Categorie
Marco Emanuele Pensiero Strategico

Geostrategic Diary – June 8, 2022 a.m.

First published in The Science of Where Magazine

FOCUS

  • June 7, 2022. By Andrew Chuter, Defense News. Britain’s Ministry of Defence has identified a series of key future technologies in which it plans to invest $2.5 billion over the next four years, officials announced on June 7. The program, called the Science & Technology Portfolio, will aim to underpin development of essential future military capabilities beyond the next generation, the MoD said in a statement. Efforts include the development of a hypersonic weapon demonstrator, new space capabilities, expanded research into artificial intelligence, advanced materials and nuclear submarine systems. British $2.5 billion research push targets space sensors, hypersonic tech

THE SCIENCE OF WHERE

  • June 7, 2022. By David Gadsden, Esri. Ninety-one percent of South Africa’s land is at risk of becoming desert. The sense of urgency is palpable among conservationists working to improve water management practices in the diverse and majestic Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region. The biosphere comprises 10 percent of  the republic’s land yet provides more than half of its water. In Kruger National Park, Smart Maps Protect Water Sources
  • June 7, 2022. By Alexa Vlahakis, Raquel Perez, Esri. The National Audubon Society is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the conservation of birds and bird habitats. Since 1905, Audubon’s important work has focused on reaching millions of people to educate, motivate, and connect diverse communities across the United States. Meet the Dangermond Fellows Using GIS for Conservation

THINK TANKS & GLOBAL NEWS

TECH, DIGITAL, CYBER

AROUND THE WORLD

Afghanistan

  • June 7, 2022. By Heather Barr, HRW. When the Taliban announced on May 7 that women and girls should not leave their homes unless necessary and should do so only with their whole bodies including their faces covered, some people were surprised. Others were not. Speak Up on Behalf of Afghan Women

Americas

China

China – Europe

China – Guinea 

  • June 7, 2022. By Briana Boland, Lauren Maranto, CSIS. This CCP Inc. case study explores how Chinese diplomatic, regulatory, financial, and commercial actors work in concert to secure critical minerals in the West African nation of Guinea. Efforts in Guinea to mine bauxite and iron ore, the primary inputs for aluminum and steel, illuminate Beijing’s conduits for influencing and supporting its geo-economic objectives. Examining one key Chinese player in Guinea’s mining sector, this study highlights state actors’ connections with nominally private Chinese companies and the importance of partnerships with state-owned enterprises for building costly infrastructure. Across multiple bauxite and iron ore mining ventures, Chinese diplomatic support and state financing provided conduits to help further favored projects and increase Chinese companies’ access to Guinea’s mining industries. CCP Inc. in West Africa

Hong Kong

Horn of Africa

  • June 7, 2022. By Jacob Kurtzer, Sierra Ballard, CSIS. The greater Horn of Africa, stretching from southern Ethiopia to northern Kenya and Somalia, is experiencing its worst drought in four decades. A fourth consecutive failed rainy season caused by the La Niña weather phenomenon has generated extreme drought conditions that have curtailed agricultural production, destroyed crops, and killed more than 3 million livestock, threatening the livelihoods and lives of millions of farmers and pastoralists. Across the region, more than 20 million people currently face starvation, and nearly 6 million children under the age of five are acutely malnourished. The number of individuals impacted by acute food insecurity will likely increase to over 25 million by mid-2022, hitting conflict-affected Ethiopia and Somalia the hardest, potentially leading to widespread malnutrition and starvation. Concurrent Crises in the Horn of Africa

Iran

  • June 8, 2022. By HRW. In 1988, Iranian authorities, acting on the orders of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khomeini, summarily and extrajudicially executed thousands of political prisoners across the country. The number of executions is not definitively known, but according to estimates from former Iranian officials and lists compiled by human rights and opposition groups, Iranian authorities executed between 2,800 and 5,000 prisoners in at least 32 cities in the country. Iran’s 1988 Mass Executions

Kazakhstan

Koreas

Mali 

  • June 7, 2022. By  Marie Jourdain and Petr Tůma, Atlantic Council. When Mali’s government saw Tuareg separatists and jihadists storming from the north toward the capital Bamako in 2012, it turned to France—a former colonial power—for help. Operation Serval stopped the advance and was later transformed into a regional counterterrorism operation, dubbed Barkhane. France was gradually joined by other European countries, and the Sahel region had come to host the largest deployment of European forces abroad—with around eight thousand troops. As Europe withdraws from Mali, Russia gets the upper hand

Myanmar

Nigeria

Russia

Russia – Shanghai Cooperation Organization

Russia – Ukraine

Singapore

  • June 6, 2022. By Ben Charoenwong, Think China. Amid US-China tensions, mainland China companies blacklisted by the US are expected to expand their presence in Hong Kong. While it may seem that the special autonomous region will reap the benefits, NUS academic Ben Charoenwong says investors are in fact wary of the costs involved and may look to other financial hubs like Singapore. But is Singapore ready to fill that role? Geopolitics affecting HK’s financial market. Can Singapore benefit?

Syria

  • June 8, 2022. By The Syrian Observer. In a press briefing on Tuesday, the spokesman for the U.S. Department of State, Ned Price, renewed his country’s concerns about a breach of the 2019 ceasefire agreement in northeast Syria and said that any escalation by Turkey would affect the battle against the Islamic State Organization (ISIS). Washington Warns of “Costly Setbacks” in Northern Syria if Turkey Attacks
  • June 8, 2022. By The Syrian Observer. The Syrian–Venezuelan Friendship Committee at the People’s Assembly discussed on Tuesday with the Chargé d’affaires of the Venezuelan Embassy in Damascus, Joaquín Gómez, ways of enhancing and developing mutual parliamentary relations. Syria, Venezuela Discuss Ways of Enhancing Parliamentary Relations
  • June 8, 2022. By The Syrian Observer. The Syrian Center for Press Freedoms, in the Journalists Association (opposition), documented three new violations committed against the media in Syria during the month of May 2022. Therefore, May witnessed a decrease in the number of documented violations, compared to February, in which the center documented nine violations. Three Violations Against the Media in Syria During May 2022
  • June 8, 2022. By The Syrian Observer. The Prime Minister of the Syrian Interim Government, Abdul Rahman Mustafa, made an official visit to the United States. This visit is the first of its kind since he took office.  Interim Government Prime Minister Visits Washington
  • June 8, 2022. By The Syrian Observer. The decline in economic activity and income in the Syrian coastal region has forced young people to go towards recruitment with the military, joining pro-government militias, or smuggling. These jobs offer better income than traditional ones, amid the regime’s lack of support for industrial and agricultural activity in the region. No Jobs for Young Men on Syrian Coast: Only Fighting or Smuggling
  • June 8, 2022. By The Syrian Observer. Russia and Syrian government forces have been bolstered in northern Syria where Turkey may soon launch an offensive against Kurdish fighters, Turkish and opposition Syrian officials said, as Ankara prepares for talks with Moscow. Syrian, Russian Forces Boosted after Turkey Signals Operation
  • June 8, 2022. By The Syrian Observer. The Syrian air defences confronted on Monday evening an Israeli missile aggression that targeted some sites in Damascus’ southern countryside and downed most of the hostile missiles. Syrian Air Defenses Repel Israeli Aggression on Damascus Countryside
  • June 8, 2022. By The Syrian Observatory. Kurdish political and academic activist, Farid Saadoun, said that confronting the attempt to invade Syrian territory by the Turkish regime and its militias, needs “strengthening of the home front” through an “agreement” between the Syrian army and SDF militias. He warned that the regime of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan could launch limited aggression in order to save himself from humiliation and succeed in the corresponding elections.  Kurdish Politician Demands Agreement Between Army and SDF: Russian Action not as Should be

Turkey

  • June 7, 2022. By HRW. The prolonged and unlawful detention of Selahattin Demirtaş constitutes a serious breach of his human rights and represents a deepening of the rule of law crisis in Turkey. The Turkish authorities should release him from detention, drop the abusive criminal proceedings against him and refrain from weaponizing the law to stifle the exercise of free expression in public debate. Turkey: End abuse of criminal proceedings against Selahattin Demirtaş

UK 

  • June 7, 2022. By Aruna Kashyap, HRW. The U.K. is using its power at the World Trade Organization to block measures to improve equitable access to lifesaving COVID-19 tests, treatments, and vaccines in the lead up to the June 12 WTO Ministerial Conference. For over 20 months, the U.K. and a handful of other high-income countries, have obstructed India and South Africa’s October 2020 proposal at WTO, co-sponsored by over 60 other countries, for a temporary waiver of some provisions of the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, or TRIPS. Urgent message to the UK — COVID isn’t over

Ukraine

Ukraine – Britain – Poland

Ukraine – Europe

Ukraine – Poland

Ukraine – USA

Ukraine – World Bank 

USA

  • June 7, 2022. By Alison Leal Parker, HRW. California has a chance to prevent unjustly deporting people with deep ties to the United States. The VISION Act, currently before the state senate, which Human Rights Watch co-sponsors, would prohibit California from transferring people eligible for release from the state’s jails and prisons to immigration detention. As a practical matter, the law will provide immigrants subject to deportation a better opportunity to secure legal representation, have better access to community support, and obtain witnesses and evidence – all of which could assist their legal defense against deportation. Bill Could Protect California Immigrants from Deportation

USA – Pacific

Vietnam

  • June 7, 2022. By World Nuclear News. A joint study by Vietnamese power engineering consultancy PECC2, Denmark’s Seaborg, designer of power barges using compact molten salt reactors (CMSRs) and manufacturer Siemens Energy looked at the case for floating nuclear power plants to provide electricity as well as hydrogen and ammonia production. Study examines option for floating nuclear power in Vietnam : New Nuclear

DEFENSE, MILITARY

  • June 7, 2022. By Liu Xuanzun, Global Times. With the participation of Australia and Canada, the US-led Five Eyes alliance has conducted a new trick to provoke China and test the resolve of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) by carrying out aerial close-in reconnaissance near China, analysts said on Tuesday, with data showing dozens of such flights were conducted in the East China Sea and the South China Sea recently. US rallies Canada, Australia for close-in recon on China; ‘PLA could do similar to them’ as countermeasure
  • June 7, 2022. By Naval News. Lee Jeong-sup, South Korea’s Minister of National Defense, met his Philippine counterpart, Delfin Lorenzana on June 3rd. Foremost on the meeting’s agenda was cooperation between the two countries on naval issues. South Korean and Philippine Defense Ministers Discuss Naval Cooperation
  • June 7, 2022. By Naval News. Textron Systems was awarded a contract worth up to $18.3 million, including all options, by NAVAIR for continued support of UAS operations on the USS Hershel “Woody” Williams (ESB-4). Textron Systems to keep supporting UAS ops of the U.S. Navy’s ESB-4
  • June 7, 2022. By Tayfun Ozberk, Naval News. Following the call of the Prime Minister of India, the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) of India, in a meeting held on June 06, 2022, acknowledged the need for procurement proposals of the Armed Forces amounting to Rs. 76,390 crore (~ USD 9.8 billion). Indian government turns on green light for NGC (Next-Gen corvette)
  • June 7, 2022. By Theresa Hitchens, Breaking Defense. The historic first space launch from British territory slated for this summer will carry two experimental satellites built jointly by the Naval Research Laboratory and the UK Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, the Navy announced today. Joint US-UK experimental satellites will launch this summer from Cornwall
  • June 7, 2022. By Jaspreet Gill, Breaking Defense. Concerned with the Pentagon’s progress on implementing it’s Joint All-Domain Command and Control concept — an effort to connect sensors to shooters across land, sea, air, space and cyberspace domains — lawmakers are directing the defense secretary to submit a report by the end of this year on exactly what capabilities will be delivered to warfighters and when. Lawmakers want clarity on JADC2 efforts: Who’s getting what, when?
  • June 7, 2022. By Theresa Hitchens, Breaking Defense. The House Armed Services strategic forces subcommittee is calling on the National Reconnaissance Office to both expand and accelerate its current pilot program to acquire imagery from commercial operators of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sats. House lawmakers urge spy satellite agency to beef up commercial SAR acquisition
  • June 7, 2022. By Andrew Eversden, Breaking Defense. A House Armed Service Committee panel wants the Defense Department to submit a new assessment detailing the Pentagon’s ability to defend against incoming missile threats, according to draft legislation released today. With hypersonic worries, lawmakers request reports on US missile defense
  • June 7, 2022. By Elisabeth Braw, Defense One. Sweden’s and Finland’s NATO bids seemed like a mere formality. Nothing, it seemed, could stop the two Nordic neighbors from joining the alliance–indeed, they were even promised a fast lane to membership. But then Turkey proceeded to block the countries’ applications over concerns for their support of Kurds—a dig primarily directed at Sweden. And Sweden’s opposition parties organized a no-confidence vote against a bungling justice minister. In a remarkable turn of events, this caused Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson to make concessions to a Kurdish member of parliament. Sweden’s NATO application seems close to derailing, at least for the time being. Sweden’s NATO Bid Is in Trouble
  • June 7, 2022. By Courtney Albon, Defense News. House lawmakers called for an independent review of the Pentagon’s test and evaluation resourcing strategy in light of a growing infrastructure and equipment shortfall. House panel wants independent look at how Pentagon funds testing
  • June 7, 2022. By Colin Demarest, Defense News. The Pentagon’s new chief digital and artificial intelligence officer said the gravity of the situation and the need to get things right motivated him to leave ride-hailing company Lyft Inc. for government work.  Why Martell left Lyft for Pentagon’s top AI job
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  • June 7, 2022. By Tom Kington, Defense News. As armored vehicles grab the limelight amid the war in Ukraine, Italy is working on a three-for-one deal that could see a common platform used for tracked, wheeled and amphibious vehicles. Backed by the European Union and the brainchild of the Italian Army, the program to build a common platform for an armored infantry fighting vehicle, amphibious assault vehicle and light-armored vehicle could be delivered by 2030. Italy nurses EU plans for a common armored fighting vehicle
  • June 7, 2022. By Burak Ege Bekdil, Defense News. A Turkish government research agency has started to mass-produce a new miniature munition to be fitted into the Bayraktar TB2 drone, made by a Turkish company Baykar Makina. Turkey starts mass production of miniature drone missile