China – China’s quiet diplomacy behind the ‘wolf warriors’ (East Asia Forum)

Connor Fiddler, GWU

When thinking about Chinese foreign policy, it is not unusual to conjure up images of stoic generals or ‘wolf warrior’ diplomats bent on representing their country’s nationalistic pride. Even if this picture is not inaccurate, it is incomplete. While China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) conducts traditional state-to-state diplomacy, the lesser-known International Liaison Department (ILD), a foreign policy agency under the direction of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) Central Committee, conducts ‘quiet diplomacy’.

China’s quiet diplomacy behind the ‘wolf warriors’ (