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(Egypt/Russia/Black Sea/Turkey) Egyptian-Russian Naval Exercises in the Black Sea: Strategic Balancing against Turkey? (Ridvan Bari Urcosta, The Jamestown Foundation)

In November 2020, Russia and Egypt conducted their first joint naval exercises in the Black Sea. The Bridge of Friendship-2020 naval drills brought the Egyptian Navy to the Black Sea for the first time (PortNews.ru, November 16, 2020). Along with expanding military cooperation with Cairo, Moscow also planned the event as a message to Turkey to curb its ambitions in the Middle East after Ankara’s involvement in conflicts in Syria and Libya.

https://jamestown.org/program/egyptian-russian-naval-exercises-in-the-black-sea-strategic-balancing-against-turkey/