS. On 15 July 2022, Chinese President Xi Jinping called on Chinese academics and think-tankers to establish “disciplinary, academic, and discourse systems” on Chinese civilisation and history so that the world could better understand China. This “three great systems” statement followed Xi’s directive to rationalise China’s “internal and external propaganda system” to “improve…the appeal of Chinese culture, the affinity of Chinese image, the persuasive power of Chinese discourse, and the guiding force of international public opinion”. As part of this campaign to shift global discourse, Beijing has recently ramped up efforts to build “new think tanks with Chinese characteristics” and to enhance its think-tank diplomacy abroad.  China’s Think-Tank Diplomacy in Southeast Asia: Idea Exchange or Echo Chamber?

Colombia – Venezuela

  • August 9, 2022. In recent years, Venezuelans have streamed into Colombia looking for work and respite from their country’s socio-economic meltdown. But dangers also await them, including the clutches of organised crime. Bogotá’s change of government is a chance to reset policy to keep the migrants safer. Hard Times in a Safe Haven: Protecting Venezuelan Migrants in Colombia

Indonesia

  • August 10, 2022. ISEAS. Kerohanian Islam (Rohis) is a largely understudied group in Indonesia despite playing an important role in the dissemination of Islam within the country’s education system. It has been shaping the minds and behaviour of students since the 1980s. The few existing articles on Rohis’ strategic role in shaping Muslim students’ behaviour argue that its activities are designed to prevent the spread of Western culture, and help tackle the negative effects of globalization and modernization. Najib Kailani, for instance, explains that the rise of Rohis’ activism in the 1980s was due to moral panic among Muslims. He argues that Rohis’ activism helped defuse the spread of Western and East Asian popular culture. Other articles discuss the increasing role of Rohis in disseminating exclusivist and fundamentalist views of Islam. Also included in this category is the research done by Maarif Institute (2018) and Litbang Kemenag Semarang (2017), which found that the religious activities sanctioned by Rohis tend to promote conservatism, intolerance and discrimination, especially targeting Muslim students who do not wear the veil (jilbab). A 2016 survey jointly organized by the Wahid Foundation and the Ministry of Religious Affairs, had 68 per cent of Rohis activists expressing readiness to perform jihad (holy war), and agreeing to the use of violence in the name of defending Islam. 2022/80 “The Complicated Role of Kerohanian Islam (Rohis) Alumni in Disseminating Islam in Indonesia” by Sari Oktafiana and A’an Suryana

Iraq

  • August 8, 2022. Renad Mansour, Benedict Robin-D’Cruz, Chatham House. Following their shock victory in the 2021 elections, the Sadrists claimed they were poised to push Iraq towards a new type of politics. But after nine months of failing to form a government, their leader, populist cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, has seemingly given up and withdrawn from the government formation process. Instead, he called for mass protests, sent his followers to invade and occupy parliament, and demanded another election. In response, his opponents, Nouri al-Maliki and the Iran-aligned Popular Mobilization Forces, sent loyalists to Baghdad’s Green Zone, risking conflict between the two heavily armed sides. Understanding Iraq’s Muqtada al-Sadr: Inside Baghdad’s Sadr City

Israel

Malaysia

  • August 10, 2022. HRW. Persistent Malaysian government-sponsored discrimination threatens the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in Malaysia, Human Rights Watch and Justice for Sisters said in a report released today. The government should decriminalize same-sex conduct and gender diversity, and should discontinue programs and rhetoric suggesting that LGBT people should be “rehabilitated” or “cured.”. Malaysia: State-Backed Discrimination Harms LGBT People

Myanmar

  • August 10, 2022. HRW. A Myanmar army general who received military training in Japan served as a high-ranking officer in a regional command that has been implicated in serious abuses in ethnic minority areas, Human Rights Watch said today. From August 2021 to July 2022, Brig. Gen. Tin Soe was based at Eastern Command headquarters, which oversees operations in southern Shan and Karenni (Kayah) States and whose forces were responsible for a massacre of civilians and other atrocities. Myanmar: Japan-Trained General Linked to Abusive Forces

Palestine – Iran

Russia – Iran

Thailand

  • August 4, 2022. ISEAS. The Yunnanese Chinese living in Northern Thailand— categorized as “overland Chinese”, or “overland Yunnanese” — are differentiated from other ethnic Chinese migrants. The former came from either the south or southwest of China; the term Yunnanese Chinese can be further separated into the Hui and the Han, both having distinct ethnicities, histories, and political identities. The Hui is a fragmented group, while a considerable number of the Han are known for being former soldiers and supporters of the Chinese Nationalist Party (Kuomintang-KMT)who in 1949, escaped from Yunnan into Burma after the communist victory. After the 1960s, they settled in Northern Thailand.  2022/78 “Between Taipei and Beijing: Education Options among the Yunnanese Chinese of Northern Thailand” by Aranya Siriphon

Tunisia

  • August 10, 2022. Agnes Helou, Breaking Defense. A constitutional referendum in Tunisia that brought new, expansive powers to President Kais Saied has called into question Western defense deals, analysts say, as the US and others balance the need for friendly relations with the North African nation and its steady, troubling slide away from democracy. After Tunisian president’s power grab, are Western defense deals in doubt?

Vietnam

  • August 5, 2022. ISEAS. This paper seeks to give a sense of the biggest and most influential media outlets in Vietnam, who owns and controls them, and what sorts of tools, methods and policies are employed to ensure the regime’s control over the information ecosystem. It addresses these questions: What are the vested interests behind private conglomerates that run newly emerging news outlets? Do these media entities exhibit a particular editorial slant that challenges the party line? How have the authorities sought to keep exerting control and influence on the press in this new media landscape at a time when they are struggling to rein in online discourse? 2022/79 “How the Party-State Retains Controls over Vietnam’s Blossoming Media Landscape” by Dien Nguyen An Luong
  • August 10, 2022. Joe Buckley, ISEAS. On 1 July 2022, Vietnam raised its minimum wage for the first time in 2.5 years. The increase was delayed by the Covid-19 pandemic, which had hit Vietnam and the rest of the region in early 2020. The rise is laudable, but should apply not only to salaried workers, but gig workers in the economy. Time for Vietnam to Apply Minimum Wage to Gig Economy Workers

TOPICS

Counterterrorism – Cybersecurity – Defense – Military – Security – Space

Global Economy

Health & Digital