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Defense Latin America

IISS analysts: Fiscal constraints drive the state of South America’s defense (Amanda Lapo, Juan Pablo Bickel, Defense News)

In 2021, South American militaries remained focused on domestic security threats, with power projection ambitions often limited by significant equipment-availability challenges and funding shortfalls. As highlighted by the International Institute for Strategic Studies’ “Armed Conflict Survey 2021,” organized crime continues to greatly fuel violence and instability in the region, conditioning defense spending on domestic security.

Brazil is the only country in the area with substantial ongoing procurement and modernization efforts, and that is expanding international defense industrial cooperation despite its own budgetary constraints.

IISS analysts: Fiscal constraints drive the state of South America’s defense (defensenews.com)

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Informal Workers Latin America

Informal Workers Need More than Legal Recognition (Mariana Prandini Assis, Project-Syndicate)

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Latin American governments took the unprecedented step of including informal workers in emergency relief legislation. Informal workers comprise a significant share of Latin American countries’ economically active population, ranging from 23.9% in Uruguay to 82.6% in Honduras, and they have been among those hardest hit by the pandemic. Their inclusion in the pandemic response thus seemed like a harbinger of progress. But, on closer inspection, the move highlighted the unintended consequences of failing to consult with those most affected by legislation before it is enacted.

Informal Workers Need More than Legal Recognition by Mariana Prandini Assis – Project Syndicate (project-syndicate.org)

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ICC Latin America

Closure for Colombia, New Scrutiny for Venezuela: ICC Investigations in Latin America (Naomi Roht-Arriaza, Just Security)

The new chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) recently made his first official trip to Colombia and Venezuela. During the visit to Bogotá, he announced he was moving to reduce the number of cases in the preliminary stage by closing the long-running preliminary examination in Colombia. A few days later, in Caracas, he announced the opening of a formal investigation into crimes against humanity in Venezuela. Both decisions were controversial, featured innovative efforts to advance complementarity through agreements with the respective governments, and created a new panorama in the region going forward.

Closure for Colombia, New Scrutiny for Venezuela: ICC Investigations in Latin America (justsecurity.org)

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Latin America

Latin America’s Monster Movie (Andrés Velasco, Project-Syndicate)

Latin Americans have many talents. One is a remarkable ability to misgovern ourselves, as the pandemic has made clear. Six of the 20 countries with the most COVID-19 deaths per capita in the world are in Latin America. Peru tops the list. Brazil is eighth.

Latin America’s Monster Movie by Andrés Velasco – Project Syndicate (project-syndicate.org)

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China CPTPP Latin America

The Latin American element in China’s CPTPP bid (Juan J Palacios, East Asia Forum)

China’s bid for membership in the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) is a multifaceted move. An overlooked aspect of it is the fact that the CPTPP is the first major free trade agreement established on a trans-Pacific scale and that three of its four members on the eastern side of the Pacific happen to be Latin American countries.

The Latin American element in China’s CPTPP bid (eastasiaforum.org)

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Latin America. What Is Being Done About Water Stress in Latin America? (The Dialogue)

Shortages of water have worsened this year in locations including Mexico. // File Photo: Mexican Government.

Shortages of water have worsened this year in locations including Mexico. // File Photo: Mexican Government.

Devry Boughner Vorwerk, Rebecca Keller, Thomas Rideg, Patricia Urteaga Crovetto

Some 70 percent of Mexico was affected by the country’s long-term drought as of July, up from about 50 percent in December, according to Mexico’s federal water commission, or CONAGUA. Water shortages in Mexico have also worsened amid extreme heat that is blamed on climate change. Meanwhile, Brazil is suffering from its worst drought in nearly a century and recently saw unusually damaging freezing temperatures, leading to soaring prices from crops including coffee and sugar. What are governments and the private sector doing in order to mitigate the effects of droughts in Latin America? What more should they be doing–both in the short-term and the long-term? How well have multinational efforts, such as the Inter-American Development Bank’s Water Funds Partnership, functioned in order to strengthen water security in the hemisphere?

What Is Being Done About Water Stress in Latin America? – The Dialogue

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Latin America. What Initiatives Will Help Lower Youth Unemployment? (The Dialogue)

Alicia Bárcena, Mariana Costa, Richard Delgado, Diogo Brunacci

Argentina’s government on Aug. 9 launched the second phase of its “Argentina Programs” plan, which aims to provide training in computer programming to 60,000 youths by the end of this year. The program follows another initiative that the government launched in July to add 50,000 people between the ages of 18 and 24 to the work force. In Argentina and elsewhere in Latin America, how much has youth employment suffered during the pandemic? What are the most important components of government and private-sector programs to lower unemployment levels among young people? How much growth will technology-industry jobs see in the coming years in Latin America, and what should governments be doing to provide young people with the skills to fill them?

What Initiatives Will Help Lower Youth Unemployment? – The Dialogue

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Uncategorized

Latin America – Reimagining Regional Governance in Latin America (The Dialogue)

(by Dylan Gervasio)

The Dialogue writes: On July 20, 2021, the Inter-American Dialogue partnered with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace to examine the arguments of the recent Carnegie working paper Reimagining Regional Governance in Latin America. The panelists discussed the existing challenges for fostering regional cooperation within Latin America as well as how regional cooperation can be reimagined to meet those challenges.  

go to The Dialogue: Reimagining Regional Governance in Latin America – The Dialogue

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Latin America/USA – Has Latin America Become a Foreign Policy Priority for the U.S.? (The Dialogue)

by Donna Shalala, Jim Kolbe, Peter Hakim, Rebecca Bill Chavez

The Dialogue writes: Legislators in the United States have been raising attention around political turmoil in Latin America, helping widen some of the U.S. Congress’ foreign policy focus to include more issues affecting the region, Axios reported this month. For example, Reps. Albio Sires (D-N.J.) and Joaquin Castro (D-Tex.) recently called on the Biden administration to monitor political violence during protests in Colombia, while U.S. Representative María Elvira Salazar (R-Fla.) introduced a bill to review Nicaragua’s free trade status amid a government crackdown against opponents. To what extent has there been a significant broadening of interests involving Latin America by the U.S. Congress, and what is driving this momentum? What role are U.S. legislators playing in positioning Latin America as a foreign policy priority, and which issues have taken center-stage? Is congressional pressure influencing the Biden administration’s strategy toward the region?

go to The Dialogue: Has Latin America Become a Foreign Policy Priority for the U.S.? – The Dialogue

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