Categorie
Giudizio storico Pensiero Strategico Progetto di civiltà

Glocalità e generatività dei territori – Glocality and generativity of the territories

La glocalità va costruita politicamente. La grande sfida geostrategica del tempo che viviamo riguarda il futuro di ciò che chiamiamo globalizzazione.

Tanto si è scritto sulla necessità di una globalizzazione meno selvaggia, più umana. Tutto questo non può essere raggiunto se operiamo attraverso i paradigmi attuali, se, cioé, non cambiamo via. Sullo sfondo del nostro agire c’è sempre il tema della sostenibilità sistemica che, come abbiamo scritto, non riguarda solo il rapporto dell’uomo con la natura ma ha un impianto complesso che impatta direttamente sulla nostra sicurezza quotidiana.

Abbiamo passato tre decenni nella certezza di un modello top-down, competitivo e che è passato attraverso crisi profondissime che sono ancora tra noi in termini di erosione progressiva della coesione sociale, soprattutto nelle democrazie liberali. E’ mancata la risposta culturale e politica alla globalizzazione.

La via da percorrere, utilizzando paradigmi nuovi e non più novecenteschi, è la generatività dei territori in un processo glocale. Non dobbiamo pensare in termini di modelli lineari ma guardando a un processo complesso. La certezza del modello globalizzato va ri-pensata nell’incertezza del processo glocale.

Non ci può essere sostenibilità sistemica se i territori vengono sacrificati in nome del modello globalizzato. Il tema è lavorare sulla centralità dei territori nel processo glocale perché i territori sono luoghi della prossimità per la relazione (guardando alla ri-costruzione dello spazio comune) e sono poli strategici glocali (si pensi all’importanza delle città, non solo guardando alla urbanizzazione crescente).

Tutto questo, secondo noi, costituisce la nuova frontiera della politica.

English version 

Glocality must be built politically. The great geostrategic challenge of our historical time concerns the future of what we call globalization.

Much has been written about the need for a less savage, more humane globalization. All this cannot be achieved if we operate through the current paradigms: we have to change the way. In the background of our actions there is always the issue of systemic sustainability which, as we have written, does not only concern the relationship of man with nature but is a complex system that directly impacts our daily security.

We have spent three decades in the certainty of a top-down, competitive model that has gone through very deep crises that are still among us in terms of the progressive erosion of social cohesion, especially in liberal democracies. There has been no cultural and political response to globalization.

The way to go, using new and no longer twentieth-century paradigms, is the generativity of territories in a glocal process. We don’t have to think in terms of linear models but by looking at a complex process. The certainty of the globalized model must be rethought in the uncertainty of the glocal process.

There can be no systemic sustainability if territories are sacrificed in the name of the globalized model. The theme is to work on the centrality of territories in the glocal process because territories are places of proximity for relationship (looking at the re-construction of the common space) and are strategic glocal poles (think of the importance of cities, not just looking at increasing urbanization).

All this, in our opinion, constitutes the new frontier of politics.

Riflessioni collegate

FROM GLOBAL THINK TANKS – DAILY NEWSLETTER

Around the world: Angola, Azerbaijan-Uzbekistan, China, China-Indonesia, Iraq, Latin America, Myanmar,  Papua New Guinea, Russia-Iran, Russia-Ukraine, Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka-India, South China Sea, Tunisia, Turkey-Kurds, USA, Vietnam

Topics: Climate Change & Sustainability, Cybersecurity, Defense-Intelligence-Military-Security-Space, Digital & Tech, Energy, Future of Work, Global Economy, Health & Digital, Migration, Rare Earths

AROUND THE WORLD

Angola

  • July 26, 2022. Alex Vines OBE, Chatham House. The electoral contest in Angola – which officially started on 24 July – is fiercely competitive. An Afrobarometer survey in May found the opposition National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) party was trailing the governing Movement for Popular Liberation of Angola (MPLA) party by just seven percentage points, with around half of voters still undecided. Angola’s fifth multiparty election: Continuity or change?

Azerbaijan – Uzbekistan

  • July 26, 2022. Rusif Huseynov, The Jamestown Foundation. On June 21, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev paid a two-day official visit to Uzbekistan, where he met with his counterpart, Uzbekistani President Shavkat Mirziyoyev. Almost 20 documents, including a declaration on deepening strategic partnership and expanding comprehensive cooperation, were signed by the two delegations during the visit (Uzdaily.uz, June 21). Aliyev’s Visit to Uzbekistan: Expanding Connectivity Between Caucasus and Central Asia

China

  • July 27, 2022. Yu Sheng, East Asia Forum. China has made great efforts to meet increasing domestic food demand over the past four decades. From 1978–2021, China’s real agricultural output grew on average 5.4 per cent a year (over five times the population growth), with increased diversification towards high protein and high-value products. Yet a substantial gap remains between food demand and domestic supply — and is expected to increase. Can aquaculture meet China’s demand for food?

China – Indonesia

  • July 27, 2022. Cao Siqi, Wan Hengyi and Zhang Changyue, Global Times. In a cordial and friendly atmosphere, Chinese President Xi Jinping held talks with Indonesian President Joko Widodo on Tuesday in Beijing, hailing a sound China-Indonesia relationship has positive, far-reaching regional and global impacts and stressing the strong commitment of the two sides to growing their bilateral ties as President Widodo is the first head of state China hosts after the Beijing Olympic Winter Games. China, Indonesia deepen ties, inject stability to region, world in international landscape full of uncertainties

Iraq

  • July 27, 2022. Hayder Al-Shakeri, Chatham House. As Iraq’s political stalemate persists, many observers expect protests will erupt over the country’s worsening socio-economic situation, the increasing effects of climate change – such as heat waves and dust storms – and a lack of political will to change the status quo. The young people who played a crucial role in previous protests have once again been excluded from critical debates. The aspirations and disillusionment of Iraq’s youth

Latin America

Myanmar

  • July 27, 2022.  and , The Strategist. On Friday, the International Court of Justice announced that it had comprehensively rejected Myanmar’s objections to the continuation of the genocide case brought against it by the Republic of the Gambia over the treatment of Myanmar’s Rohingya ethnic minority. In a small but important victory for international justice, the case can now continue on to a final determination of Myanmar’s responsibility for genocide. International court rejects Myanmar’s bid to halt genocide case

Papua New Guinea

  • July 27, 2022. Maholopa Laveil, The Interpreter. Violence is a mainstay of Papua New Guinea’s elections. As I write this article, tensions are high in the capital Port Moresby. Reports of machete wielding men slashing innocent by-standers along the city’s main roads and fears of retaliation fill my social media feed. Schools and business houses have closed, with many residents staying indoors. PNG’s election a violent event

Russia – Iran

  • July 26, 2022. Paul Globe, The Jamestown Foundation. In the run-up to the June 2022 Caspian Summit in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, Moscow had expected that Tehran, animated by the same anti-Western attitudes as Russia, would cooperate closely in the opening of a north-south transportation route between Russia and the Indian Ocean. This plan would allow Russia to effectively circumvent Western sanctions. Yet, as continuing disagreements between Iran and the other Caspian littoral states were highlighted at the meeting, the Kremlin’s hopes for such an approach are a tad premature and may give way to new concerns about Iran’s projection of naval power in the Caspian and the risk that this could lead to new tensions in the Caspian, which the Russian government will find difficult, if not impossible, to resolve. Iran’s Position on Caspian Seriously Impedes Moscow’s Plans to End Sanctions

Russia – Ukraine

  • July 27, 2022. DW. The dispute over millions of tons of grain stuck in Ukraine could finally be over after the country reached an agreement with Russia to resume exports. What does that mean for the world? Five facts on grain and the war in Ukraine
  • July 27, 2022. DW. Ukraine’s navy said work had resumed at three ports following a UN-brokered grain export deal. Meanwhile, Ukraine struck a bridge over the Dnieper river on a significant Russian resupply route. DW rounds up the latest. Russia-Ukraine updates: Ukraine resumes operations at 3 ports for grain shipment
  • July 26, 2022. Vadim Shtepa, The Jamestown Foundation. The Russian full-scale re-invasion against Ukraine, launched in February 2022, was initially explained as the desire for “denazification” of Kyiv. This meant a struggle against the national self-determination of Ukraine, which entered into an insurmountable conflict with Kremlin imperialism. However, in the protracted war, Moscow has started to rely on national movements. In June 2022, the formation of “volunteer national battalions” began in Russian regions, and the authorities intend to send them en masse to the Ukrainian front. Will the Kremlin Send New ‘Savage Divisions’ to Ukraine?
  • July 26, 2022. Karolina Hird, Kateryna Stepanenko, Katherine Lawlor, Layne Philipson, and Frederick W. Kagan, ISW. Russian-backed proxy leadership continues to enunciate deadlines for the capture of additional Ukrainian territory, likely to support ongoing preparations for referenda on the annexation of these territories to the Russian Federation.Donetsk People’s Republic (DNR) Deputy Minister of Information Daniil Bezsonov stated on July 25 that the DNR expects to capture the entirety of Donetsk Oblast by the end of August. Various Russian and Western sources have previously reported that Russia intends to hold referenda in occupied areas by the first half of September, likely sometime around September 11, which is the unified voting day in the Russian Federation. Proxy leadership and Russian-backed occupation authorities are likely pushing for deadlines for military objectives to support condition setting for expedited annexation objectives, although Russian forces remain unlikely to occupy significant additional territory in Ukraine before the early autumn annexation timeline. Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, July 26

Sri Lanka

  • July 27, 2022. DW. As unrest over the economic crisis continues, lawmakers have extended the executive’s emergency powers. Meanwhile, Singapore extended former Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s permission to stay. Sri Lanka extends state of emergency for a month

Sri Lanka – India

South China Sea

  • July 27, 2022. Cao Siqi and Xing Xiaojing, Global Times. The Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DOC) is the first major political document on the South China Sea issue signed by China and ASEAN members. In accordance with the spirit of the DOC, disputes in the South China Sea should be resolved through friendly consultation and negotiation between the countries concerned in the South China Sea, while peace and stability in the region should be jointly maintained by China and ASEAN members, stressed Hong Liang, Director General of the Department of Boundary and Ocean Affairs of the Chinese Foreign Ministry, at the symposium commemorating the 20th anniversary of the signing of the DOC held in Beijing on Monday. Exclusive: Code of Conduct in South China Sea will definitely be reached: Chinese official on ocean affairs

Tunisia

  • July 26, 2022. Karim MezranEmadeddin BadiAlia BrahimiAlessia Melcangi, and Alissa Pavia, Atlantic Council. On July 25, Tunisian voters approved the president’s proposed new constitution, to replace the 2014 one adopted by the Constitutional Assembly of Tunisia in the wake of the 2011 Arab Spring. While only 27.5 percent of the country cast a vote, exit polls indicated that more than 90 percent of those who cast a ballot did support the changes. The new constitution will allow President Kais Saied to rule by decree until new elections are held in December 2022. Additionally, it will allow the president to directly oversee the government, shifting from a parliamentary to a presidential system. A year after Saied’s decision to sack the prime minister and freeze parliament (which he later dissolved), critics argue that the country’s post-Arab Spring democratic transition is under assault. Those in favor of Saied’s moves claim he is ridding the country of inept and corrupt leaders who have been unable to govern the country and that he will be able to lift Tunisia out of hardship and poverty. We reached out to our experts for their thoughts on the vote and what it means for North Africa writ large.  Experts react: Tunisia’s president cemented his power grab with a referendum vote. What does it mean for North Africa?

Turkey – Kurds

USA

Vietnam

  • July 27, 2022. Thư Nguyễn Hoàng Anh, The Interpreter. Illegal fishing activities conducted by Vietnamese vessels have spiked during the first six months of 2022, with most boats caught encroaching into the waters of IndonesiaThailand and Malaysia. Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing has long been a conundrum for Vietnam. In October 2017, the country was issued with a “yellow card” by the European Commission (EC) to signal a judgement that Vietnam had made inadequate efforts to combat the practice.  What Vietnam can learn from Thailand’s fight against illegal fishing

TOPICS

Climate Change & Sustainability

Cybersecurity

Defense – Intelligence – Military – Security – Space

Digital & Tech

Energy

  • July 26, 2022. Nikolay Kozhanov, Chatham House. US president Joe Biden’s recent trip to Saudi Arabia as a part of his Middle Eastern tour was not a failure as the Russian propaganda tried to present it. Timing is the key to the Gulf replacing Russian oil
  • July 27, 2022. , Project-Syndicate, The Strategist. Russia’s war in Ukraine and the disruption of Russian gas exports to Europe has triggered an energy crunch, with price spikes unlike anything seen since 1973. And the situation will get worse before it gets better. Russian natural-gas flows to Europe are likely to be further curtailed—or even shut off—before the northern winter, and sanctions on oil exports may soon start to bite into energy supplies, too. Europe’s energy choice

Future of Work

  • July 27, 2022. Rolf Schmucker, Social Europe. During the pandemic, working from home has experienced an unprecedented boom. According to many observers, the associated changes in work organisation and processes will frame the work of the future. ‘Hybrid’ working at different, self-chosen locations—in the office, at home, on the road—is set to become the ‘new normal’ of the working world. Blurring of boundaries in work’s ‘new normal’

Global Economy

  • July 26, 2022. Bennett Freeman, Chatham House. The massive exit of more than 1,000 international companies from Russia has surpassed – by a factor of nearly ten in merely four months – the number which pulled out of apartheid-led South Africa over an entire decade. Geopolitical corporate responsibility can drive change
  • July 27, 2022. Arti Grover, Kunal Dasgupta, World Bank blogs. International trade is an important driver of economic growth and a potential force that can change the geographic distribution of economic activity within countries. Recent trade liberalization in several countries has led to a reallocation of economic activity to coastal areas. Historically, coastal areas have also been favored for regional and international commerce – the global distribution of employment is skewed toward coastal areas where half of the world population lives within 100 kilometers of coastlines or navigable rivers, and 19 out of the 25 largest cities in the world are on the coast (Cosar and Fajgelbaum, 2016). With the growth of international trade, the question is, does globalization make regional inequality worse? The effect of external and internal trade costs on regional development
  • July 27, 2022.  Arthur Sullivan, DW. The world has been gripped by multiple shocks, from a surge in populism and trade barriers, to a global pandemic and a war in Europe. Globalization appears to be in retreat. Will we see the dawning a new economic era. The globalization backlash: A new world economic order?
  • July 26, 2022. William Reinsch, Grant Reynolds, CSIS. Both the U.S. government and the G7 are considering polices to simultaneously address high oil prices and inflation as well as Russia’s control over energy markets. However, the proposed U.S. crude oil export ban would do little reduce inflation, and instead could have the opposite effect of actually increasing U.S. gasoline prices. The effects of the G7 price cap, alternatively, would depend on a few key actors, namely Russia, China, and India. Ultimately, prices levels may eventually decrease not due to government intervention but rather because of growing fears of an economic downturn. Geopolitics of Oil and Inflation
  • July 26, 2022. Brookings. On Wednesday, July 13, the Global Economy and Development program at the Brookings Institution convened a panel of experts to answer pressing questions on the state of the global economyDavid Malpass, president of the World Bank Group, delivered introductory remarks on the deteriorating global growth outlook, touching on energy and food insecurity, capital misallocation, stagflation, and more. World Bank President David Malpass on the state of the global economy

Health & Digital

Migration

  • July 27, 2022. David McKenzie, World Bank blogs. Moving to a new city or country is costly, scary, and relatively few people do it. Only 3.5 percent of the global population lives in a different country from the one they were born in. Internal migration is harder to compare and aggregate, but UN data suggests approximately 763 million persons live within their own country but outside their region of birth – so in total, only around 1 in 7 of the World’s population have ever migrated even internally. This lack of movement matters a lot at both the personal and societal levels. It means most people’s incomes are determined by local labor market opportunities, and that the development process of reallocation of labor from less productive to more productive areas is limited. Migration and the multiverse

Rare Earths

  • July 27, 2022. Nik Martin, DW. Turkey has announced the world’s second-largest deposit of critical metals needed to build electric cars and wind turbines. But is the grade good enough and can Ankara end China’s dominance? Doubts grow over Turkey′s huge discovery of rare earths