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Indonesia’s AI Promise in Perspective (CSET)

Kayla Goode, Heeu Millie Kim

The United States and China are keeping an eye on Indonesia’s artificial intelligence potential given the country’s innovation-driven national strategy and flourishing AI industry. China views Indonesia as an anchor for its economic, digital, and political inroads in Southeast Asia and has invested aggressively in new partnerships. The United States, with robust political and economic relations rooted in shared democratic ideals, has an opportunity to leverage its comparative advantages and tap into Indonesia’s AI potential through high-level agreements.

Indonesia’s AI Promise in Perspective – Center for Security and Emerging Technology (georgetown.edu)

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Indonesia – More productive jobs to embrace a more prosperous Indonesia (World Bank blogs)

Photo: Achmad/World Bank

Photo: Achmad/World Bank

SATU KAHKONEN

Indonesia has made great strides in becoming a middle-class country and is working to become a thriving high-income country by 2045. Recognizing the importance of job creation throughout this journey, the country has remained committed to creating conditions for robust job creation. Even as progress globally has been derailed by the COVID-19 pandemic, Indonesia has kept its focus on human capital development and economic transformation – two areas fundamental for job creation.

More productive jobs to embrace a more prosperous Indonesia (worldbank.org)

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Indonesia – Indonesia must act on illegal gold mining or fall for fool’s gold (East Asia Forum)

Muhammad Beni Saputra writes: Indonesia’s illegal gold mining problems reveal deeper issues with local level corruption and economic inequality. In Sumatra, gold miners have complained about inconsistencies in the police’s tough security measures to eradicate mining. While there was a harsh crackdown on individual miners — with some ending up in jail — most oligarchs behind the lucrative business remain untouched.

go to East Asia Forum: Indonesia must act on illegal gold mining or fall for fool’s gold | East Asia Forum

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Indonesia/Climate Security – ASPI explains: Climate security in Indonesia (The Strategist)

The Strategist writes: In this ASPI explainer, Robert Glasser, head of ASPI’s Climate and Security Policy Centre, and Anastasia Kapetas, The Strategist’s national security editor, outline the risks of sea-rise level in the Indonesian archipelago and the consequences for Indonesia, and Australia, of climate inaction now and into the future. They detail the impacts of rising water temperatures on fisheries and the cascading effects from climate change we can expect to see in our region.

go to The Strategist: ASPI explains: Climate security in Indonesia | The Strategist (aspistrategist.org.au)

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(Indonesia) Making Indonesia’s carbon neutrality a reality (East Asia Forum)

Abidah Setyowati, Delft University of Technology, writes for East Asia Forum: In May 2021, Indonesia’s biggest utility company, Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN), pledged to phase out fossil fuels by 2060 in order to achieve carbon neutrality. The announcement marks a dramatic shift in the country’s electricity policy that has long been dependent on fossil fuels, especially coal. It is a sign that decisions by major lenders — including Japan, South Korea and the Asian Development Bank — to divest from coal have severely restricted the country’s options for financing coal plant infrastructure.

go to East Asia Forum website: Making Indonesia’s carbon neutrality a reality | East Asia Forum

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(Indonesia) Since mid-May, Indonesia has faced a massive surge in Covid-19 infections with the number of reported positive daily cases increasing fivefold

EDUARD LAZARUS and TEGUH MAULANA write for The Interpreter: Since mid-May, Indonesia has faced a massive surge in Covid-19 infections with the number of reported positive daily cases increasing fivefold. As of the most recent update from the World Health Organisation, Indonesia has recorded more than 2.5 million positive cases since the pandemic began and almost 70,000 deaths – while the actual number is thought to be far greater due to low levels of testing and inadequate contact tracing. Hospitals in Java are reportedly stretched to the limit, with doctors treating patients in makeshift tents set up in the streets. Oxygen supplies are running short across the country.

go to The Interpreter website: Indonesia cannot afford to put its economy before people | The Interpreter (lowyinstitute.org)

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(Indonesia) On 18 May 2021, Indonesia opposed a new UN General Assembly resolution to formally embrace the Responsibility to Protect (R2P)

I Gede Wahyu Wicaksana writes for East Asia Forum: On 18 May 2021, Indonesia opposed a new UN General Assembly resolution to formally embrace the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). The resolution would require annual reporting and debate on its implementation. Officials from Indonesia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs argued that there is no urgency to reform R2P norms as the prevailing ones are sufficient. An Indonesian Foreign Ministry spokesperson further clarified that Indonesia is not resisting R2P but would prefer to see its application improved rather than changed.

go to East Asia Forum website: What’s behind Indonesia’s opposition to R2P? (eastasiaforum.org)

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(Indonesia) Jakarta: the human costs of urban vulnerability

Emma Colven writes for East Asia Forum: Flooding earlier this year in Jakarta, Southeast Asia’s largest city, provided a tragic reminder of the human costs of urban vulnerability. After embankments on the Citarum river broke, floodwaters reached up to 1.6 metres in some locations. Over 1700 people were evacuated by raft or waded to safety through dirty floodwaters, some carrying their small children. Five people lost their lives.

read analysis: Better flood management can save Jakarta (eastasiaforum.org)

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Indonesia – Is Garuda Indonesia on the brink of bankruptcy? (James Guild, East Asia Forum)

COVID-19 has battered Indonesian flag carrier Garuda’s revenue and sent earnings plunging, causing trading of the airline’s shares to be halted recently after a bond default. CEO Irfan Setiaputra claimed the airline’s total debt was Rp 70 trillion (US$4.9 billion). This led to a meeting with the Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises, which put forward a number of potential resolutions including injections of state capital, privatisation or bankruptcy proceedings while the company restructures some of its debt.

Is Garuda Indonesia on the brink of bankruptcy? | East Asia Forum

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