Categorie
Africa/Terrorism

Terrorism in Africa (Alex Vines OBE, Jon Wallace, Chatham House)

This article explains the history of terrorism in Africa, its causes, and future efforts to bring peace and stability. It focuses on certain nations in West and East Africa – Mali, Nigeria and Somalia.

To discuss terrorism in Africa it is essential to recognize the complexities involved. First, ‘terrorism’ is a problematic term. If terrorism is defined as the use of violence and intimidation against civilians, then some African governments have allegedly committed terrorist acts.

Terrorism in Africa | Chatham House – International Affairs Think Tank

Categorie
Europe/USA

US and European strategies for resilient supply chains (Marianne Schneider-Petsinger, Chatham House)

The US, the EU and the UK hold a leading position in international trade and the global economy, and enjoy wide-reaching economic partnerships with Asia-Pacific nations. Governments in the US and Europe have a critically important role to play in supporting firms’ efforts to build visible, agile and sustainable supply chains that have resilience against unexpected disruptions.

Geopolitical and trade tensions in recent years, and the shift towards digital, service-led and low-carbon economies, have driven the rethinking and restructuring of traditional, efficiency-oriented, global production networks, even before the disruptions of the COVID-19 pandemic.

This paper offers insights into how US and European governments can harness an array of public policy tools to protect strategic supply chains without sliding into protectionism and while managing resultant trade-offs.

The most sustainable opportunities will require a mix of approaches, ranging from reshoring production to establishing stockpiles of critical inputs, while collaborating at bilateral, regional and global level to reinforce the international trade system.

US and European strategies for resilient supply chains | Chatham House – International Affairs Think Tank

Categorie
Morocco

How Morocco’s Islamist party fell from grace (Mohammed Masbah, Chatham House)

Morocco’s experience with Islamists sets it apart from its neighbours. While Egypt and Tunisia have resorted to military and constitutional means to remove Islamists from power, Morocco’s moderate Islamist party, the PJD, were removed by the country’s citizens through the ballot box, without any direct intervention by the monarchy. This is the first time since the Arab Spring protests of 2011 that an Islamist party has been removed from power through the electoral process.

How Morocco’s Islamist party fell from grace | Chatham House – International Affairs Think Tank

Categorie
Abraham Accords/USA

The Abraham Accords one year on: A missed opportunity for Biden? (Sanam Vakil, Chatham House)

15 September 2021 marks the first anniversary of the Abraham Accords, the agreements that normalized ties between Israel, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Bahrain. At the time, the accords were portrayed as a barter ending Israeli annexation of the West Bank in exchange for normalization of ties with the UAE.

The Trump administration viewed them as a model for outsourcing regional security that would allow the US to prioritize its interests beyond the Middle East, a tectonic regional shift brokered by the United States. However, only Morocco and Sudan have so far followed suit and signed normalization agreements with Israel.

The Abraham Accords one year on: A missed opportunity for Biden? | Chatham House – International Affairs Think Tank

Categorie
Climate Change

Climate change risk assessment 2021 (Daniel Quiggin, Kris De Meyer, Lucy Hubble-Rose, Antony Froggatt, Chatham House)

At COP26, the governments of highly emitting countries will have a critical opportunity to accelerate emissions reductions through ambitious revisions of their nationally determined contributions (NDCs).

If emissions follow the trajectory set by current NDCs, there is a less than 5 per cent chance of keeping temperatures well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, and less than 1 per cent chance of reaching the 1.5°C target set by the 2015 Paris Agreement.

Unless NDCs are dramatically increased, and policy and delivery mechanisms are revised accordingly, many of the climate change impacts described in this research paper are likely to be locked in by 2040, and become so severe they go beyond the limits of what nations can adapt to.

As well as the immediate physical and socio-economic consequences of changes in climate, the paper captures the systemic cascading risks likely to arise as these direct risks and impacts compound to affect whole systems, including people, infrastructure, the economy, societal systems and ecosystems.

Climate change risk assessment 2021 | Chatham House – International Affairs Think Tank

Categorie
Uncategorized

9/11/Russia. Russia and 9/11: Roads not taken (James Nixey, Chatham House)

On 12 September 2001, Russian president Vladimir Putin was the first foreign leader to call George W. Bush to express his condolences – and to offer him support.

Just the previous year, Putin had said Russia joining NATO was a possibility and it suited Russia to draw parallels between the terrorist attacks on the US and its own ‘anti-terrorist’ campaign in Chechnya at the time.

Russia and 9/11: Roads not taken | Chatham House – International Affairs Think Tank

Categorie
Uncategorized

Afghanistan. Why Afghan nation-building was always destined to fail (Gareth Price, Chatham House)

The creation of a façade of a state in Afghanistan which melted away the moment international support was withdrawn has been interpreted as showing that nation-building is a fool’s errand and, in the case of a country already nicknamed the graveyard of empires, over-ambitious if not downright naïve.

Why Afghan nation-building was always destined to fail | Chatham House – International Affairs Think Tank

Categorie
Uncategorized

9/11. Out of Africa: Exploring the roots of the 9/11 attacks (Alex Vines OBE, Chatham House)

Osama Bin-Laden’s masterminding of the US embassy bombings in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam in August 1998 saw more than 200 people killed – including a friend of mine – in nearly simultaneous truck bomb explosions linked to local supporters of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad and Al-Qaeda

Out of Africa: Exploring the roots of the 9/11 attacks | Chatham House – International Affairs Think Tank

Categorie
Uncategorized

9/11/Arms Control. The dangerous impact of 9/11 on arms control measures (Patricia Lewis, Chatham House)

In the weeks following the 9/11 attacks, analysts said everything was going to change and they were proved right. Just as the decades following the two world wars were heavily influenced by their outcomes and atrocities, the ‘war on terror’ has been the backdrop and set the tone for most international interactions for the past 20 years.

The dangerous impact of 9/11 on arms control measures | Chatham House – International Affairs Think Tank

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