GENDER GAPS/EUROPE – Heterogeneity in gender wage growth gaps across fields of study in Europe (Rocío Sánchez-Mangas, Virginia Sánchez Marcos, VOXEU)

While gender differences in the labour market outcomes of developed countries have declined markedly in recent decades, substantial gender gaps remain. This column examines wages among European university graduates across fields of study and finds that women with degrees in economics, business, or law experienced a significant annual wage-growth penalty if they had children, whereas women with degrees in education, humanities and the arts, STEM, health or the social sciences paid no such penalty. The gender pay gap is more pronounced at the top of the wage distribution.