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Geostrategic environment (october 17, 2022 – pm)

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All that is taken up here, in the complexity of open sources, does not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Global Eye

TOPICS

  • (Cybersecurity) Phil Muncaster, Infosecurity. Spanish police have taken down an organized crime gang believed to have laundered hundreds of millions of dollars annually, according to Europol. Spanish Police Bust Region’s “Biggest Narco Bank”
  • (Cybersecurity) Phil Muncaster, Infosecurity. A local government authority in London was forced to spend over £12m ($11.7m) in a single financial year to help it recover from a devastating ransomware attack, according to a local report. Hackney Council Ransomware Attack Cost £12m+
  • (Cybersecurity) Phil Muncaster, Infosecurity. Interpol has released details of a new operation designed to target notorious West African criminal gang Black Axe, which led to 75 arrests. Global Cops Arrest Dozens Linked to Financial Crime Gang
  • (Defense – Military – Security) Vivienne Machi, Defense News. France, with its 2,000 miles of domestic coastline and over one dozen overseas territories, has long understood and invested in seapower. The country’s key budget plan, the 2019-2025 military programming law, included significant investments in the navy’s surface ships, submarines, and naval technologies that seek to protect France’s populations and exclusive economic zones around the globe. French Navy chief talks battle readiness and global reach
  • (Nuclear Energy) World Nuclear News. Finnish utility Fortum has launched a two-year feasibility study to examine the prerequisites for nuclear new build in Finland and Sweden. The study will consider both small modular reactors (SMRs) and conventional large reactors. Fortum considers nuclear new build projects
  • (Perspectives) Shoba Suri, ORF. ‘The full range of farms and firms and their successive coordinated value-adding activities that produce particular raw agricultural materials and transform them into particular food products that are sold to final consumers and disposed of after use, in a manner that is profitable throughout, has broad-based benefits for society, and does not permanently deplete natural resources’…..Sustainable Food Value Chain as defined by the Food and Agricultural OrganizationSustainable food value chains for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals

WORLDS

  • (China) David Lubin, Chatham House. Ever since the 2008 global financial crisis, when the West’s reliability as a trading partner was thrown into question, self-reliance has become a more decisive organizing principle for Chinese officials. Why a more inward-looking China is bad news for the world economy
  • (China) Yu Jie, Chatham House. The 20th Party Congress report is significantly shorter than the 19th, which is a clear indication of Xi’s success in centralizing power. The report acts as a summary of the party’s achievements and its plans – expressed as the lowest common denominator of consensus between competing factions. A shorter political report would seem to represent fewer factions now seeking consensus. Xi Jinping shows the world he is taking a tougher line
  • (Eastern Europe and Central Asia) Modern Diplomacy. Rising inflation and the Ukraine war have triggered a 19 per cent increase in child poverty across Eastern Europe and Central Asia, according to a study by the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), published on Monday, the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. Surge in poverty-stricken children in Eastern Europe, Central Asia
  • (Europe) InterRegional for Strategic Analysis. For many years, the member states of the European Union relied upon stable energy supplies. There was little interest in having generators to supplement the energy supply for extended periods in the event of an outage.  But with recent geopolitical changes in the region, as well as Europe’s position against the Russian intervention in Ukraine and the earlier opposition of some countries to the completion of the Nord Stream 2 Pipeline, Europe has come under Russian pressure due to its leverage over gas. Since the beginning of 2021, this has embroiled the continent in an ongoing energy crisis. Network at Risk: Is the Telecommunications Sector Collapsing as a Result of the Energy Crisis in Europe?
  • (Europe – Africa) ECDPM. Despite the current geopolitical turmoil, this year’s COP27 offers a unique opportunity to advance the climate adaptation agenda, particularly in the food and water sectors. Cecilia D’Alessandro, Fabien Tondel and Sanja Terlević argue that to deliver on climate commitments, Europe must reinvigorate its cooperation with Africa and tackle the interconnected challenges of energy, food and water security through coherent policies and a careful balancing of respective strategic interests with climate objectives.  Managing water, energy and food security in times of geopolitical turmoil
  • (India) Lydia Powell, Akhilesh Sati, Vinod Kumar Tomar, ORF. In 2007, Time magazine featured a story on Mr Tulsi Tanti, wind energy pioneer and Chairman & Managing Director of the Suzlon group, who passed away suddenly this month (October 2022). As part of a series on ‘Heroes of the Environment’, the story offered two reasons behind Mr Tanti’s entry into the Indian wind energy industry. One was the poor quality and high price of grid-based power that affected the profitability of his textile yarn business. The second was a report on climate change that predicted that without a radical decrease in the world’s carbon emissions, many parts of the world would be underwater by 2050. Both factors continue to drive investment in renewable energy (RE) by the industry today. Wind Energy in India: Tailwinds and Headwinds
  • (Kashmir)  Ashok Pathak, VIF. While India was in her biggest ‘festival mood’, the Home Minister was in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir on a two-day visit to Rajouri and Baramulla. Since the announcement for this visit on 4th and 5th October 22 was made much in advance panorama scan’ of the region leading to the visit would be interesting. In this article we will use three channels to draw the panorama. First the media reports preceding and during the visit, secondly, an academic discourse in a conclave comprising of intellectuals from different fields in the valley-university and college students and thirdly a visual imagery of a common man who happened to be in the valley from 30 September to 4 October 22. A Perspective on Kashmir Situation: Tunneled View and Wide-Angle Scan
  • (Russia – Iran)  , Modern Diplomacy. The convergence between Russia and Iran started in the second half of the Gorbachev era. Gorbachev, who supported Iran and then Iraq alternately during the Iran-Iraq War, openly approached Iran in July 1987. Relations between the two countries strengthened in June 1989 when Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani visited Moscow and signed a series of important bilateral agreements, including one on military cooperation. The military agreement allowed Iran to purchase highly sophisticated military aircraft from Moscow, including MIG-29s and SU-24s.  Russia – Iran Bilateral and Regional Relations after the Invasion of Iraq
  • (UNSC) Hari Bansh Jha, ORF. Immediately after the end of the Second World War, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) was formed in 1945 to maintain peace and security in the world. However, since its inception, the global order has witnessed significant shifts: A significant rise in the number of UN member countries after decolonization; a shift to a multipolar world from a bipolar one; a population explosion, from 2.2 billion to nearly 7.7 billion, amongst others. Despite these changes, the structure of the UNSC largely remains unchanged. It continues to have five permanent members (P5)—China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom (UK), and the United States (US)—and 10  non-permanent members, as it continues to sideline Africa, Latin America, and Asia.  Restructuring the UNSC
  • (USA) Nishat Tasnim, Modern Diplomacy. The USA is witnessing a surge in gun violence as the gun purchase rate has reached its highest level in 2020 and 2021, with an estimated 43 million guns has been purchased at a time when the rate of gun deaths also hit the highest records. According to Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), around 4,222 people died from gun-related injuries in the US in 2020, which includes gun murders and gun suicides. What Lies Behind: The Untold Sufferings of Gun Violence in the United States