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Emergency, exception, risk for democracy (by Marco Emanuele)

The pandemic is just the latest pretext for a debate that needs to be shared. I intervene in this reasoning with a critical and free spirit but considering the recent reflections of the philosopher Massimo Cacciari as absolutely acceptable.

I taught Totalitarianism and Democracy at the university and I know that the “Weimar risk” is no stranger to our liberal democracies today in crisis. Hannah Arendt, like many other thinkers, has written memorable pages on this subject.

The Global Eye’s research intends to focus on the risks facing the world today and, in particular, on the risks that increase the democratic crisis. Democracy is a fragile construction, we know, and it must be continuously looked after and never considered completed: this is its beauty and, at the same time, its tragedy.

To enter into the merits, and whatever the triggering cause, the endless extension of the state of emergency risks turning into a state of exception. We must be very careful because the state of exception is typical of authoritarian regimes, realities that deny everything that is guaranteed in a democracy.

Cacciari’s reflection is a warning. We must not live in the anxiety of risk but knowing that the same is “around the corner” and can materialize in our lives with an impact that could be dangerous.

An element that must be carefully considered is the growing incapacity of the State to face emergencies in the ordinary nature of its institutions. Already when we invoke “extraordinary actions” we take a step into danger, essentially declaring that the institutions are unable, in their ordinariness, to face the risks that, more and more, become intangible and unpredictable. If the risk has entered into metamorphosis (think of cyber), the State has remained unreformed: and this is a risk within the risk.

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Analysis

Defense/UK. The Army’s Officer Career Structure is Not Fit for Purpose (Jack Watling, RUSI)

The typical British Army posting lasts two years. The reason for this is straightforward. There are nine substantive ranks (if 2nd and 1st lieutenants are merged), which, combined with the tiers of professional military education, mean that each officer can have two jobs at each rank below that of general – one command and one staff position – before topping out within the maximum years of service. The army is unusual because whereas civilian organisations recruit specialists to fill specific positions, the army is almost exclusively fed from its base, and at the base there are a narrow range of specialisms available.

The Army’s Officer Career Structure is Not Fit for Purpose | Royal United Services Institute (rusi.org)

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Sir Mark Rowley: Tackling Hateful Extremism Requires a Broad Approach (RUSI)

As part of our series of videos reflecting on 20 years since the 9/11 attacks, Sir Mark Rowley, a retired senior police officer, shares his perspective working in counterterrorism in the two decades that followed.

Sir Mark Rowley: Tackling Hateful Extremism Requires a Broad Approach | Royal United Services Institute (rusi.org)

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Tom Keatinge: Financially Disrupting Terrorist Activity Post-9/11 (RUSI)

As part of our series of videos reflecting on 20 years since the 9/11 attacks, Tom Keatinge, Director of Centre for Financial Crime and Security Studies at RUSI, reflects on the financial ramifications of the event.

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Terrorism/Counterterrorism. Two Decades After 9/11, Let Us Not Forget This is About People (Suzanne Raine, RUSI)

Policies, military strategies and capabilities, and partnerships have all been constant themes in the debate on the 20 years of counterterrorism since 9/11. But the harrowing footage from Afghanistan has once again put the human aspect of terrorism in the spotlight.

Two Decades After 9/11, Let Us Not Forget This is About People | Royal United Services Institute (rusi.org)

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Ukraine. Ukraine’s Zelenskyy vows to fight for judicial reform (Halyna Chyzhyk, Atlantic Council)

Ukraine’s Zelenskyy vows to fight for judicial reform

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has this week vowed to prevent judicial reform from being derailed. (Stefanie Loos/Pool via REUTERS)

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has announced an extraordinary meeting on September 16 in a bid to prevent his flagship judicial reform drive from being sabotaged. Zelenskyy himself will host Thursday’s meeting, which will be attended by the heads of Ukraine’s judicial bodies including the chairman of the Council of Judges along with representatives of the country’s Supreme Court, members of parliament, and G7 ambassadors.

“I will keep from derailing the main reform of the country, which I promised Ukrainians and which I initiated,” Zelenskyy commented in a strongly worded statement released on Monday to announce the forthcoming meeting. “Every illegal action aimed at blocking judicial reform will be immediately evaluated and rebuffed. I will not allow judges who hamper the reform and cleanup of the judicial system to deprive Ukrainians of the right to justice. And judges who want to work in a transparent system should have our full support.”

Ukraine’s Zelenskyy vows to fight for judicial reform – Atlantic Council

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Defense. US Navy, Boeing conduct first-ever refueling between unmanned tanker, F-35C (Megan Eckstein, Defense News)

An MQ-25 test asset conducts its first aerial refueling test flight with an F-35C Lightning II on Sept. 13 near the MidAmerica St. Louis Airport in Illinois. (Boeing photo)

The U.S. Navy’s MQ-25 Stingray unmanned tanker conducted its first aerial refueling with an F-35C Joint Strike Fighter, the third aircraft type to take fuel from the Navy’s first unmanned system designed to deploy in a future carrier strike group.

Boeing’s T1 test aircraft and an F-35C from the Navy’s Air Test Wing and Evaluation Squadron 23 conducted a three-hour mission on Sept. 13, taking off from the MidAmerica St. Louis Airport in Mascoutah, Ill., and then going through a methodical process of linking up and refueling in this test environment. The Navy pilot conducted surveys and evaluations of the unmanned aircraft and the air around it before connecting with its drogue at 225 knots and 10,000 feet altitude. An air vehicle operator at the ground control station then initiated the fuel transfer from T1′s aerial refueling store to the F-35C.

US Navy, Boeing conduct first-ever refueling between unmanned tanker, F-35C (defensenews.com)

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Defense. BAE bets on battery-powered quadcopter drone for cargo hauling (Andrew Chuter, Defense News)

BAE Systems and Malloy Aeronautics are teaming up to develop the electric-powered T-650 concept drone for military and civilian applications. (BAE Systems graphic)

BAE Systems is moving into the quadcopter drone sector in a collaboration with drone maker Malloy Aeronautics to produce an electric-powered vehicle capable of lifting loads up to 300kg.

The two companies used the DSEI show here to announce plans for a concept vehicle exploring the potential of a battery-powered, vertical-takeoff-and-landing drone capable of carrying stores, weapons, sensors and even a life raft for maritime rescue.

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Analysis

Defense. UK Royal Navy wants a disaggregated fleet that de-couples combat punch from ship platforms (Megan Eckstein, Defense News)

HMS SPEY and HMS TAMAR leave HMNB Portsmouth on Sept. 9, 2021, to be forward deployed in the Indo-Pacific region. (U.K. Royal Navy photo)

The U.K. Royal Navy wants a future fleet with its sensors and weapons disaggregated and its ships flexible enough to change missions as needed, as the service acknowledges that traditional technology superiority may not be possible in the coming decades.

Rear Adm. James Parkin, Director Develop of the Royal Navy, said the “Navy of the Next” will derive its operational advantage from a system-of-systems approach that nets together disaggregated sensors, thinkers and shooters in a way that creates more persistent effects and less vulnerability to attack.

UK Royal Navy wants a disaggregated fleet that de-couples combat punch from ship platforms (defensenews.com)

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