Categories
Marco Emanuele Pensiero Strategico

Geostrategic Diary – June 1, 2022 p.m.

First published in The Science of Where Magazine

FOCUS

  • June 1, 2022. By Trisha Ray, ORF. On 24 May 2022, the four leaders of the Quad—a strategic security dialogue between Australia, India, Japan, and the United States (US)—met in Tokyo, reaffirming their commitment to a free, open, and rules-based Indo-Pacific, “Individually and together, we will respond to the challenges of our time, ensuring that the region remains inclusive, open, and governed by universal rules and norms”. Central to this vision are technology standards, and the 2022 Quad Joint Leaders Statement builds on the commitments made at the 2021 summit—the leaders launched The Common Statement of Principles on Critical Technology Supply Chains as well as a new, as-yet-mysterious body called the International Standards Cooperation Network (ISCN). The Quad statement epitomises the fact that technology standards are not simply technical, but laden with values, politics, and power. The Quad and the wicked problem of tech standards

THINK TANKS & GLOBAL NEWS

DIGITAL & TECH

  • June 1, 2022. By Mohnish Kedia, ORF. You walk across a camera mounted on the traffic pole. The long white camera spots you, clicks your picture, and then sends it to a facial recognition system placed at the police station. The software breaks down your face geometry, locates all facial features, matches it with a database to identify you, and sends information to the police. The police then trace you and engage with you. All of this happens in a short span of 15 minutes. Welcome to the world of public security and surveillance using Facial Recognition Technology (FRT). Appropriateness or consequence: Challenges to regulating facial regulation technology

PERSPECTIVES

AROUND THE WORLD

Bhutan – China – India

  • June 1, 2022. By Aditya Gowdara Shivamurthy, ORF. Bhutan has historically maintained a neutral relationship with China, to its north, and a more special relationship with India, whose states border its west, east, and south. Over the past two decades, however, many factors are forcing Bhutan to settle its longstanding territorial disputes with China and diversify its relations. These factors include its own changing economy and transition from an absolute monarchy to a democracy, a generational shift and their exposure to the internet, and geopolitical events such as China’s economic and military rise. This paper analyses these shifts and ponders their implications for Bhutan’s foreign policy, overall, and specifically its relations with China and India. The Changing Contours of Bhutan’s Foreign Policy and the Implications for China and India

Black Sea – South Caucasus

  • June 1, 2022. by RUSI. Natia Seskuria, Director of the Regional Institute of Security Studies in Tbilisi and RUSI Associate Fellow, and Richard Giragosian, Director of the Regional Studies Centre in Yerevan, discuss with Dr Neil Melvin, Director, RUSI International Security Studies, the implications for the wider Black Sea security space, and trace developments in the region’s protracted conflicts. Episode 27: The South Caucasus and Black Sea Security

Gaza Strip

Germany

India – China

  • June 1, 2022. By Raj Gupta, VIF. A standoff between India and China that started in May 2020, eventually leading up to the deadly clashes on June 15, saw 20 and 4 (though some reports put PLA’s toll at 38-40 killed) soldiers reported dead by India and China respectively. Although disputes and standoffs have occurred between the two countries in recent years such as the Daulat Beg Oldi incident in 2013, Chumar standoff in 2014 and the Doklam standoff in 2017, none have had as much of a sustained impact on the Sino-Indian relationship as the Galwan incident. Much of it can be attributed to the fact that it is the first incident leading to death of soldiers since the Tulung La incident in 1975. Galwan: A Centrepiece of CPC’s Military Propaganda

Iran 

Iran – Afghanistan

Iran – Pakistan

Iraq

Iraqi Kurdistan

Israel

Jordan – Syria

  • June 1, 2022. By The Syrian Observer. Jordanian authorities have said they are thwarting the smuggling of weapons and ammunition on its northern border with Syria, after repeatedly denouncing the smuggling of narcotics from Syria as well. After Drugs, Jordan Faces Arms Smuggling Coming from Syria

Libya

Poland – Ukraine

  • June 1, 2022. By Reuters. Poland stands to get an economic boost from agreements to help Ukraine, the prime minister said on Wednesday, as he opened temporary housing funded and built by Warsaw in a town that was largely destroyed during the war with Russia. Poland to become ‘economic hub’ for Ukraine, says PM

Russia – Ukraine

Syria

Syria – Iran

Syria – Iraq

Taiwan

UK – Ukraine

USA – China – Indo Pacific

  • June 1, 2022. By Patrick McLaren, The National Interest. The Asia-Pacific has become one of the most prominent focal points for both the West and China. Overwhelmingly, the central themes of engagement in the region relate to trade and development, security cooperation, and global governance. It is within this context that both the West and China each seek to strengthen their respective ties to, and influence within, the region in furtherance of their respective national interests. The U.S.-China Competition for the Indo-Pacific Is Just Beginning

USA – Iran

West Bank

Yemen

  • June 1, 2022. by Al-Monitor. A fragile UN-brokered truce between the Yemeni government and Huthi rebels hung in the balance Wednesday as talks on renewing it hit trouble, threatening the humanitarian gains of the past two months. Yemen truce hangs in balance as extension talks falter

DEFENSE – MILITARY – SPACE

  • June 1, 2022. By Trevor Filseth, The National Interest. Defense officials from China and the United States have made progress in arranging a bilateral meeting in Singapore, according to Bloomberg—suggesting that the Biden administration has prioritized open discussions over concerns of diplomatic protocol, which have obstructed high-level defense meetings in the past. U.S. Defense Secretary Edges Closer to Meeting With Chinese Counterpart
  • June 1, 2022. By IRNA. Head of Iranian Space Agency (ISA) said that Iran was going to have a more active participation in international meetings on space, as the meeting of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) kicked off on Wednesday. Iran to have bolder contribution to int’l space regulation
  • June 1, 2022. By Sidharth Kaushal, RUSI. Constraints on Russia’s shipbuilding industry and its finances mean it is increasingly likely that its surface navy will evolve into a green water fleet based around frigates and corvettes. The Death of Gorshkov’s Navy: The Future of the Russian Surface Fleet
  • June 1, 2022. By Reuters. Finland and Sweden said on Wednesday the Nordic countries will continue their dialogue with Turkey over Ankara’s objections to their bids for membership of the NATO military alliance. Finland and Sweden to continue NATO talks with Turkey
  • June 1, 2022. By , Reuters. Danes vote on Wednesday to decide whether to join the European Union’s defence policy, potentially becoming the final hold-out in the bloc to sign up as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine forces countries to radically reassess their security. Denmark votes on closer EU defence ties on Russia concerns
  • June 1, 2022. By Raj Shukla, ORF. The Ukraine crisis is, indeed, a watershed of many sorts, with seismic consequences for the international order and systemic implications for national security, offering many military lessons for the future. The military lessons from the Ukraine conflict
  • June 1, 2022. By Naval News. Navantia conducted the initial sea trials of the first S-80 class submarine, Isaac Peral (S-81), in the Bay of Cartagena on May 27, 2022. Navantia completes initial sea trials of Isaac Peral (S-81) Submarine
  • June 1, 2022. By Naval News. The Indian Ministry of Defence signed a contract with Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) on May 31, 2022, for the supply of ASTRA MK -I Beyond Visual Range (BVR) Air to Air Missile (AAM) and associated equipment for the Indian Air Force and Indian Navy. Bharat Dynamics to provide ASTRA MK-I Air-to-Air missile to Indian Navy
  • June 1, 2022. By Naval News. Lloyd’s Register (LR) has awarded Approval in Principle (AiP) to Vard Marine Inc., a Fincantieri company, for its Vard 7 125 Next-Generation Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV). Lloyd’s Register Approves VARD Marine for Next-Gen OPV
  • June 1, 2022. By Andrew Eversden, Breaking Defense. Russia’s unprovoked invasion of Ukraine has provided US Army leaders several lessons in the future of warfare, from how to command troops to safeguarding soldiers against drones and insecure communications, according to the service’s top civilian. US Army secretary: 5 lessons from the Ukraine conflict
  • June 1, 2022. By Lauren C. Williams, Defense One. The Defense Department has many predicaments to untangle when it comes to adopting emerging, and existing, technologies from workforce to acquisition. But when it comes to artificial intelligence, cultural and budget issues are the largest obstacles to widespread implementation, officials say. ‘Cultural Artifacts’ Are Keeping DOD From Going Big on AI
  • June 1, 2022. By
  • May 31, 2022. By Rakesh Sharma, VIF. The essence of transformation in the military is to create a marked change in its character or form – mostly for the better, and moving away from the legacy systems. Normally this transforming transformation perspective is relevant to ‘how we will fight’ component of military transformation. Transforming visions are normally united in the view of new and better ships, tanks and fighters. Rather transformations are layered on conventional warfighting doctrines and strategies (for example the proactive strategy), great technological changes (as in information warfare) or low-level counter-insurgency (like raising of Rashtriya Rifles i.e. RR in India). Transformation that Indian Army will be undergoing hereinafter has a very interesting dynamic – led by complete overhaul of human resource at the level of rank and file! There are but no singular examples in the modern international system that one can bank upon, to rationalise the changes happening! Transforming-transformation into neo-Army