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Analysis

Israel – INSS Presents H. E. President Isaac Herzog with “Strategic Challenges Facing Israel, and Policy Recommendations” (INSS)

INSS writes: At the start of H. E. President Isaac Herzog’s term of office, and following the many global and local developments and changes over the past six months – including a new administration in Washington, President Biden’s decision to try to return to the nuclear deal with Iran, the formation of a new government in Israel, and growing tensions in Israeli society, including clashes between Arabs and Jews in Israeli cities – the Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) presented to President Herzog highlights on the main strategic challenges facing Israel and policy recommendations for addressing those challenges.

go to INSS: INSS Presents H. E. President Isaac Herzog with “Strategic Challenges Facing Israel, and Policy Recommendations” | INSS

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Analysis

Israel/Germany/Defense – Elta and Hensoldt team up for German ballistic missile defense radar (Defense News)

writes: Germany’s Hensoldt has won a contract to supply new radars to the country’s military, according to a July 26 statement from the sensor specialist, with Israel Aerospace Industries also contributing toward the ultimate goal of modernizing Germany’s ballistic missile defense capabilities.

go to Defense News: Elta and Hensoldt team up for German ballistic missile defense radar (defensenews.com)

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Uncategorized

Israel/GCC Countries/Middle East – The emergence of GCC-Israel relations in a changing Middle East (Brookings)

Omar H. Rahman writes: The development of open, friendly relations between Israel and some Gulf Arab states has emerged as a significant new dynamic of the 21st century Middle East.

go to Brookings: The emergence of GCC-Israel relations in a changing Middle East (brookings.edu)

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Analysis

Morocco – Israel, Africa, and Libya: Morocco’s foreign policy trump cards (Brookings)

Yasmina Abouzzohour writes: Moroccan foreign policy has garnered significant attention in recent months amidst heightened tensions with the European Union, talks of further rapprochement with Israel, and stronger stances vis-à-vis its involvement in the Libyan peace process and its claim over the disputed territory of Western Sahara. Some argue that U.S. recognition of Morocco’s sovereignty over the latter has emboldened its decisionmakers, while others describe Rabat’s recent redirections as “aggressive.” What, in fact, is happening with the kingdom’s foreign policy?

go to Brookings: Israel, Africa, and Libya: Morocco’s foreign policy trump cards (brookings.edu)

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Analysis

Iran/Israel – Iranian Dissidents to Visit Israel (BESA Center)

Erfan Fard writes: At the end of July 2021, a delegation of eight Iranian opposition members will visit Israel to take part in cultural and political meetings planned by the Institute for Voices of Liberty (IVOL). These meetings could lay the basis for a future relationship between Israel and Iran after the collapse of the ayatollahs’ dictatorship.

go to BESA Center: Iranian Dissidents to Visit Israel (besacenter.org)

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Analysis

Lebanon/Israel – Lebanon’s Collapse, and the Significance for Israel (INSS)

Orna Mizrahi, Yoram Schweitzer write for INSS: The ongoing deterioration of Lebanon’s economy and the country’s political chaos have sharpened the dilemma of Israel’s new government as it formulates its policy on Lebanon. It appears that in any case, Israel should adopt a more proactive approach, rather than treating the negative consequences of events in Lebanon as preordained, especially in the extreme scenario of a total takeover by Hezbollah, which would turn the country into an Iranian sphere of influence, similar to Syria. Rescinding the sanctions against Iran following a possible return to the nuclear agreement by the United States may accelerate this scenario. At the same time, recent developments in Lebanon provide a potential opportunity for the IDF to deal a more substantial blow to Hezbollah’s military capabilities, and quash the attempts to forge a new “deterrence equation” that includes shooting from Lebanon in response to clashes on the Temple Mount and elsewhere in Jerusalem.
go to INSS: Lebanon’s Collapse, and the Significance for Israel | INSS
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Analysis

Israel – To Pray or Not to Pray on the Temple Mount? (JCPA)

Nadav Shragai writes: Religious practices on the Temple Mount have relied upon the long-standing status quo established by Defense Minister Moshe Dayan in 1967, as well as the “Kerry Understandings” with Israel, reached with the Israeli government and Jordan in 2015. The status quo forbids prayer by Jews on the Mount.

go to JCPA: To Pray or Not to Pray on the Temple Mount? (jcpa.org)

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Analysis

The Gaza ceasefire is shaky and another war may be coming soon (Al Jazeera)

Adnan Abu Amer writes: As soon as the 11-day Israeli war on Gaza ended in May, preparation began in Israel and in the strip for a new confrontation. It was clear from the start that the ceasefire brokered by Egypt was fragile and may not last long. The temporary truce was concluded under pressure from the United States but it did not settle the most triggering issues between the two parties. As a result, conflict between Israel and Hamas could be easily reignited in the near future.

go to Al Jazeera: The Gaza ceasefire is shaky and another war may be coming soon | Gaza | Al Jazeera

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Analysis

The EU and Israel: At Least on Speaking Terms (INSS)

Shimon Stein and Oded Eran write: The European Union and the Israeli government are divided over the resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and in the last decade disagreements have intensified to the point of a political rift between the senior echelons of EU institutions and Israel. This disconnect is reflected in the fact that the Association Council – the most senior forum for dialogue between EU members and institutions and countries that are not members but are considered important partners for the EU – has not met in the past decade, although it is supposed to convene every year. However, in their monthly meeting on July 12, 2021, the EU foreign ministers hosted Alternate Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Yair Lapid, thus signaling a willingness to examine a return to dialogue with Israel. Yet realizing these intentions depends to a large extent, though not exclusively, on a fundamental change in Israel’s approach to the day-to-day problems of the Palestinian population in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, and especially its avoidance of measures that would thwart future implementation of a two-state solution.
go to INSS: The EU and Israel: At Least on Speaking Terms | INSS
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