The Taliban leaders will try to change the image of the organisation, to convince the international community that it is striving to break with the terrorist past and become a more modern and civilised institution. If the Taliban succeeds in such a plan, then the modernisation of the Security Council resolution 1988 will appear on the agenda, writes Valdai Club Programme Director Ivan Timofeev.
Tehran has not yet worked out a solution and cannot answer the main question for itself: is it worth recognising the Taliban at all? However, what the Islamic Republic of Iran is exactly interested in is establishing a constructive dialogue with the Taliban, writes Valdai Club expert Farhad Ibrahimov.
The Eastern Economic Forum in 2021 showed a lot of how the interaction between the state and business, primarily at the international level, will look amid the new conditions. The world’s governments are now increasingly focused on how to deal with internal problems and how to resolve existing or potential conflicts at the level of their national institutions, writes Valdai Club Programme Director Timofei Bordachev.
We have moved into the zone of a new confrontation, and so far, we cannot even clearly define its boundaries. It seems that the new confrontation is primarily associated with an understanding of the future and the role of people in its creation, writes Valdai Club Chairman Andrey Bystritskiy. The article is published as part of the Valdai Club’s Think Tank project, continuing the collaboration between Valdai and the Korea Institute for International Economic Policy.
We do not know if peace in Afghanistan becomes a reality. However, right now, for the first time in the past 40 years, internal political stabilisation in this country has the most solid foundation, writes Valdai Club Programme Director Timofei Bordachev.
The symbolism of the two-leading nuclear-armed states recognising the dangers of a more complex and perhaps dangerous global nuclear order is significant, and neither party will lose anything by seeking to better understand the potential flashpoints and pathways that could lead to conflict and even the use of nuclear weapons in the years ahead, writes Valdai Club expert Andrew Futter.
The US-China rivalry is becoming a constant feature of world politics. An improvement of relations between the United States and China should not be expected soon, as evidenced by the first actions of the Biden administration. In America, a bipartisan consensus on China has taken shape, and Biden’s attempts to formalise accusations of genocide in Xinjiang and culpability in the spread of the coronavirus pandemic rule out normalisation. The United States is actively rallying its allies and partners, with Japan being the most important of them in Asia, to work together in the areas of security and economy in order to counter China’s challenge to the existing US-led order. Japan’s close alliance with the United States was reaffirmed at the Quad (Japan, US, Australia, India) summit meeting (online), Japan-US Security Consultative Committee (Japan-U.S “2＋2”), Japan-US summit meeting and the G7 summit meeting. As noted by Japanese experts, the United States is making it clear to China that a kind of coalition is being formed around it. Thus, the American president has held a number of summits with leaders of foreign states — but not with President Xi. In Japan, the toughening of American policy towards China is generally welcomed, as Beijing’s strengthening is perceived with concern. However, due to the immediate proximity of the two countries, direct confrontation (especially a military one) is seen as extremely undesirable.
The experience of the JCPOA is very useful and positive for the efforts of the international community to find ways to involve Pyongyang in a dialogue in order to determine a mutually acceptable formula aimed at stopping and freezing the DPRK nuclear programme, writes Alexander Vorontsov, Head of the Korea and Mongolia Department, Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences.
The global wealth and influence of the United States was so great that it could simply afford a 20-year campaign with no practical value. With the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan, the American government has reached the conclusion that this state of affairs has come to an end, writes Valdai Club Programme Director Andrey Sushentsov.