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China/India – The rise of China and India’s remote humanitarian aid (East Asia Forum)

Lina Gong writes: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused many disruptions to humanitarian action since 2020. As traditional donors struggled with domestic COVID-19 responses, emerging donors such as China and India seized the opportunity to increase their humanitarian footprint. Both countries provided humanitarian aid to over 150 countries and international organisations in 2020, with online technical support as one important avenue of their aid activities. Their move to online aid delivery conforms with a general trend in the humanitarian sector towards the greater use of remote humanitarian programming.

go to East Asia Forum: The rise of China and India’s remote humanitarian aid (eastasiaforum.org)

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India/Cyber – India: A very colonial hangover (The Interpreter)

EDMOND ROY writes: In the 1830’s Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay set about drafting a piece of legislation that would outlive not just him but also the empire that gave him the license to do so. Indeed, it’s a cruel irony that Macaulay’s world view, long discredited in the former colony, has found an almost sacrosanct following within successive independent Indian governments.

go to The Interpreter: India: A very colonial hangover | The Interpreter (lowyinstitute.org)

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India/Integrated Military Commands – A Process-led Approach towards Integrated Military Commands (Delhi Policy Group)

Lt. Gen. Anil Ahuja (Retd.), PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SM, VSM & Bar , Brig. Arun Sahgal (Retd.), Ph.D. write: The discussion on the creation of theatre commands to meet India’s national security needs is generating a heated debate, some of which is ill-informed and brings no credit to the immense professionalism inherent in each service, nor to the larger strategic community. Ironically, displays of fractured thinking and lack of mutual understanding between the services is playing out in a country that established a Joint Services Academy (Wing) within two years of independence (01 Jan 1949) and the National Defence Academy (NDA) in December 1954, the first tri-service military cadets’ academy in the world. Even in terms of in-service training, India has well-honed joint training institutions, where officers of the three services train together as they pursue their careers – as Majors (and equivalent) at the Defence Services Staff College (DSSC); as Colonels (and equivalent) at the War Colleges; and as Brigadiers (and equivalent) at the National Defence College.

go to Delhi Policy Group: A Process-led Approach towards Integrated Military Commands (delhipolicygroup.org)

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India/Maritime Security Coordination/Defense – Understanding India’s Maritime Security Coordination Needs (Delhi Policy Group)

Commodore Lalit Kapur (Retd.) writes for Delhi Policy Group: Media reports on July 13, 2021 spoke of the Government of India appointing a National Maritime Security Coordinator, with the post being tenable by a retired or serving Vice Admiral.  This generated considerable debate, particularly in social media, tinged with the belief that keeping this post outside the ambit of theatre commands being considered simultaneously would weaken them.  The belief was based on an inadequate understanding of the need or what the job actually entails. 

go to Delhi Policy Group: Understanding India’s Maritime Security Coordination Needs (delhipolicygroup.org)

 

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China/India/Defense – China’s Type 003 Aircraft Carrier and India’s Options (Delhi Policy Group)

Delhi Policy Group writes. Even as a motivated debate about the utility of aircraft carriers continues in India, reports based on satellite imagery showed that China was moving full speed ahead with construction of its third ship of the type.  Having commissioned Liaoning (Type 001) in September 2012 and followed with Shandong (Type 002) in December 2019, China is now building the much larger Type 003, an entirely new design.  Reports also indicate that construction of a second ship of this class expected to start later this year, to be followed by the nuclear propelled Type 004

go to Delhi Policy Group: China’s Type 003 Aircraft Carrier and India’s Options (delhipolicygroup.org)

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India/Cyber Deterrence Strategy – Towards a Cyber Deterrence Strategy for India (Delhi Policy Group)

Lt. Gen. Deependra Singh Hooda (Retd.),PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, VSM & Bar writes: In 2013, Thomas Rid wrote a book titled Cyber War Will Not Take Place. He argued that an offensive act has to meet certain criteria in order to qualify as an act of war: it has to be instrumental; it has to be political; and, most crucially, it has to be violent, or at least potentially violent.” He stated that there is no cyber offense that meets all three criteria.”

go to Delhi Policy Group: Towards a Cyber Deterrence Strategy for India (delhipolicygroup.org)

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USA/India – Secretary Blinken’s Meeting with Indian Prime Minister Modi (US Department of State)

The below is attributable to Spokesperson Ned Price:

Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken met with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi today, where they discussed efforts to deepen the U.S.-India Comprehensive Global Strategic Partnership. Secretary Blinken and Prime Minister Modi discussed regional challenges and a growing range of cooperation on COVID-19 response efforts, climate change, shared values and democratic principles, and regional security, including through U.S.-Australia-India-Japan Quad consultations.

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India – Parched villages in India coal-mining hubs hunt for scarce water (Al Jazeera)

Al Jazeera writes: As a child, Fagu Besra swam in gurgling streams and drank “sweet and cold water” from the wells in his village of Pundi in eastern India. Today, none is left. As in so many parts of coal-rich Ramgarh district in Jharkhand state, mining of the polluting fossil fuel has sucked much of the water from once-plentiful sources.

go to Al Jazeera: Parched villages in India coal-mining hubs hunt for scarce water | Climate Change News | Al Jazeera

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India – India’s ‘arbitrary and irrational’ vaccine policy spells trouble (East Asia Forum)

R Ramakumar writes: In May 2021, the Supreme Court of India remarked that the country’s policy of charging those aged between 18–45 for COVID-19 vaccines was ‘prima facie arbitrary and irrational’. The government has since revised its vaccine policy by covering a larger share of the population with free vaccines. Yet, India’s vaccine policy continues to be based more on politics than on reason or science.

go to East Asia Forum: India’s ‘arbitrary and irrational’ vaccine policy spells trouble (eastasiaforum.org)

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