The Quad, a “minilateral” grouping of Australia, India, Japan and the United States has made a recent resurgence. First initiated in 2007, the Quad was abandoned until 2017 when the four nations revived it. Since the first leaders-level summit in March last year, there have been three more, with a fifth set in Sydney in mid-2023. At each, the scope of the Quad’s initiatives has increased. While the first summit focused on vaccine production, climate change, and technology, subsequent meetings added new efforts. These include infrastructure building, people-to-people ties, space, cybersecurity, maritime domain awareness, as well as humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR).