La fallacia della perenne supremazia statunitense (Stimson Center, Robert A. Manning, Mathew Burrows). The U.S. foreign policy establishment has long resisted the idea of multipolarity, favoring instead a bipolar world in which the U.S. replicates its victory over the Soviet Union, only this time with China as the adversary. For some, Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine serves as proof of the need for continued American primacy. The problem, however, with the notion that Ukraine has given the U.S.-led order a second wind to take on a new Cold War-like threat—the combined China/Russia authoritarian menace—is that the world is not static. It is breaking down amid a historic, but still uncertain, transformation. The Fallacy of Perpetual U.S. Primacy
Panama dice che le navi da guerra iraniane potrebbero essere autorizzate ad attraversare il canale (The Defense Post). Iranian naval ships will be allowed to sail through the Panama Canal as long as they abide by international norms, Panamanian authorities said Tuesday following reports that Teheran was sending vessels to the strategic waterway. Panama Says Iran Warships Might Be Allowed Through Canal
Il problema energetico dell’Europa ora è il cambiamento climatico, non la Russia (PIIE, Jacob Funk Kirkegaard).
Il Regno Unito addestra i piloti di ‘jet da combattimento’ e i marines ucraini (The Defense Post). The UK will offer fighter jet training to Ukraine as Western allies debate how much military aid to give Kyiv amid warnings of an impending Russian offensive in the east. UK to Train Ukrainian ‘Fighter Jet Pilots and Marines:’ PM’s Office
Cambiamento climatico e ricostruzione post-conflitto nelle pianure di Ninive in Iraq (SIPRI, Amal Bourhrous). The Islamic State (IS) group’s occupation of northern Iraq between 2014 and 2017 caused immense destruction, with tens of thousands of civilians killed and millions displaced. In Nineveh, IS perpetrated a genocidal campaign against several ethnic and religious minorities and systematically destroyed heritage sites, infrastructure and livelihoods. Recovery and reconstruction have begun, but there is still a long way to go. It is important, however, to go beyond replacing what was destroyed, to build back ‘better’ and more resilient. This means taking into account emerging challenges such as the effects of climate change. Climate change and post-conflict reconstruction in the Nineveh Plains of Iraq
La seconda guerra silenziosa della Russia contro il suo capitale umano (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Andrei Kolesnikov). At the end of last year, Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the government to draw up a package of measures by 2023 that will increase birth rates and life expectancy in Russia. Russia’s Second, Silent War Against Its Human Capital
Abrams: Un cambiamento di gioco per il conflitto tra Russia e Ucraina? (CAPS, Vedant Saigal). The US has recently approved a battalion of 31 M1-Abrams tanks to be sent to Ukraine to help increase its offensive capabilities in the conflict with Russia. The tanks play a unique and important role in the overall conflict, as they possess certain specifications that make them different from the other combat vehicles. For instance, the installation of new laser rangefinder technology, colour cameras, and advanced meteorological sensors. Indeed, if the tanks are used after extensive training, they might help reshape the Russia-Ukraine conflict. However, these specialised tanks require high maintenance and experienced personnel to perform efficiently. Abrams: A Game Changer for Russia-Ukraine Conflict?
Una nuova guerra per il Nagorno-Karabakh nel Caucaso meridionale (RUSI, Neil Melvin). For nearly 30 years, the confrontation over landlocked Nagorno-Karabakh persisted through numerous rounds of negotiations and a massive regional arms build-up between Azerbaijan and Armenia. In 2020, Azerbaijan launched an offensive using its modernised armed forces, overwhelming the Armenian defences and reclaiming the occupied territories as well as key parts of Karabakh itself. The agreement at the end of the conflict led to the introduction of a Russian peacekeeping force and proposals for new transport corridors to open up the region. Episode 43: A New War Over Nagorno-Karabakh in the South Caucasus
Canada, Corea del Sud e l’Indo-Pacifico (Manohar Parrikar Institute, R. Vignesh). Lately, the world has witnessed the geopolitical construct of the Asia-Pacific being progressively replaced by the Indo-Pacific. This has created a diplomatic domino effect with many governments shifting their focus to Indo-Pacific and articulating their strategic approach towards the region. As a result, major powers like the US, France and the European Union (EU) have come out with their Indo-Pacific Strategies (IPS), attempting to articulate and accentuate their economic, political and strategic interests in the region. The latest to join this list are Canada and the Republic of Korea (ROK), who unveiled their strategies on 27 November 2022 and 28 December 2022, respectively. Both the documents signal a major transformation in their respective government’s foreign policy outlook. Canada, South Korea and the Indo-Pacific
L’Australia aggiornerà i velivoli da guerra elettronica Growler (The Defense Post, Joe Saballa). Australia is investing 277 million Australian dollars ($193 million) to upgrade its EA-18G Growler electronic warfare aircraft fleet. Australia to Upgrade Growler Electronic Warfare Aircraft
Un nuovo ordine nucleare (Chatham House, Rafael Mariano Grossi). or more than half a century, the global nuclear non-proliferation framework has supported international security and facilitated the expansion of the many peaceful applications of nuclear science and technology. A new nuclear order
Come garantire la cooperazione internazionale in materia di concorrenza digitale (Bruegel, Christophe Carugati). Large digital firms pose similar competition issues worldwide, such as promoting their own services over those of rivals, or imposing unfair terms and conditions. Competition authorities have opened several antitrust investigations and policymakers have proposed digital competition regulations to tackle these issues. How best to ensure international digital competition cooperation