(China) Myths and Realities of China’s Military-Civil Fusion Strategy (CNAS)

By Elsa B. Kania and Lorand Laskai

In U.S. policy debates on China, military-civil fusion (MCF) has emerged as a frequent subject of debate and concern. Once a niche topic of study among only avid watchers of Chinese military modernization and defense technological development, Beijing’s drive to break down barriers and create stronger linkages between its civilian economy and defense industrial base has started to draw considerable attention in Washington