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Geostrategic magazine

Le difficoltà dell’accordo sul nucleare con l’Iran (Tomiko Ichikawa, The Japan Institute of International Affairs)

The Iran nuclear negotiations among the countries concerned aimed at reviving the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) from which US President Trump withdrew in 2018 have been experiencing difficulties. President Biden had expressed a desire to return to the agreement even before he took office, but an agreement could not be reached before the end of Iranian President Rouhani’s term in the summer of 2021. Expectations for the resumption of Iranian oil exports rose in 2022 against a backdrop of high international energy prices following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. There were observations in the summer that an agreement to revive the JCPOA was close. However, negotiations have stalled since then, and momentum for reviving the JCPOA appears to be waning amid growing criticism of Iran by Western countries over the issue of hijab wearing by women, which has led to unusually large demonstrations in Iran, and the provision of drones to Russia. While there are various points to consider in working to revive the JCPOA, it can be seen from the statements of the countries concerned that one factor stalling the negotiations is the difference in their positions over the clarification of Iran’s alleged past nuclear activities. This issue embodies the fundamental problem that has persisted since Iran’s nuclear program was revealed and the difficulties in resolving it, with the past casting a dark shadow over the present.

The Japan Institute of International Affairs (jiia.or.jp)