After four months of nationwide protests sparked by the death of a 22-year-old woman, Mahsa Jhina Amini, Iran has dialled up its repressive response to the unrest, recently executing two protesters after sham trials. On Monday, the 27 EU member states jointly condemned Iran’s actions in what is the most strongly worded EU statement on Iran in recent years. The European Union has also been quick to adopt a series of sanctions packages targeting individuals and entities responsible for the crackdown. The German foreign minister has stressed that there can be no “business as usual” with Iran. But beyond sanctions and statements, what should Europeans do now?