JEREMY VEILLARD, AAKASH MOHPAL, GABRIEL AGUIRRE MARTENS, MARÍA INÉS BADIN write: Peru is among the world’s hardest-hit countries by the pandemic. To date, it has the largest number of COVID-19 deaths per capita in the world. It turns out that the lockdown established in the country in May last year was only respected in richer parts of the country. Was this foreseeable in existing data? Yes. As revealed in Peru’s National Household Survey (ENAHO), only 22% of poor households own a refrigerator, and hence, shop for groceries on a daily basis. Studies conducted in markets by Peru’s National Health Institute detected the virus in 8 out of 10 of market workers.
go to World Bank blogs: Better data for safe economic reactivation (worldbank.org)