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New Transport Routes in Central Asia and Caucasus Trigger Intra-Regional Competition (Jamestown Foundation)

Paul Globe writes for Jamestown Foundation: Perhaps not surprisingly, the development of railways in Central Asia and of shipping routes and pipelines across the Caspian Sea are routinely characterized as elements of geopolitical competition among major outside powers, including Russia, China, Turkey, the United States, Iran and India (see EDM, February 19, 2013May 23, 2017March 21, 2019April 23, 2020December 15, 2020). But such a focus often overshadows the views and actions of the countries in the region, each of which is generally more concerned with boosting itself at the expense of regional competitors, even if that delays progress on vital projects.

go to Jamestown Foundation: New Transport Routes in Central Asia and Caucasus Trigger Intra-Regional Competition – Jamestown

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Russia/Caspian Sea – Russia’s Caspian Flotilla No Longer Only Force That Matters There (Paul Goble, The Jamestown Foundation)

Although Russia’s Caspian Flotilla remains the dominant naval force on the Caspian, it is not the only one that matters anymore. All four other littoral states—Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan—have been building up their own naval presences, particularly since various intra-regional disputes over access to oil and natural gas resources and infrastructure remain lively.

Russia’s Caspian Flotilla No Longer Only Force That Matters There – Jamestown

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(Caspian Sea) The Caspian Sea as Battleground (BESA Center)

Back in 1991, in the immediate wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Israel desk of Armenia’s foreign ministry—populated at the time by fluent Hebrew speakers—waited for a phone call that never came. The ministry was convinced that Israel, with whom Armenia shared an experience of genocide, was a natural ally. But Israel never made the call. Their shared experience could not compete with Armenia’s Turkic nemesis, Azerbaijan, with which Armenia was at war over Nagorno-Karabakh—a majority ethnic Armenian enclave on Azerbaijani territory.

https://besacenter.org/mideast-security-and-policy-studies/caspian-sea-battleground/

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AZERBAIJAN/EUROPE/CASPIAN SEA – Azerbaijan makes first direct gas deliveries to Europe from field in Caspian Sea (Al Arabiya)

Azerbaijan said Thursday it started gas deliveries to Europe from the Shah Deniz field in the Caspian Sea, part of a project aimed at reducing European dependence on Russian supplies.

https://englishbeta.alarabiya.net/en/business/energy/2020/12/31/Azerbaijan-makes-first-direct-gas-deliveries-to-Europe-from-field-in-Caspian-Sea