Geostrategic magazine (february 1, 2024)

LABORATORIO DI RICERCA COMPLESSA / COMPLEX RESEARCH LABORATORY

 

The Global Eye

Vola l’economia spagnola e quella europea arranca. Vince ‘el modelo esportador’ (Marzia Giglioli)

L’Africa è il ‘cuore’ e l’ ‘oltre’ dell’Europa / Africa is the ‘heart’ and ‘beyond’ of Europe (Marco Emanuele)

Colonialismo ante e post. Le parole che fermano il dialogo (Marzia Giglioli)

Biden, come fermare l’Iran senza provocare la guerra (Carlo Rebecchi)

Democrazia e rivoluzione tecnologica: un rapporto ‘complesso’ / Democracy and technological revolution: a ‘complex’ relationship (Marco Emanuele)

Musk, primo impianto cerebrale in un essere umano. Un ‘Link’ indissolubile tra uomo e computer (Marzia Giglioli)

La nuova anima ecologista dell’America e la decisione di bloccare l’export di gas naturale (Marzia Giglioli)

Intelligenza artificiale: il rischio dei dati spazzatura (Marzia Giglioli)

Wall Street guarda all’intelligenza artificiale. Il Nasdaq continua a macinare record (Marzia Giglioli)

 

Daily from global think tanks and open sources

(the analyzes here recalled do not necessarily correspond to the geostrategic thinking of The Global Eye)

Artificial Intelligence

1 – (Katherine Walla – Atlantic Council) According to US Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo, the United States and European Union (EU) don’t have a moment to wait in setting standards for the development and use of artificial intelligence (AI). “If the US and EU don’t show up,” she warned, “China will, [and] autocracies will.”

If the US and EU don’t set AI standards, China will first, say Gina Raimondo and Margrethe Vestager – Atlantic Council

2 – (Valerie Wirtschafter – Brookings) The influence of the online ecosystem in shaping democratic discourse is well-documented, with the expanded reach of generative artificial intelligence (AI) representing a novel challenge in a historic election year. Generative AI enables the creation of realistic images, videos, audio, or text based on user-provided prompts. Given the potential exploitation of this technology, particularly in the context of elections, it has garnered significant attention.

The impact of generative AI in a global election year | Brookings

3 – (Jeremy Jurgens – World Economic Forum) Contrary to the hype, the more robust discussions around artificial intelligence (AI) and emerging tech revealed a notable convergence of viewpoints. There were also serious conversations around other key issues: the digital divide, the coming quantum economy, space technology and climate change, and the development of sector-specific regulation around AI governance. The focus should now be on a conscious approach to AI – it’s application across sectors and its interface with other technologies – and an unwavering commitment to putting people first.

5 things to know about AI and emerging tech at Davos 2024 | World Economic Forum (weforum.org)

G7

(Paolo Messa, Karim Mezran – Atlantic Council) As it begins its Group of Seven (G7) presidency, Italy has an opportunity to leverage its unique historical and cultural perspective to act as a bridge-builder between the “West” and the “Rest” of the world. Indeed, it must do so, because a more inclusive and collaborative approach between these two blocs has become an imperative

Italy’s G7 presidency can be a breakthrough for the ‘West’ and the ‘Rest’ – Atlantic Council

Horn of Africa

(George Hancock – RUSI) While the US and the UK attempt to contain Houthi attacks in the Bab al-Mandab and Red Sea, Somali pirates have made a daring comeback off the Horn of Africa

Piracy is Back in the Horn of Africa – What’s Behind its Return? | Royal United Services Institute (rusi.org)

Indonesia

(Yoes Kenawas – East Asia Forum) Indonesian politics experienced significant plot twists in 2023, with President Joko ‘Jokowi’ Widodo emerging as a central figure and orchestrating seasoned tactical moves in the lead up to 2024’s presidential and legislative elections. The political landscape was dominated by elite interests with minimal public participation, while ideological distinctions between candidates were blurred

Jokowi is now Indonesia’s kingmaker | East Asia Forum

Israel

(Liam O’Shea – RUSI) Public support for Israel is in decline in the West and low in emerging economies. A much less violent security strategy is needed to enhance its image, and that of its allies

Israel and the West’s Future Reputational Problem | Royal United Services Institute (rusi.org)

Near East

(Allison Minor, Kevin Huggard – Brookings) How the Houthis joined the Israel-Gaza crisis

How the Houthis joined the Israel-Gaza crisis | Brookings

Pakistan 

(Farzana Shaikh – Chatham House) Pakistan faces formidable economic and political challenges, but without a credible result in the elections scheduled for 8 February it stands little chance of overcoming them. The repercussions could extend beyond Pakistan’s borders, affecting regional stability and increasing pressure on Western governments as a growing number of Pakistanis leave their country in search of a more secure future abroad

Pakistan must ensure free and fair elections to avert a meltdown | Chatham House – International Affairs Think Tank

Russia – NATO

(Sidharth Kaushal, René Balletta – RUSI) A paper seeks to answer how Allied maritime power can best contribute to competition with Russia

An Asymmetric Approach to the Use of Maritime Forces in Competing with Russia | Royal United Services Institute (rusi.org)

Russia – Ukraine

(Daniel Fried – The Jerusalem Strategic Tribune) With support from Europe, the United States, and others, Ukraine has held off – and in part, beaten back – Russia’s campaign of conquest and subjugation. But Ukraine has not won, Putin seems determined to fight on, and the West seems beset by doubts as to whether continuing to back Ukraine is practical or worth the investment. Lessons learned the hard way in the 20th century – among them that aggressive dictators need to be stopped and people willing to fight for their freedom need to be supported – are in danger of being lost once again.

After Two Years of War: The West’s Strategic Choice in Ukraine – The Jerusalem Strategic Tribune (jstribune.com)

Space

(Melissa J. Durkee – CIGI) In a mission that builds on both public and private contributions, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) recently launched a spacecraft destined for the asteroid Psyche, a curious object just beyond Mars that might be made of metal. The interstellar mission is run by the US space agency, was launched aboard a SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket and features a principal investigator from Arizona State University, Professor Lindy Elkins-Tanton

The Rush into Space Is Producing a Perilous Legal Fragmentation – Centre for International Governance Innovation (cigionline.org)

Western Sahara – UK – Morocco

(Sir Simon Mayall KBE CB – RUSi) The situation in the Western Sahara might appear to be just another ‘frozen conflict’ in a world increasingly defined by crises. But there is a workable solution on the table, and the UK should give the Moroccan plan its full backing

The UK Should Support Morocco’s Autonomy Plan for Western Sahara | Royal United Services Institute (rusi.org)

 

The Science of Where Magazine (Direttore: Emilio Albertario)

 

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