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The Polish Recovery Plan: a careful step toward energy transition (Bartosz Bieliszczuk, Elcano Royal Institute)

The Polish National Recovery and Resilience Plan (NRRP) amounts to €35.97 billion, of which more than €21.8 billion (60% of the funding) is allocated to ‘Green energy and reducing energy consumption’ (€14.31 billion) and ‘Green, smart mobility’ (€7.51 billion). The plan is more conservative on climate action than these figures suggest but will advance the […]

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Where is China heading to? (Raquel Jorge-Ricart, Elcano Royal Institute)

In recent months, Chinese companies are witnessing a surge in the amount of regulations they must be subject to. Fines are also growing, albeit to a lesser extent. The so-called crackdown, which is carried out by the Chinese government, is nothing new, but it is indeed more intense. This is especially the case for the […]

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G20. G20 test of trust: coming together to narrow the pandemic divide (Beatriz Pérez de la Fuente, Elcano Royal Institute)

Political failure to tackle the pandemic divide will aggravate the dangerously divergent paths between the advanced economies and China, and many emerging markets and developing economies. G20 test of trust: coming together to narrow the pandemic divide – Elcano (realinstitutoelcano.org)  

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Spain – The climate and energy transition component of the Spanish National Recovery and Resilience Plan (Enrique Feás, Federico Steinberg, Elcano Royal Institute)

The authors analyse the aspects of Spain’s National Recovery Plan related to sustainability and ‘green’ investments. The climate and energy transition component of the Spanish National Recovery and Resilience Plan – Elcano (realinstitutoelcano.org)

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UK – The UK’s Integrated Review and the future of cyber (Danny Steed, Elcano Royal Institute)

Theme Cyber is a centrally crucial element to the UK’s future vision of national security. The Integrated Review considers cyber as a core component of national power, rather than a mere security issue in and of itself. The UK’s Integrated Review and the future of cyber – Elcano (realinstitutoelcano.org

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Spain – Challenges and opportunities for Spain in times of COVID-19 (Elcano Royal Institute)

William Chislett Spain is one of the worst affected eurozone countries by COVID-19. The country went into the pandemic with weak macroeconomic fundamentals including an unemployment rate of 14% (now higher). The tsunami of funds from Next Generation EU is a golden opportunity to make the economy more sustainable and more inclusive. The government must accompany this with long overdue […]

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(Spain/Brexit) The consequences of Brexit for Spain (William Chislett, Elcano Royal Institute)

Theme Spain has good reason to be relieved that the UK and EU struck a post-Brexit free-trade deal, given the importance of its economic relation with Britain. Summary The Spain-UK relation is significant in terms of trade, direct investment, tourism, the Erasmus programme, fisheries and Britons living in Spain, by far the largest number of […]