CHINA/MIGRANT WORKERS – Trade unionism and the welfare of rural-urban migrant workers in China (Alison Booth, Xin Meng, Jilu Zhang, VOXEU)

Rural-urban migrant workers in China often do not receive the same benefits at the workplace as their urban counterparts. This column uses a rich longitudinal survey to study the effects of union presence on the welfare of migrant workers. It finds that relative to workplaces without unions or with inactive unions, union-covered non-members and union members in places with active unions earn higher incomes and receive better benefits and insurances. In addition, there is a notable premium for union members compared with union-covered non-members, particularly on wages.