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Preparing for Retirement Reforms (Karen E. Smith, C. Eugene Steuerle, Damir Cosic, Urban Institute)

This study uses the Urban Institute’s Dynamic Simulation of Income Model to project the share of Social Security beneficiaries whose retirement incomes fall below 75 percent of preretirement income, a common benchmark for a secure retirement. Absent significant Social Security reforms, we project the share of beneficiaries with inadequate retirement income will rise from 26 […]

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Mutual Accountability Is the Key to Equity-Oriented Systems Change (Lydia Lo, Laudan Y. Aron, Kathryn L.S. Pettit, Corianne Payton Scally, Urban Institute)

In the face of increased national attention to long-existent and worsening racialized gaps in health, wealth, and well-being, some philanthropic organizations are reexamining what and how they fund to create initiatives that advance equity through durable shifts in policy and practice. Funders and their grantees need to collaborate within a framework of mutual accountability that […]

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The Impact of the Expanded Child Tax Credit in Oklahoma (Elaine Maag, Fay Walker, Urban Institute)

In 2021, the American Rescue Plan Act temporarily expanded the federal child tax credit (CTC) for one year, including some families formerly ineligible for the credit. This could lift 59,000 children in Oklahoma out of poverty annually, cutting the state’s 13 percent child poverty rate roughly in half (Acs and Werner 2021). The IRS sent […]

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Nonprofit Trends and Impacts 2021 (Lewis Faulk, Mirae Kim, Teresa Derrick-Mills, Elizabeth T. Boris, Laura Tomasko, Nora Hakizimana, Tianyu Chen, Minjung Kim, Layla Nath, Urban Institute)

Nonprofit organizations in the United States play a vital role delivering services, strengthening communities, and facilitating civic engagement. In our nationally representative survey of nonprofit organizations fielded January through April of 2021, we focus on operating 501(c)(3) public charities whose activities range from direct service provision to community building and advocacy. We provide new evidence […]

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USA – Preventing and Addressing Sexual Violence in Correctional Facilities (Urban Institute)

Colette Marcellin Evelyn F. McCoy Sexual violence in correctional facilities is a long-standing problem. In 2003, Congress passed the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) with unanimous, bipartisan support. PREA established a mandate for data collection and research about the incidence and effects of sexual violence in federal, state, and local correctional facilities, provided funding to […]

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USA – Changing the “Family Glitch” Would Make Health Coverage More Affordable for Many Families (Urban Institute)

Matthew Buettgens Jessica Banthin Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), families are generally ineligible for Marketplace premium tax credits (PTCs) if a family member is offered worker-only coverage through an employer that is deemed affordable. The cost of covering the entire family, however, is not considered and may be unaffordable. Coverage is considered affordable if […]

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USA – Strengthening DC’s Education Data Infrastructure (Urban Institute)

Matthew Chingos In this letter, members of the DC Education Research Collaborative offer recommendations to improve the District’s education data infrastructure. Suggestions include making data available to local education agencies and schools; collecting additional data on student supports, teacher characteristics, and high school courses; developing common surveys of students, families, and educators; and connecting datasets […]

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USA – Public Sector Apprenticeship: Improving Work for Governments and Residents (Urban Institute)

Diana Elliott, Andrew Campbell, John Marotta Public sector apprenticeships are a powerful and underutilized tool for workforce and economic development. When state and local governments create apprenticeship programs for roles where hiring is a challenge, they benefit from an infusion of talent. At the same time, apprentices receive benefits by earning wages, learning new skills, and building valuable work […]

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USA – Has $3.5 Trillion of Pandemic Relief Enacted in 2020 Altered the Nation’s Long-Term Budgetary Path? (Urban Institute)

Erald Kolasi, C. Eugene Steuerle The first CBO report of the Biden presidency laid out the fiscal status of the federal government at the start of his administration. Despite the multi-trillion-dollar response to the pandemic and related increases in national debt, the long-term direction of the federal budget has changed little. Social Security, Medicare, and interest […]

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USA – Supporting Young Parents in NYC (Urban Institute)

Theresa Anderson Alexander Carther Alan D. Dodkowitz New York City’s Performance Partnership Pilot (P3) program helped participants complete high school equivalency and occupational credentials. The program, however, did not lead to higher levels of employment. The New York City P3 enhanced existing Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) Out-of-School Youth (OSY) services by extending the […]

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USA – What if the American Rescue Plan’s Enhanced Marketplace Subsidies Were Made Permanent? Estimates for 2022 (Urban Institute)

Jessica Banthin Matthew Buettgens Michael Simpson Robin Wang The recently enacted American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) includes several provisions designed to expand access to affordable health insurance coverage in 2021 and 2022, while the economy continues recovering from the COVID-19 pandemic and recession. One provision is the expansion of Affordable Care Act (ACA) marketplace subsidies […]

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USA – Average Decline in Material Hardship during the Pandemic Conceals Unequal Circumstances (Urban Institute)

Michael Karpman Stephen Zuckerman In this brief, we assess how material hardship changed during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, between December 2019 and December 2020. Using data from the Urban Institute’s Well-Being and Basic Needs Survey, our analysis provides the first probability-based national survey estimates of changes in hardship from a prepandemic baseline. […]