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Eastern Mediterranean/France/Germany. Conflicts in the EastMed: From Germany’s and France’s Conflicting Strategies to a Dual Approach (Laura Lale Kabis-Kechrid, IFRI)

Over the past years, the Eastern Mediterranean has become centerstage of an increasingly internationalized and militarized conflict driven by different albeit interlinked issues and an arena for a growing variety of actors to project their geopolitical ambitions.

– Even though Germany and France broadly share similar concerns regarding Turkey, their views differ on the question of how to best respond to Ankara, impacting the EU’s ability to respond to the arising challenges.

– Berlin has favored a more conciliatory approach, not least because Turkey remains an important albeit challenging partner for Berlin. Paris has come to see Turkey foremost as a geopolitical rival whose ambitions and disruptive policies need to be curbed by a harder EU line.

– Structural domestic differences and diverging threat perceptions shape differing responses even to converging concerns.

– The EU’s current “dual approach” attempts to bridge these differences. However, France and Germany need to clarify their common expectations to overcome their divergences regarding immediate interests and strategic outlooks.

Conflicts in the EastMed: From Germany’s and France’s Conflicting Strategies to a Dual Approach | IFRI – Institut français des relations internationales

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Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean – Turkey’s New Moves in the Eastern Mediterranean (BESA Center)

writes: In July 2021, Israel expressed full support to the Republic of Cyprus in the wake of the unilateral reopening of the Varosha coastline by Turkey. Last year, it also showed solidarity with Athens during Greek-Turkish tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean. While the tripartite partnership is progressing, Ankara is seeking to expand its footprint in the region and is pursuing a two-state solution in Cyprus. It is also applying a new foreign policy methodology to Greece while remaining adamant in its demands.

go to BESA Center: Turkey’s New Moves in the Eastern Mediterranean (besacenter.org)

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Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean – Blue Homeland: Turkey’s Strategy in the Eastern Mediterranean (Euractiv)

Antonia Colibasanu writes: As Turkey’s dreams of joining the European Union have faded, Ankara has shifted its strategy toward the West. Nowhere is this more evident than in the Eastern Mediterranean. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s latest moves – a visit to the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and the announcement of a resumption of Turkish energy exploration in the area – are meant to show that he will continue to pursue his neo-Ottoman “Mavi Vatan” (Blue Homeland) doctrine.

go to Euractiv: Blue Homeland: Turkey’s Strategy in the Eastern Mediterranean – EURACTIV.com

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Energy/Eastern Mediterranean – Energy: Factor of Stability or Conflict in the Eastern Mediterranean? (ELIAMEP)

Marika Karagianni writes:

  • Security of critical economic and energy infrastructure has become a key element in the agenda of both the EU and NATO.
  • The global balance between energy producers and energy importers needs also to be respected in order to secure the smooth operation of global economy and trade. Global energy organizations like OPEC and GAS OPEC see to that.
  • Constructive, multilateral energy diplomacy via the reinforcement of the EMGF (East Med Gas Forum) is considered as the optimum solution to any destabilizing factor in the region.
  • The Eastern Mediterranean has the potential to become a gas supply source for the EU in the future, alternatively to Russia, which is why it has been identified by Brussels as a future gas diversification source.
  • The official strategy of Cairo is to develop indigenous natural gas resources, with the double aim to increase gas production rates and to export significant amounts to Europe in the immediate future.
  • Egypt is bound to lead gas exports of the Eastern Mediterranean countries and diversification for Europe, through its LNG terminals. The East Med pipeline could follow later on.

go to ELIAMEP: Energy: Factor of Stability or Conflict in the Eastern Mediterranean? – Marika Karagianni : ΕΛΙΑΜΕΠ (eliamep.gr)

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Greece/Eastern Mediterranean – Greece in the eastern Mediterranean: Turning engagement into influence (Vassilis Ntousas, ECFR)

Greece is entangled in the remarkably swift geopolitical changes in the eastern Mediterranean. Athens has responded to the region’s explosive mix of competing maritime interests, energy claims, and military exercises by pursuing an increasingly proactive foreign policy, with the objective of gaining lasting influence there. This is a high-stakes game, but Athens has decided that it is worth the risks – and for good reasons.

Greece in the eastern Mediterranean: Turning engagement into influence – European Council on Foreign Relations (ecfr.eu)

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USA/Eastern Mediterranean – The US in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (RUSI)

USS George H W Bush transits the Mediterranean Sea while performing flight operations

Samuel Ramani

The US in the Eastern Mediterranean Region | RUSI

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Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean – Turkey could expand drilling in eastern Mediterranean amid territorial dispute (Al Arabiya)

Turkey may drill more boreholes in its search for gas in the eastern Mediterranean, Energy Minister Fatih Donmez said on Monday, an area where its search and drilling operations led to a standoff with Greece and Cyprus last year.

https://english.alarabiya.net/News/middle-east/2021/05/24/Turkey-could-expand-drilling-in-eastern-Mediterranean-amid-territorial-dispute

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Gulf/Eastern Mediterranean – The Gulf and the Eastern Mediterranean: Is a Gulf-Hellenic Alignment in the Making? (INSS)

Yoel GuzanskyGallia Lindenstrauss

Political and security relations between Greece and Cyprus on the one hand and the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia on the other have taken a major step forward over the past year. Political meetings, security agreements, and joint military exercises hint at the possible emergence of a new regional alignment. Underlying this convergence is an effort to thwart Ankara’s regional ambitions by linking the Gulf to the Eastern Mediterranean, although this step is liable to exacerbate the existing tension in these theaters. It is possible that Israel’s partners in the Gulf would like to see more active involvement from Israel in countering Ankara. Although Israel has an interest in restraining Turkey’s activity in the region, the informal character of the Hellenic-Gulf alignment makes it easy for Jerusalem to keep a low profile and avoid increasing tension with Ankara.

https://www.inss.org.il/publication/greece-cyprus-gulf/

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(Turkey/Europe/Eastern Mediterranean) Turkey, Europe, and the Eastern Mediterranean: Charting a way out of the current deadlock (Galip Dalay, Brookings)

Turkey, Europe, and the Eastern Mediterranean: Charting a way out of the current deadlock

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