Categorie
Turkey/Afghanistan

Calculations in Kabul. Turkey’s success in finding a role in Afghanistan could bring its leadership valuable benefits (Marc Pierini, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)

After initially offering to secure and run Kabul airport, Turkey is now trying to find a role for itself after the Taliban’s sweeping victory in Afghanistan and the massive civilian and military evacuation that ended on August 30. At this point, however, it is not clear how much Ankara can achieve in the country and at what price.

Calculations in Kabul – Carnegie Middle East Center – Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (carnegie-mec.org)

Categorie
Uncategorized

North Korea. What the Restarting of North Korea’s Yongbyon Reactor Means (Ankit Panda, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)

North Korea’s five-megawatt electrical reactor at its Yongbyon complex appears to be back up and running. The director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has assessed that “since early July 2021, there have been indications, including the discharge of cooling water, consistent with the operation of the reactor.” In the past, North Korea has reprocessed spent fuel rods from this reactor to produce plutonium for its arsenal of nuclear weapons. This remains the primary purpose of the reactor today.

What the Restarting of North Korea’s Yongbyon Reactor Means – Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Categorie
Uncategorized

Afghanistan/USA. Corruption and Self-Dealing in Afghanistan and Other U.S.-Backed Security Sectors (Jodi Vittori, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)

In the wake of Kabul’s fall, it is worth asking: How did corruption help lead to the collapse of the Afghan security forces and the triumph of the Taliban? The answer lies in a famous quote from the novel The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway. A character named Mike Campbell is asked how he went bankrupt. “Two ways,” he replies. “Gradually, then suddenly.”

Corruption and Self-Dealing in Afghanistan and Other U.S.-Backed Security Sectors – Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Categorie
Analysis

(Africa) Vaccine Geopolitics Could Derail Africa’s Post-Pandemic Recovery (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)

ZAINAB USMAN

If 2020 was the year of the coronavirus pandemic, then 2021 is shaping up to be the year of the vaccine.

https://carnegieendowment.org/2021/02/24/vaccine-geopolitics-could-derail-africa-s-post-pandemic-recovery-pub-83928

Categorie
Analysis

INDIA/BIOLOGICAL RISKS – Biological Risks in India: Perspectives and Analysis (Shruti Sharma, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)

India faces a host of biological risk factors. Drawing lessons from the coronavirus pandemic and prior biological disasters, India’s government should pursue new safety protocols and develop new institutions to manage future biological risk.

https://carnegieendowment.org/2020/12/09/biological-risks-in-india-perspectives-and-analysis-pub-83399

Categorie
Analysis

ARMS CONTROL – Revamping Nuclear Arms Control: Five Near-Term Proposals (James M. Acton, Thomas MacDonald, Pranay Vaddi, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)

To quickly lower the risk of nuclear escalation, manage arms racing, and avoid a breakdown in future treaty negotiations, the United States, Russia, and China should consider five politically binding proposals to build transparency and confidence.

https://carnegieendowment.org/2020/12/14/revamping-nuclear-arms-control-five-near-term-proposals-pub-83429