(Philippines) Realizing the “transformational trilogy” of social protection delivery in the Philippines (Yoonyoung Cho, World Bank blogs)

Manuel, a 43-year-old cook at a local restaurant in San Jose, Rizal, Philippines who lost his job during the COVID-19 lockdown in March, had been waiting for 9 hours in an endless line outside his barangay hall (community center). The harrowing thought of contracting the virus from the crowd briefly occurred to him, but for the prospect of receiving 5,000 to 8,000 pesos (approximately US$100-$160) from the government’s social assistance program, it seemed worth the trouble.