Categories
Giudizio storico Pensiero Strategico Progetto di civiltà

La trasformazione politica – The political transformation

Focalizziamo l’attenzione sul processo di trasformazione politica. Ciò a cui dobbiamo porre crescente consapevolezza è la compresenza della megacrisi in atto, sempre più in chiave de-generativa, e del progressivo svuotamento dello “spazio comune”. Si tratta di un mix esplosivo, di una situazione che, nel nostro tempo, mette a dura prova l’idea di sostenibilità complessa del sistema-mondo.

La sostenibilità complessa può essere immaginata solo a partire da un pensiero adeguato, non più solo lineare e competitivo, e da una nuova creatività politica a partire dallo “spazio comune”. Servono visioni nell’oltre, un quadro di riferimento per comprendere e per governare il futuro già presente. Tutto ciò che accade ci dà segnali chiari di ciò che vivremo. E non basta più evocare soluzioni che potevano funzionare per un mondo che non c’è più.

La fine del mondo bi-polare ha fatto emergere, sul palcoscenico della storia, la de-generazione di crisi antiche. Dopo trentatre anni dalla caduta del muro di Berlino, pur se grazie all’ultima fase della globalizzazione in molti sono usciti dalla povertà materiale, abbiamo un mondo “ricco” di muri (culturali e fisici) e d’infiniti scontri interstatuali, regionali e globali (ultima, in ordine di tempo, la guerra in Ucraina, prima guerra ibrida del XXI secolo nel cuore dell’Europa). La realtà di un mondo disuguale e sregolato è sotto i nostri occhi, così come la difficoltà di organizzare sistemi di regole in grado di indirizzare secondo pace e giustizia i processi storici. In questo contesto, la rivoluzione tecnologica è entrata come un fiume in piena a costruire nuovi significati e nuove possibilità di relazione, a darci nuove prospettive ma anche a farci vivere nuovi rischi che, impalpabili e asimmetrici, ci condizionano pesantemente.

La trasformazione politica è la scelta di responsabilità storica non attuata negli ultimo decenni. Non che non ci siano stati stravolgimenti nei sistemi politici ma, secondo noi, non c’è stata una ri-appropriazione strategica della politica e un ri-pensamento profondo di mediazioni e visioni complesse e sistemiche. Il fatto stesso, per cominciare, che la megacrisi venga considerata come una sommatoria di crisi e non come la loro interrelazione indica il punto in cui ci troviamo. Forse la pandemia e la guerra in Ucraina ci hanno convinti a lavorare sulla evoluzione di un mondo inter-in-dipendente. Ma sembriamo non avere gli strumenti culturali adeguati e, in tal modo, le soluzioni che spesso si prospettano sono ancora settoriali e limitate a salvaguardare quegli interessi nazionali che, pur se importanti, non rappresentano più il centro di un agire politico di un mondo che definiamo “in progress”, alla ricerca di un ordine che non avrà mai più le caratteristiche di quello pre-9 novembre 1989.

La trasformazione politica riguarda anzitutto ciascuno di noi e il suo ruolo originale e autonomo nei mondi e nel mondo. Di conseguenza, tale trasformazione si deve allargare ai sistemi politici (ben distinguendo, sia chiaro, tra sistemi democratici e non). Abbiamo costruito un mondo di mondi in difesa, in crescente ricerca di immunizzazione dall’esterno, radicalizzati in identità che spesso cercano giustificazione in male intese tradizioni religiose. Siamo dentro un mondo competitivo e profondamente diviso al suo interno, non dialogante. Certo gli scambi economico-commerciali continuano ma è la sostenibilità complessiva e complessa a doverci preoccupare. La megacrisi, che riguarda tutti gli ambiti della nostra convivenza, dovrebbe chiamarci a nuove responsabilità politiche di dialogo, di cooperazione nella competizione, di de-radicalizzazione nell’auto-critica: con un pensiero complesso, ci vuole una trasformazione politica radicale.

Le ombre della storia continueranno a esistere. Non è negandole che avremo maggior luce e che il destino sarà migliore. Se la trasformazione politica riguarda ciascuno di noi è perché le ombre della storia ci appartengono, sono parte della nostra esperienza di vita. Ragionare politicamente secondo complessità significa tenere insieme tutti gli elementi di realtà, tessere realtà, ri-congiungere ciò che è disperso. Come può essere sostenibile un mondo nel quale i mondi sono così divisi ?

English version

We focus attention on the process of political transformation. Our increasing awareness is to the coexistence of the megacrisis in progress, more and more in a de-generative key, and of the progressive emptying of the “common space”. It is an explosive mix, a situation that, in our time, puts a strain on the idea of complex sustainability of the world-system.

Complex sustainability can only be imagined starting from an adequate thought, no longer just linear and competitive, and from a new political creativity starting from the “common space”. We need visions into the beyond, a framework to understand and govern the future that is already present. Everything that happens gives us clear signals of what we will experience. And it is no longer enough to evoke solutions that could work for a world that no longer exists.

The end of the bi-polar world has brought out, on the stage of history, the de-generation of ancient crises. Thirty-three years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, even though many have emerged from material poverty thanks to the last phase of globalization, we have a world “rich” in walls (cultural and physical) and endless interstate, regional and global clashes. (last, in chronological order, the war in Ukraine, the first hybrid war of the 21st century in the heart of Europe). The reality of an unequal and unregulated world is under our eyes, as is the difficulty of organizing systems of rules capable of directing historical processes according to peace and justice. In this context, the technological revolution has entered like a river in flood to build new meanings and new possibilities for relationships, to give us new perspectives but also to make us experience new risks which, intangible and asymmetrical, heavily affect us.

Political transformation is the choice of historical responsibility not implemented in the last decades. Not that there have been no upheavals in political systems but, in our opinion, there has not been a strategic re-appropriation of politics and a profound re-thinking of complex and systemic mediations and visions. The very fact, to begin with, that megacrisis is seen as a sum of crises and not as their interrelation indicates where we are. Perhaps the pandemic and the war in Ukraine convinced us to work on the evolution of an inter-in-dependent world. But we do not seem to have the appropriate cultural tools and, in this way, the solutions that often lie ahead are still sectoral and limited to safeguarding those national interests which, although important, no longer represent the center of political action in a world that we define “in progress”, in search of an order that will never again have the characteristics of the one pre-9 November 1989.

Political transformation concerns first of all each of us and its original and autonomous role in worlds and in the world. Consequently, this transformation must extend to political systems (clearly distinguishing between democratic and non-democratic systems). We have built a world of defensive worlds, increasingly seeking external immunization, radicalized in identities that often seek justification in misunderstood religious traditions. We are in a competitive world that is deeply divided within it, not in dialogue. Of course, economic and commercial exchanges continue but is the systemic and complex sustainability that must worry us. The megacrisis, which affects all areas of our coexistence, should call us to new political responsibilities of dialogue, of cooperation in competition, of de-radicalization in self-criticism: with a complex thought, a radical political transformation is needed.

The shadows of history will continue to exist. It is not by denying them that we will have more light and that destiny will be better. If political transformation affects each of us, it is because the shadows of history belong to us, part of our life experience. Reasoning politically according to complexity means keeping all the elements of reality together, weaving reality, re-joining what is lost. How can a world  in which worlds are so divided be sustainable ?

Riflessioni collegate

FROM GLOBAL THINK TANKS – DAILY NEWSLETTER

with The Science of Where Magazine

Around the world: Australia; China; China-Australia; China-USA; Russia-Ukraine; Southeast Asia

Topics: Cybersecurity; Defense-Intelligence-Military-Security-Space; Health & Digital

AROUND THE WORLD

Australia

China

  • August 1, 2022. Mercedes Page, The Interpreter. Overshadowed somewhat by the ongoing attention on China’s development efforts in the Pacific, last month China’s President Xi Jinping hosted a virtual High-Level Dialogue on Global Development on the sidelines of the BRICS Summit. The dialogue was noteworthy not only because of its lengthy list of 32 deliverables – some which have significant ramifications outside of the development sphere – but because it officially reframed China’s development efforts under the banner of its new “Global Development Initiative”. Unpacking China’s Global Development Initiative

China – Australia

  • August 1, 2022. , The Strategist. Beijing’s creation of a new state-owned company to centralise China’s purchases of iron ore and other metal resources is unlikely to have much impact while markets are tight and prices are high, but it could become a weapon against Australia in the event of an iron ore glut. China’s new resource company could sideline Australian iron ore

China – USA

  • August 1, 2022. Global Times. The US’ so-called Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act (UFLPA), which has been widely described as an “evil bill,” may be aimed at cracking down on products and industries in Northwest China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region as part of a broader campaign to contain China, but its implications are global and severe, because Xinjiang is deeply embedded in the global supply chain in many areas, according to a Global Times investigation into the act’s impact on global supply chains. GT Investigates: US ‘evil bill’ against Xinjiang wreaks havoc on global supply chains, green push

Russia – Ukraine

  • August 1, 2022. Richard Oscar, Lawfare. The war in Ukraine has disrupted the international order, reenergizing the NATO alliance and reimagining the specter of war in Europe. It has also triggered a warp-speed rollout of sanctions, which have, alongside the export of weapons and materiel to Ukraine, constituted the primary international response to Russia’s aggression. The War in Ukraine: A New Paradigm of Sanctions Practice

Southeast Asia

TOPICS

Cybersecurity

  • August 1, 2022. , Infosecurity. Security researchers are warning of a new phishing campaign which tries to hurry users into making poor decisions by presenting them with a countdown clock. Countdown Clock Puts Pressure on Phishing Targets
  • August 1, 2022. , Infosecurity. The security operations center (SOC) has evolved through the years in line with the threat landscape. Once the preserve of government and military organizations, it is increasingly recommended for enterprises of all sizes, even SMBs. However, building a dedicated team and facility to monitor threats 24/7/365 is not easy. Skills and funds are in short supply. That’s why many companies are handing these responsibilities over to a trusted third party. However, deciding to outsource is just the first step. Next comes the hard part – choosing the right provider. #HowTo: Find the Right SOC Provider
  • August 1, 2022. , Infosecurity. Security researchers have uncovered a massive investment fraud campaign targeting European victims via online and phone channels. Giant Investment Scam Network Targets Victims with Phone Calls

Defense – Intelligence – Military – Security – Space

  • August 1, Megan Eckstein, Defense News. The U.S. is closer to conflict in the Pacific than it is to peace, the head of U.S. 3rd Fleet said, and the command structure must change to reflect that. 3rd Fleet boss proposes new group to coordinate Pacific security
  • August 1, 2022. Katherine Yon Ebright, Defense One. Congress may be sleepwalking the United States into war, potentially with a nuclear state. A provision in the recently passed House version of the 2023 National Defense Authorization Act would expand the U.S. military’s ability to use proxy forces for “irregular warfare” operations against Iran, North Korea, Russia, and China. It’s not clear how many lawmakers were aware of the provision—much less considered how the military’s use of foreign proxies can escalate into direct military conflict. The Senate should reject this dangerous measure in its consideration of the bill. House’s ‘Irregular Warfare’ Provision Risks Unintended War
  • August 1, 2022. Guo Yuandan and Liu Xuanzun, Global Times. This year marks the 95th founding anniversary of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), which emerged from the flames of war, fought against various powerful opponents, and triumphed. State Councilor and Defense Minister Wei Fenghe pointed out in his speech at the 19th Shangri-La Dialogue that the Chinese people who have endured countless hardships love and cherish peace more than anyone else. China firmly safeguards world peace and stability, with “a total of 41 task forces of more than 120 vessels having escorted more than 7,000 Chinese and foreign ships. The development of the Chinese armed forces always contributes to the growth of a push toward world peace.”. PLA Navy’s 14 years of missions in blue waters safeguard intl trade routes, win more overseas recognition
  • August 1, 2022. Global Times. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Eastern Theater Command has recently organized naval aviation force to conduct mock air combat training after midnight, aiming to promote the pilots’ ability to quickly enter combat status for abnormal situations at any time. PLA conducts mock night time drills amid Pelosi’s possible Taiwan visit
  • August 1, 2022. Theresa Hitchens, Breaking Defense. Air Force Secretary Frank Kendall and National Reconnaissance Office Director Chris Scolese have an “informal agreement” to work together to rapidly supply timely intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) information to battlefield commanders — one that Kendall recently revealed for the first time could lead to co-funded projects. NRO, Air Force may co-fund future space-based ISR tech: Kendall
  • August 1, 2022. Breaking Defense. Raytheon Missiles & Defense is developing high-power microwaves as part of layered air defenses. Hypersonic weapons meet speed-of-light defenses
  • August 1, 2022. Peter Ong, Naval News. Naval News reached out to the U.S. Navy’s Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) in July 2022 with various follow-up questions to published Naval News stories and also asked about the status of some future ships. NAVSEA replied with additional, if brief, information. What NAVSEA is Working on in Mid-2022?
  • August 1, 2022. Seth J. Frantzman, Defense News. Israel is working on a system that will enable ground forces to use voice commands for unmanned systems. Want to chat with a drone? Israeli troops could soon do that
  • August 1, 2022. Mark Leonard, Project-Syndicate, The Strategist, Is Russia’s invasion of Ukraine merely the first in a series of conflicts that will make Europe seem more like the Middle East in the coming years? A Chinese academic who requested anonymity put that question to me last month, and his reasoning showed just how differently non-Westerners view a war that is reshaping the European geopolitical order. Russia’s war viewed from China
  • July 30, 2022. Ryosuke Hanada, East Asia Forum. Prime Minister Kishida Fumio has promised to ‘substantially increase’ Japan’s defence budget by the end of 2022. While some observers expect Japan to double defence spending over the next five years, the jury is still out. The ambitions of Japan’s defence spending hawks are at odds with with certain fiscal realities. The jury is still out on Japan’s defence spending

Health & Digital