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Can centuries-old clan rivalry explain the crisis in Kazakhstan? (Mansur Mirovalev, Al Jazeera)

Ancient Turks created a nomadic empire that stretched from Mongolia to Eastern Europe.

Thirteen hundred years ago, when Arabs were expanding their caliphate and Western Europe was mired in feudal squabbles, Turkic rulers left inscriptions that are often called “Turkic runes”.

Can centuries-old clan rivalry explain the crisis in Kazakhstan? | News | Al Jazeera