The Global Eye – Friends (2)

  1. Omar Al-Ubaydli is the Director of Research at Derasat, Bahrain. His research interests include political economy, experimental economics, and the economics of the GCC countries. Al-Ubaydli previously served as a member of the Commonwealth of Virginia’s Joint Advisory Board of Economists and a Visiting Professor of Economics at the University of Chicago. He regularly publishes his research in international peer-reviewed academic journals, and his mainstream media articles appear in Arabic and English-language newspapers and blogs such as Al Hayat, The National, Forbes Opinion, and US News. Al-Ubaydli earned his BA in economics from the University of Cambridge, and his MA and PhD in economics from the University of Chicago.
  2. Michael Ash is professor of economics and public policy in the Economics Department and School of Public Policy at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. His areas of interest are labor, health, and environmental economics, examined through quantitative models. Ash’s main interests in environmental policy include disclosure and right-to-know laws, greenhouse-gas policy, and environmental justice. At UMass Amherst, Ash co-directs the Corporate Toxics Information Project of the Political Economy Research Institute, which publishes the Toxic 100, an index that identifies top U.S. toxic polluters among large corporations. In 2013, Ph.D. student Thomas Herndon, colleague Robert Pollin, and Ash critiqued the argument of Harvard University economics professors Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff that high public debt strangles economic growth. Herndon, Ash, and Pollin identified errors in Reinhart-Rogoff, undermined its key arguments, and spurred reassessment of the austerity agenda. Ash also served as staff labor economist for the Council of Economic Advisers (Washington, DC) in 1995-1996 and as Princeton Project 55 Fellow for the Trenton Office of Policy Studies (Trenton, NJ) in 1991-1992. He is the coauthor, with Francisco Louçã, of Shadow Networks: Financial Disorder and the System that Caused Crisis (Oxford University Press, 2018) and has written articles on topics including environmental justice, unionization, and public debt. He received a grant from the National Institutes of Health to support his research on the relationship between hospital labor unions, wages, and patient safety. Ash was a Fulbright Fellow in Budapest, Hungary, and served as a staff labor economist for the Council of Economic Advisors. He has received a UMass Amherst Outstanding Accomplishment in Research Award, a College of Social and Behavioral Sciences Outstanding Teaching Award, and recognition as one of Foreign Policy’s Top 100 Global Thinkers.
  3. Abdul Basit is a research fellow at the International Centre for Political Violence and Terrorism Research (ICPVTR), a constituent of the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. His main areas of expertise is insurgencies, violent extremism and religious radicalization in South Asia. He also heads ICPVTR’s South Asia desk and is the associate editor of the centre’s quarterly open-access journal, the Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses (CTTA).
  4. Pratnashree Basu is an Associate Fellow at Observer Research Foundation, Kolkata, with the Strategic Studies and Maritime Initiative. She is a 2017 US Department of State IVLP Fellow. She is currently working on the role of technology in the maritime industry and maritime law and governance. Prior to this she has contributed to the project on ‘India’s Maritime Connectivity’ and has worked on the project – ‘Proximity to Connectivity: India and its Eastern and Southeastern Neighbours.’ She has also been Associate Editor and Coordinator of the South China Sea MonitorChina Weekly and South Asia Weekly — ORF’s bulletins collating the key issues and developments in these regions. Her recent publications include papers titled, a) Breathing new life into BIMSTEC: Challenges and imperatives, b) BIMSTEC and the fourth industrial revolution: The role of technology in regional development, and c) High tide in the South China Sea: Why the maritime rules-based order is consequential.
  5. Roel Beetsma (1967) is the MN Chair of Pension Economics and Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Business of the University of Amsterdam. His other affiliations include fellowships of CEPR and CESifo. He has held visiting positions at DELTA (Paris), the University of British Columbia (Vancouver), the University of California in Berkeley and the EUI Florence. He has been a consultant for the IMF, the ECB and the European Commission. Further, he is a member of the European Fiscal Board, the Supervisory Board of the pension fund of the Dutch retail sector and the Supervisory Board of a.s.r. Vermogensbeheer. He was a member of a government commission on second-pillar pensions. His research has been widely published in such journals as the American Economic Review, the Journal of Economic Literature and the Economic Journal.
  6. Erik Berglof is the inaugural Director of the Institute of Global Affairs (IGA) and its newly launched Global Policy Labat the School of Public Policyat the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Prior to joining the LSE, Professor Berglof was the Chief Economist and Special Adviser to the President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). He has published widely in top journals on economic and political transition, corporate governance, financial development and EU reform. He was a member of the Secretariat for the G20 Eminent Persons Group on Global Financial Governance, EU Wise Persons Group on European Development Finance Architecture, and the World Economic Forum Global Futures Council on the Financial and Monetary Systems. He is currently a Non-Resident Fellow at the Brookings Institution, Research Fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) and Senior Fellow of the European Council for Foreign Affairs (ECFR).He has also been Director of the Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics (SITE), Professor at the Stockholm School of Economics, Assistant Professor at Universite Libre de Bruxelles and has held visiting positions at Harvard, Stanford and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). In 2013 he wasawarded the Leontief Medal (2013), for contributions to economic reform by the Leontief Centre, St Petersburg and honoured with “Flag flown over the Capitol” at the request of Senator Mark Warner and the US Treasury, in recognition of his contributions during the financial crisis. Together with Khalid Janahi, he recently launched at the LSE the Maryam Forum, a value-based platform for promoting research-based, accountable and inclusive leadership.
  7. Ahmad Saiful Rijal Bin Hassan is an Associate Research Fellow with the International Centre for Political Violence and Terrorism Research (ICPVTR) at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS). His research interests are political Islam, religious rehabilitation and community engagement. He completed his Bachelor of Arts Degree in Islamic Jurisprudence from Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt and obtained his Master of Science in International Relations from RSIS. He also obtained a Career Certificate in Legal Translation in both Arabic and English at the American University in Cairo. He also serves as a religious counsellor of the Religious Rehabilitation Group (RRG), a voluntary group which works towards rehabilitating Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) detainees and self-radicalised individuals in Singapore.
  8. Mordechai Chaziza holds a Ph.D. from Bar-Ilan University and is a senior lecturer at the Department of Politics and Governance and the division of Multidisciplinary Studies in Social Science at Ashkelon Academic College, Israel. His China and the Persian Gulf: The New Silk Road Strategy and Emerging Partnerships was published in 2019, and his second book, China’s Middle East Diplomacy: The Belt and Road Strategic Partnership, will be published at the end of 2020. His research interests focus on China’s foreign policy in the Middle East-North Africa (MENA), and China’s non-intervention policy in intrastate wars. 
  9. Edy Cohen is a historian and media commentator specializing in inter-Arab relations, the Arab-Israeli conflict, Islamist terrorism, and the history of Jewish communities in the Arab world. He Served for 15 years in the  intelligence  community . he earned his doctorate at Bar-Ilan University and currently serves as a researcher at the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies. Dr. Cohen grew up in Lebanon, completing his early years of education in Christian schools. In 1991, like so many other 20th-century Jews struggling to preserve their rich heritage within hostile Arab societies, Dr. Cohen and his family were forced to flee lethal Arab anti-Semitism. Once resettled in Israel, he was able to manifest his love for Israel and commitment to Zionism openly and freely, and today Dr. Cohen is well known for his willingness to both call out anti-Semitism wherever it lurks and challenge any and all signs of retreat from Zionism’s fundamental tenets. As a native speaker and writer of Arabic, Dr. Cohen regularly crosses media divides, communicating directly with Arab audiences and providing them with perspectives on Israel that they would otherwise never receive.
  10. Seth Cropsey is director of Hudson’s Center for American Seapower.  In his current position Cropsey specializes in national and maritime strategy including asymmetric threats as well as U.S. policy in Asia and the Middle East.  He was assistant to the Secretary of Defense from 1981 to 1982. He served as a naval reserve officer from 1985 to 2004 and as deputy Undersecretary of the Navy from 1984 to 1989. There, he was responsible for maritime strategy, defense reorganization, education, and special operations. Mr. Cropsey later served as acting assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and then principal deputy assistant Secretary of Defense in the same directorate from 1989 until 1991.  In 2002, he was confirmed by the Senate as director of the United States Government’s International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB) and served in this position until 2005 where he initiated television service to Iran, increased resources for broadcasting to the Middle East, and consolidated information technology for U.S. government international broadcasting. Prior to his most recent government position Mr. Cropsey was Visiting Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington.  In 1994, he became the first department chairman at the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies located in Germany.  He was responsible for curriculum development and taught in the college whose students are senior officers from Eastern Europe and Central Asia.  Mr. Cropsey taught at the Marshall Center until 1998. He has lectured on philosophy, literature, national security and foreign policy at the Heichal Hatorah school in Teaneck, NJ, the U.S. National Defense University, the U.S. Marine Corps University, Oxford, Yale, Boston College, St. Johns College, Pepperdine, Romania’s naval academy, defense universities of Central Europe, and other academic institutions and research institutes. Prior to his position as Distinguished Professor at the Marshall Center, Mr. Cropsey was director of the Asian Studies Center in Washington. From 1982 to 1984, he was director of policy at the Voice of America where he instituted VOA’s daily editorials and founded Radio Marti’s research service. He began his career writing on foreign policy, defense, and public policy issues for The Public Interest and as a reporter for Fortune magazine. Mr. Cropsey is chairman and founder of the Adobe Foundation, a humanitarian organization that supports abandoned Romanian children as it seeks to encourage the growth of civil society in Central Europe.  He is the author of over 100 published articles for such journals as The Weekly Standard, The Wall Street Journal, The American Interest, and Commentary.  In 2013 Overlook Press of New York published his book Mayday, which examines the development and current state of American seapower.  In 2017, Encounter Press of New York published his book, Seablindness: How Political Neglect is Choking American Seapower. He is the author of a chapter on Venice’s maritime dominance in a volume entitled Conceptualizing Maritime and Naval Strategy by prominent strategic thinkers to be published later this year. In March 2020, Mr. Cropsey accepted the acting Navy Secretary’s invitation to join the Blue-Ribbon Executive Panel of the Future Carrier 2030 Task Force to examine the future of naval aviation. Mr. Cropsey holds a doctorate degree from the University of Cluj in Romania, a master’s degree in political philosophy from Boston College, and a bachelor’s degree in philosophy and mathematics from St. John’s College.  He and his wife, a teacher at a local private school, and their son, a college junior, live in Maryland.
  11. Sebastian Doerr is an economists at the Bank for International Settlements, in the Monetary and Economic Department. His research interests cover financial intermediation and macroeconomics, with a focus on how innovation affects the financial sector and the real economy.  He holds a PhD in economics from the University of Zurich. He received his undergraduate degree from the University of Munich and his master’s degree in economics and finance from the Barcelona Graduate School of Economics. During his PhD, he visited the University of California, Los Angeles, and worked at the International Monetary Fund in Washington DC. Sebastian Doerr was awarded the European Economic Association’s “Young Economist Award”, as well as the “Young Innovators Award” at the Vordenker Forum and has published in leading academic journals.
  12. Gary Dymski is Professor of Applied Economics at the Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa with a BA in urban studies from the University of Pennsylvania in 1975, an MPA from the Maxwell School at Syracuse University in 1977. He worked for the Legal Services Organization of Indiana as an economic analyst and was staff director for the Democratic caucus in the Indiana State Senate. After completing his doctoral studies in economics at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst and spending 1985-86 as a Research Fellow in economic studies at the Brookings Institution, he joined the economics faculty at the University of Southern California in 1986. In 1991 he entered the University of California, Riverside economics faculty; being promoted to professor in 2000. From 2003 to 2009, Gary was the founding Executive Director of the University of California Center, Sacramento, a UC-wide public policy center in California’s state capitol. Gary has been a visiting scholar in universities and research centers in Brazil, Bangladesh, Japan, Korea, Great Britain, Greece, and India. Gary has published articles, books, and chapters on banking, financial fragility, urban development, credit-market discrimination, the Latin American and Asian financial crises, exploitation, housing finance, the subprime lending crisis, financial regulation, the Eurozone crisis, and economic policy. Gary is a co-founder of Leeds ACTS, a research collaborative involving Leeds’ third-sector organizations and universities, and serves as the University of Leeds representative on the Leeds City Council’s Third Sector Assembly. From 2015 to January 2019, he was co-leader of the University of Leeds’ Cities research theme. He is currently a co-investigator in the ESRC Productivity Insights Network project and in the EPSRC Self-Healing robotics project, as well as leading a research hub for the ESRC Rebuilding Macroeconomics network-plus program. He is a member of the UK Commission on a Gender Equal Economy and an advisor to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
  13. James K. Galbraith holds the Lloyd M. Bentsen Jr. Chair in Government/Business Relations at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs and a professorship in Government at The University of Texas at Austin. Originally educated as a Cambridge Keynesian and in the policy crucible of the US Congress in the 1970s and early 1980s, he was responsible for the congressional oversight of monetary policy that emerged in those years. His academic work in recent decades has turned on the development and use of reliable measures of economic inequalities at national and global scale, with an emphasis on reinforcing the empirical foundations of an Institutionalist analysis. He writes as well on key issues of current political economy and teaches on inequalities, the international economy and the modern history of economic thought. Galbraith studied economics as a Marshall Scholar at King’s College, Cambridge, and holds degrees from Harvard University (BA) and Yale University (MA, M.Phil, PhD). He was Executive Director of the Joint Economic Committee of the US Congress in the early 1980s . He chaired the board of Economists for Peace and Security from 1996 to 2016 ( and directs the University of Texas Inequality Project ( He is a managing editor of Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, and a member of the Visiting Faculty of the Moscow School of Economics. From 1993 to 1997, he served as Chief Technical Adviser to China’s State Planning Commission for macroeconomic reform, and in the first half of 2015 he served as an informal counselor to the Greek Minister of Finance. He has worked on or advised presidential campaigns going back to Eugene McCarthy in 1968 and George McGovern in 1972, and extending forward to Bernie Sanders in 2016 and 2020. In 2010, he was elected to the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. In 2012 he served as President of the Association for Evolutionary Economics. In 2014 he was co-winner of the Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economics. In 2020 he received the Veblen-Commons Award of the Association for Evolutionary Economics. He holds honorary degrees from the Université Pierre Mendes-France in Grenoble and from the Plekhanov University of Economics in Moscow, and an Honorary Professorship at the State Economics University of the Urals, Ekaterinburg. Galbraith’s books include: Welcome to the Poisoned Chalice: The Destruction of Greece and the Future of Europe (2016);
    Inequality: What Everyone Needs to Know (2016); The End of Normal: The Great Crisis and the Future of Growth (2014); Inequality and Instability: A Study of the World Economy Just Before the Great Crisis (2012); The Predator State: How Conservatives Abandoned the Free Market and Why Liberals Should Too (2008); Unbearable Cost: Bush, Greenspan, and the Economics of Empire (2006); Inequality and Industrial Change: A Global View (with M. Berner) (2001);
    Created Unequal: The Crisis in American Pay (1998); Macroeconomics (with W. Darity Jr.) (1992); Balancing Acts: Technology, Finance and the American Future (1989).
  14. Teresa Ghilarducci is a labor economist and nationally-recognized expert in retirement security. She holds the Irene and Bernard L. Schwartz Chair in economic policy analysis in the Economics Department at the New School for Social Research and directs the Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis (SCEPA) that focuses on economic policy research and outreach. She is also a Research Associate at the Economic Policy Institute (EPI). Ghilarducci was professor of economics at the University of Notre Dame for 25 years prior to joining The New School. Currently she serves as a trustee for two retiree health care trusts: one for the United Auto Worker (UAW) retirees at GM, Ford, and Chrysler, and the other for Steelworker retirees at Goodyear. She was twice appointed by President Clinton to serve on the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation advisory board. Her most recent book, Rescuing Retirement: A Plan to Guarantee Retirement Security for All Americans, offers solutions to the growing retirement crisis in the U.S.
  15. Francis Ghilès is a trilingual (English, French and Spanish) political scientist who through eighteen years with The Financial Times reporting on international capital markets and North Africa has built up extensive experience and high level contacts throughout the Western Mediterranean, the UK, the USA and Japan. He is now based at CIDOB where he analyses emerging security, political, economic and energy trends in the region and connects them to European, US and North African policy priorities. Lectures US:Columbia, NYC University, Harvard, Tufts,Princeton, University of California, Wharton Business School, CSIS, Stimson Centre, The Pentagon, Brookings, Council of Foreign Relations, Peterson Institute, German Marshall Fund, World Bank; Arab Bankers Association. France: SciencesPo Paris, INSEAD, EuroMed Marseille, EHESS, IFRI, Ministère de la Défense Nationale, Institut de la Méditerranée; Ipemed. UK: RIIA, Royal College of Defence, IISS, Shrivenham, Ditchley Foundation, Bow Group, Magnet Society. Other: NATO Defense College; Canadian Security Intelligence; Japanese Institute of Middle Eastern Economies; Salzburg Global & The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies; Real Instituto El Cano; Aspen Institute; Bertelsmann Foundation, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung; Friedrich Naumann Foundation; Iscae & ECONOMIA, Morocco; Institut de Stratégie Globale Algeria; Bahçesehir University, Istanbul; American University Beirut. Freelance assignments Newspapers – International Herald Tribune, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Le Monde – Les Echos, Libération, El Pais, La Vanguardia, The Financial Times Magazines – Institutional Investor, Euromoney, Nature,Times Literary Supplement, Pouvoirs, – Le Monde Diplomatique, Politique Etrangère, Politica Exterior, Radio – BBC World Service, CBC, RFI, France 24, Radio Nacional de España TV – BBC, al-Djazeera ITV, CNN, ABC, LCI, RTE Other experience – Research Assistant to Pierre Mendès France, MP and the Mayor of – Grenoble (winter Olympics 1968) 1967 – 1968 – Co-founder of the annual Mediterranean Gas Conference 1991- – Comité Scientifique, Institut de la Méditerranée, Marseille 1995- – Founder of The North Africa Business Development Forum, Barcelona 2002- – Senior Fellow IEMed, Barcelona 2004- 2008 – Senior Researcher, CIDOB, Barcelona 2009- – Founder of From the Cost of No Maghreb to the North African Tiger 2006- – Coordinator of the report Maghreb Regional and Global Integration: A Dream to be Fulfilled, The Peterson Institute, Washington DC 2008 – Convener of CIDOB-OCP seminars The Mediterranean in a multi-polar world up to 2030 2010-2011. Francis Ghilès earned advanced degrees from St Antony’s College Oxford and the University of Keele. He graduated from SciencePo Grenoble with distinction.
  16. Dipayan Ghosh, Ph.D. is the co-director of the Digital Platforms & Democracy Project at the Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy and fellow at the Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Business and Government at the Harvard Kennedy School, and lecturer at Harvard Law School. He is the author of Terms of Disservice: How Silicon Valley is Destructive by Design. His research and writing on digital privacy, artificial intelligence, disinformation, and internet economics has been cited and published widely, including in The New York TimesThe Washington PostThe Wall Street JournalHarvard Business Review, CNNMSNBCCNBCNPR and BBC. A computer scientist by training, Ghosh previously worked at Facebook, where he led strategic efforts to address privacy and security issues. Prior, he was a technology and economic policy advisor at the White House during the Obama administration. Named to the Forbes 30 Under 30, he received a Ph.D. in electrical engineering & computer science from Cornell University and an MBA from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and conducted postdoctoral research at the University of California, Berkeley.
  17. Yoel Guzansky, a specialist on Gulf Security, is a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for National Security Studies (INSS), Tel Aviv University. Dr. Guzansky was a visiting Fellow at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution, Israel Institute Postdoctoral Fellow, and a Fulbright Scholar. He served at the National Security Council in the Prime Minister’s Office, coordinating the work on Iran and the Gulf, under four National Security Advisers and three Prime Ministers and is a consultant to other ministries. He is the author of The Arab Gulf States and Reform in the Middle East (Palgrave, 2015); Between Resilience and Revolution: The Stability of the Gulf Monarchies (INSS: Hebrew, 2016), and co-author (with Kobi Michael) of The Arab World on the Road to State Failure (INSS: Hebrew, 2016). His most recent book, Fraternal Enemies: Israel and the Gulf Monarchies, co-authored with Prof. Clive Jones, was published by Oxford University Press in 2020.
  18. Alice Hill is senior fellow for climate change policy at the Council on Foreign Relations, where her work focuses on the risks, consequences, and responses associated with climate change. She previously served as special assistant to President Barack Obama and senior director for resilience policy on the National Security Council staff where she led the development of national policy to build resilience to catastrophic risks, including climate change and biological threats. In 2009, Hill served as Senior Counselor to the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in which she led the formulation of DHS’s first-ever climate adaptation plan and the development of strategic plans regarding catastrophic biological and chemical threats, including pandemics. While at the Department of Homeland Security, Hill founded and led the internationally recognized anti-human trafficking initiative, the Blue Campaign. Earlier in her career, she was a supervising judge on the Los Angeles Superior Court and chief of the white-collar crime unit in the United States Attorney’s Office in Los Angeles, California. Her writing has appeared in numerous publications, including Axios, The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, CNN, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, and Lawfare. Oxford University Press published her coauthored book, Building a Resilient Tomorrow, in 2019. In 2020, Yale University awarded her the Public Voices Fellowship on the Climate Crisis. She currently serves on the boards of the Environmental Defense Fund, the International Military Council on Climate and Security, the Council on Strategic Risks, One Concern, and Munich Re Group’s U.S. based companies.
  19. Gary Clyde Hufbauer, nonresident senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, was the Institute’s Reginald Jones Senior Fellow from 1992 to January 2018. He was previously the Maurice Greenberg Chair and Director of Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations (1996–98), the Marcus Wallenberg Professor of International Finance Diplomacy at Georgetown University (1985–92), senior fellow at the Institute (1981–85), deputy director of the International Law Institute at Georgetown University (1979–81); deputy assistant secretary for international trade and investment policy of the US Treasury (1977–79); and director of the international tax staff at the Treasury (1974–76). Hufbauer has written extensively on international trade, investment, and tax issues. He is coauthor of Bridging the Pacific: Toward Free Trade and Investment between China and the United States (2014), Economic Normalization with Cuba: A Roadmap for US Policymakers (2014), Local Content Requirements: A Global Problem (2013), Outward Foreign Direct Investment and US Exports, Jobs, and R&D: Implications for US Policy (2013) and many others.
  20. Harold James, the Claude and Lore Kelly Professor in European Studies at Princeton University, is Professor of History and International Affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School. His books include a study of the interwar depression in Germany, The German Slump (1986); an analysis of the changing character of national identity in Germany, A German Identity 1770-1990 (1989); International Monetary Cooperation Since Bretton Woods (1996), and The End of Globalization (2001), which is available in 8 languages. He was also coauthor of a history of Deutsche Bank (1995), which won the Financial Times Global Business Book Award in 1996, and he wrote The Deutsche Bank and the Nazi Economic War Against the Jews (2001). His most recent books include Family Capitalism, Harvard University Press, 2006; The Creation and Destruction of Value: The Globalization Cycle, Harvard University Press, 2009; Making the European Monetary Union, Harvard University Press, 2012; The Euro and the Battle of Economic Ideas (with Markus K. Brunnermeier and Jean-Pierre Landau), Princeton University Press, 2016; Making A Modern Central Bank: The Bank of England 1979-2003, Cambridge University Press 2020.He is the official historian of the International Monetary Fund.In 2004 he was awarded the Helmut Schmidt Prize for Economic History, and in 2005 the Ludwig Erhard Prize for writing about economics.
  21. Ravin Jesuthasan is a recognized global thought leader, futurist and author on the future of work and human capital.  He has led multiple research efforts on the global workforce, the emerging digital economy, the rise of artificial intelligence and the transformation of work. Ravin has led numerous research projects for the World Economic Forum including its ground-breaking studies; Shaping the Future Implications of Digital Media for Society, Creating a Shared Vision for Talent in the 4th Industrial Revolution, HR 4.0: Shaping People Strategies in the 4th Industrial Revolution and Human Capital as an Asset: An Accounting Framework for to Reset the Value of Talent in the New World of Work. Heis a regular participant and presenter at the World Economic Forum’s annual meetings in Davos and Dalian/Tianjin and is a member of the forum’s Steering Committee on Work and Employment.Ravin has been a featured speaker on the aforementioned topics at conferences in North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, the Middle East and Latin America. He has also been featured and quoted extensively by leading business media including CNN, BBC, The Wall Street Journal, BusinessWeek, CNBC, Fortune, FT, The Nikkei (Japan),Les Echoes (France), De Telegraaf (Netherlands), ValorEconomico (Brazil), Business Times (Malaysia), Globe and Mail (Canada), South China Morning Post, Dubai One TV and The Australian among others. Ravin is a frequent guest lecturer at universities around the world including Oxford University, Northwestern University and the University of Southern California. Ravin was named to the Thinkers 50 Radar Class of 2020. He has also been recognized as one of the top 25 most influential consultants in the world by Consulting Magazine, one of the top 8 future of work influencers by Tech News and one of the top 100 HR influencers by HR Executive.He is the author of the books Transformative HR, Lead The Work: Navigating a World Beyond Employment and Reinventing Jobs: A 4-Step Approach to Applying Automation to Work. Ravin has authored over 150 articles including 12 for the Harvard Business Reviewand his article in the HR People and Strategy Journal entitled Performance Management as a Business Discipline received the Walker Award for the most original and valuable contribution to the HR profession. He is also a regular contributor to Forbes Magazine. Ravin has led numerous large scale, global restructuring and transformation engagements for companies around the world.His clients include six global high-tech companies, eight international financial services organizations, four large retail organizations, a major U.S. motion picture studio, four international consumer goods companies, six large pharmaceuticals firms, five major energy companies and twelve global airlines among many others. Ravin holds B.B.A. (Finance) and M.B.A. (Finance) degrees and is a Chartered Financial Analyst.Ravin is a Fellow of the RSA (Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce).
  22. Alex Joffe is a senior non-resident fellow at the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies at Bar Ilan University, and a Ginsburg-Milstein at the Middle East Forum. An archaeologist and historian, his interests include ancient and modern Middle Eastern studies, American foreign policy, and American cultural politics. He has published widely on these and other topics including international organizations, intelligence reform, arms control, and environmental security. Joffe’s opinion pieces have appeared in the Wall Street Journal, The National Interest, The American Interest, The New Republic, BESA Perspectives, The Jerusalem Post, Times of Israel, Forbes, Spiked, Tablet, and many others. His recent books include Operation Crusader and the Desert War in British History and Memory. “What is Failure? What is Loyalty? (Bloomsbury, 2020), and Religion, Politics, and the Origins of Palestine Refugee Relief (Palgrave, 2013, with Asaf Romirowsky). He holds a BA in History from Cornell University and an MA and PhD in Near Eastern Studies from the University of Arizona.

  23. Euijin Jung is a research fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics. She joined the Institute as a research analyst in January 2015 and was a 2018–19 Eranda Rothschild Foundation Junior Fellow. Her focus of work includes trade and investment policy, global supply chains and bilateral, plurilateral and multilateral free trade agreements. Her previous experience in trade analysis includes participating in an Asian Development Bank project on food and energy imports in the Pacific Islands. She received her master’s degree in international affairs from the School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IR/PS) at the University of California, San Diego in 2014 and from the Graduate School of International Studies (GSIS) at Yonsei University in 2012. She received her bachelor’s degree in political science from the University of California, Los Angeles in 2003. She is a native speaker of Korean.
  24. Andrei Kolesnikov is a senior fellow and the chair of the Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center. His research focuses on the major trends shaping Russian domestic politics, with particular focus on the fallout from the Ukraine crisis and ideological shifts inside Russian society. Kolesnikov also works with the Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy and is a frequent contributor for Vedomosti,, and He sits on the board of the Yegor Gaidar Foundation and is a member of the Committee of Civil Initiatives (the Alexei Kudrin Committee). Kolesnikov has worked for a number of leading Russian publications. He previously was the managing editor of Novaya Gazeta newspaper and served as deputy editor in chief of Izvestia and The New Times. Kolesnikov has taught courses on journalism and modern media at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow. He has won numerous journalism awards, including the Russian Golden Quill (Zolotoye Pero Rossii) Award, the Adam Smith Prize, and the Federal Press Agency Award. Kolesnikov is author of several books, including a biography of Anatoly Chubais and an analysis of how speechwriters have impacted history.
  25. John Lee is a senior fellow at Hudson Institute. He is also a senior fellow (non-resident) at the United States Studies Centre and adjunct professor at the University of Sydney. From 2016 to 2018, he was senior national security adviser to Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop. In this role, he served as the principal adviser on Asia and for economic, strategic, and political affairs in the Indo-Pacific region. Dr. Lee was also appointed the Foreign Minister’s lead adviser on the 2017 Foreign Policy White Paper, the first comprehensive foreign affairs blueprint for Australia since 2003 and written to guide Australia’s external engagement for the next ten years and beyond. He has held adjunct professorships at the Australian National University. He is one of the foremost experts on the Chinese political economy and on strategic and economic affairs pertaining to the Indo-Pacific. Dr. Lee is the author of numerous books and monographs and his articles have been published in leading policy and academic journals in the United States, Asia, Europe and Australia. He received his master’s and doctorate in international relations from the University of Oxford and his bachelor of laws and arts degrees (first class, philosophy) from the University of New South Wales. He is based in Sydney, Australia.
  26. Gallia Lindenstrauss is a senior research fellow at the Institute for National Security Studies (affiliated with Tel Aviv University) and specializes in Turkish foreign policy. Her additional research interests are ethnic conflicts, Azerbaijan’s foreign policy, the Cyprus issue, and the Kurds. She has written extensively on these topics and her commentaries and op-eds have appeared in all of the Israeli major media outlets, as well as in international outlets such as National InterestHurriyet Daily NewsTurkey Analyst and Insight Turkey. Dr. Lindenstrauss completed her Ph.D. in the Department of International Relations at Hebrew University. She formerly lectured at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and at the Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya,​  was a postdoctoral fellow at the Leonard Davis Institute for International Relations at the Hebrew University, and a visiting fellow at the Bipartisan Policy Center in Washington, D.C.
  27. James M. Lindsay is senior vice president, director of studies, and Maurice R. Greenberg chair at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), where he oversees the work of the more than six dozen fellows in CFR’s David Rockefeller Studies Program. He has written widely on the American foreign policymaking process. His most recent book, co-authored with Ivo H. Daalder, is The Empty Throne: America’s Abdication of Global Leadership. His previous book with Ambassador Daalder, America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy, was awarded the Lionel Gelber Prize. He has been a senior fellow in foreign policy studies at the Brookings Institution, taught at the University of Iowa and the University of Texas, and in 1996–97 served as director for global issues and multilateral affairs on the staff of the National Security Council. Dr. Lindsay writes the blog The Water’s Edge, hosts the weekly podcast, The President’s Inbox, and co-hosts the weekly podcast, The World Next Week
  28. Satoru Nagao is Visiting Fellow at Hudson Institute. His research area is US-Japan-India security cooperation. Dr. Nagao was awarded his PhD by Gakushuin University in 2011 for his thesis titled “India’s Military Strategy”, the first such research thesis on this topic in Japan. Gakushuin University is a premier institute from which members of the Japanese Imperial Family have also graduated. He is also Research Fellow at Institute for Future Engineering (strategy, defense policy), Visiting Research Fellow at Research Institute for Oriental Cultures in Gakushuin University, Research Fellow at the Japan Forum for Strategic Studies, Associate at Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies, Research Fellow at Security and Strategy Research Institute for Japan, Senior Fellow at Institute of National Security Studies Sri Lanka, Senior Research Fellow of Indian Military Review. He was Visiting Scholar at the Center for Strategic & International Studies, in Washington D.C. Furthermore, he was Research Fellow at The Tokyo Foundation and the Ocean Policy Research Foundation in Tokyo, was a post-doctoral fellow at the Research Institute for Oriental Cultures at Gakushuin University, and was teaching at Gakushuin University, Aoyama-Gakuin University and Komazawa University as Lecturer. He was also Security Analyst at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), a First Lieutenant of the Japan Ground Self Defense Forces (Japanese Army). Dr. Nagao has authored numerous books and articles on security issues, and he also writes for a column “Age of Japan-India ‘Alliance’ ” at Nikkei Business, the journal of one of Japan’s leading newspapers.
  29. Vivin R Nair is currently working as a Smart City fellow with the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India. His interests are in the field of regional development, innovation and cluster strategies. As an independent Economist, he investigated the role of government in the evolution and sustenance of IT Clusters in India with evidence from Trivandrum and Bangalore. He was previously associated with the Kerala State Planning Board, where he worked on increasing the revenue potential of the state and thereby catalyzing the revival of the state economy post Kerala floods. He has extensively worked on cluster-based innovation and development strategies at the city level. He is an agenda contributor at the World Economic Forum and is an active community changemaker with the Global Shapers. Vivin is an alumnus of the London School of Economics and Political Science. He holds a Master of Science in Local Economic Development.
  30. Harsh V Pant is Director, Studies and Head of the Strategic Studies Programme at Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi. He holds a joint appointment with the Department of Defence Studies and King’s India Institute as Professor of International Relations at King’s College London. He is also a Non-Resident Fellow with the Wadhwani Chair in US-India Policy Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC. Professor Pant has been a Visiting Professor at the Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore; a Visiting Fellow at the Center for the Advanced Study of India, University of Pennsylvania; a Visiting Scholar at the Center for International Peace and Security Studies, McGill University; and an Emerging Leaders Fellow at the Australia-India Institute, University of Melbourne. Professor Pant’s current research is focused on Asian security issues. His most recent books include New Directions in India’s Foreign Policy: Theory and Praxis (Cambridge University Press), India’s Nuclear Policy (Oxford University Press), The US Pivot and Indian Foreign Policy (Palgrave Macmillan), Handbook of Indian Defence Policy (Routledge), India’s Afghan Muddle (HarperCollins), and The US-India Nuclear Pact: Policy, Process and Great Power Politics (Oxford University Press). Professor Pant writes regularly for various Indian and international media outlets including the Japan Times, the Wall Street Journal, the National (UAE), the Hindustan Times, and the Telegraph
  31. Michael Plummer has been Director of SAIS Europe since 2014. A SAIS Professor of International Economics since 2001 and the Eni Professor of Economics at Johns Hopkins University since 2008, he was Head of the Development Division of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Paris from 2010 to 2012; an associate professor (with tenure) at Brandeis University (1992-2001); and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Asian Economics (Elsevier) 2007-2015 (currently Editor-in-Chief Emeritus).  He was president of the American Committee on Asian Economic Studies (ACAES) from 2008 until 2015. A former Fulbright Chair in Economics and Pew Fellow in International Affairs at Harvard University, he has been an Asian Development Bank (ADB) distinguished lecturer on several occasions and team leader of projects for various organizations including the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the United Nations, the OECD, the ADB, the World Bank,and the World Trade Organization. He has taught at more than a dozen universities in Asia, Europe, and North America. Professor Plummer has advised several governments on the Transpacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations and ASEAN economic cooperation and is member of the editorial boards of several prestigious journals in the Asia-Pacific region. He is author/co-author of ASEAN Economic Cooperation and Integration: Progress, Challenges and Future Direction (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2015); The Transpacific Partnership and Asia-Pacific Integration: A Quantitative Assessment (PIIE, 2012); and Realizing the ASEAN Economic Community (ISEAS, 2009), and is author/co-author of over 100 journal articles and book chapters.  His Ph.D. is in economics from Michigan State University.
  32. Thomas Pogge. Having received his PhD in philosophy from Harvard, Thomas Pogge is Leitner Professor of Philosophy and International Affairs and founding Director of the Global Justice Program at Yale. Pogge is a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science as well as co-founder of Academics Stand Against Poverty (ASAP), an international network aiming to enhance the impact of scholars, teachers and students on global poverty, and of Incentives for Global Health, a team effort toward developing a complement to the pharmaceutical patent regime that would improve access to advanced medicines for the poor worldwide ( More information at
  33. Jenik Radon is Adjunct Professor at the School of Public and International Affairs, Columbia University, where he teaches in the area of sustainable natural resource development with a focus on risk and strategic management, sovereignty and human rights, especially environment, minority rights (including social license) and anticorruption. This year he will be teaching a class on what it takes to globally, and scalably, manufacture an anti-coronavirus vaccine in an injectable form. He is the founder/director of the Eesti and Eurasian Public Service Fellowship, which has provided students from Columbia, Stanford Law School and other institutions the opportunity to intern with governments and civil society in emerging nations across the global, including Bhutan, Cambodia, Ecuador, Estonia, Georgia, Kenya, Mozambique, Nepal, Philippines, Tanzania and Uganda. Radon has been a recipient of SIPA’s “Top Five”; and one of his Capstone classes won the Dr. Susan Aurelia Gitelson Award for Human Values in International Affairs for the report “Oil: Uganda’s Opportunity for Prosperity.” He has also supervised Capstone classes examining the resource curse, and its impact, in Colombia, Mozambique, Namibia, Peru and Tanzania and the potential of small states, specifically Estonia and Namibia, to be global leaders. Radon was awarded a Fulbright to Makerere University Law School in Uganda. He serves as a member of the Board of Advisors/Directors of Stevens Business School, Direct Relief, the Harriman Institute, American University of Bulgaria and Soldiers for Wildlife. Prior to joining Columbia, Radon was a lecturer at Stanford University’s law and business schools, where he taught access to medicine, international human rights, privatization and international investment management. He was a visiting professor at the Indira Gandhi Institute for Development Research in Mumbai, India, where he taught “Dynamics of Corruption,” which explored the sociological, psychological and legal roots of corruption. Radon was the Ashton J. and Virginia Graham O’Donnell Visiting Professor/Educator at Whitman College. Radon has also taught at Tartu University law school in Estonia, Monterrey Tech, Queretaro in Mexico, and at Externado University in Bogota, Colombia. Radon participated in the constitutional peace process of Nepal and served as a drafter of the interim (2006) peace constitution, which, among other things, granted citizenship to millions of stateless people in the Terai region. In that regard, he published several op-eds to educate the public about the constitutional process and citizen’s rights: “The Constituent Assembly, a place of and for all voices,” and the “Constitution – A Living Instrument,” (Kantipur Online). He has served on the UN Global Compact Academic Initiative taskforce which seeks to have business schools incorporate the Compact’s 10 human rights principles into their curriculum. He has published extensively including “Walk Tall!, A Beautiful Tomorrow For Emerging Nations, An Anthology of Inclusive Principles For National Growth and Prosperity: Equity, Rule of Law and Sustainable Natural Resource Development,” which was published in conjunction with the 2018 APEC conference in Papua New Guinea. He has been awarded Estonia’s Order of the Cross Terra Mariana and Georgia’s Order of Honor. For the complete bio, please see:
  34. William Reinsch holds the Scholl Chair in International Business at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and is a senior adviser at Kelley, Drye & Warren LLP. Previously, he served for 15 years as president of the National Foreign Trade Council, where he led efforts in favor of open markets, in support of the Export-Import Bank and Overseas Private Investment Corporation, against unilateral sanctions, and in support of sound international tax policy, among many issues. From 2001 to 2016, he concurrently served as a member of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. He is also an adjunct assistant professor at the University of Maryland School of Public Policy, teaching courses in globalization, trade policy, and politics.
    Reinsch also served as the Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration during the Clinton administration. Prior to that, he spent 20 years on Capitol Hill, most of them as senior legislative assistant to the late Senator John Heinz (R-PA) and subsequently to Senator John D. Rockefeller IV (D-WV). He holds a B.A. and an M.A. in international relations from the Johns Hopkins University and the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced
    International Studies respectively.
  35. Jeffrey D. Sachs is a world-renowned economics professor, bestselling author, innovative educator, and global leader in sustainable development.  He is widely recognized for bold and effective strategies to address complex challenges including debt crises, hyperinflations, the transition from central planning to market economies, the control of AIDS, malaria, and other diseases, the escape from extreme poverty, and the battle against human-induced climate change.  He is Director of the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network, a commissioner of the UN Broadband Commission for Development, and an SDG Advocate for UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres. From 2001-18, Sachs served as Special Advisor to the UN Secretary General, for Kofi Annan(2001-7), Ban Ki-moon (2008-16), and Antonio Guterres (2017-18). Professor Sachs was the co-recipient of the 2015 Blue Planet Prize, the leading global prize for environmental leadership. He was twice named among Time magazine’s 100 most influential world leaders and has received 28 honorary degrees.  The New York Times called Sachs “probably the most important economist in the world,” and Time magazine called Sachs “the world’s best-known economist.” A survey by The Economist ranked Sachs as among the three most influential living economists. Professor Sachs serves as the Director of the Center for Sustainable Development at Columbia University.  He is University Professor at Columbia University, the university’s highest academic rank. Sachs was Director of the Earth Institute from 2002 to 2016. Sachs has authored and edited numerous books, including three New York Times bestsellers,The End of Poverty (2005), Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet (2008), and The Price of Civilization (2011).  Other books include To Move the World: JFK’s Quest for Peace (2013), The Age of Sustainable Development (2015), Building the New American Economy: Smart, Fair & Sustainable (2017), A New Foreign Policy: Beyond American Exceptionalism (2018), and most recently, Ages of Globalization: Geography, Technology, and Institutions (2020). Prior to joining Columbia, Sachs spent over twenty years as a professor at Harvard University, most recently as the Galen L. Stone Professor of International Trade. A native of Detroit, Michigan, Sachs received his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees at Harvard.
  36. Saskia Sassen is the Robert S. Lynd Professor of Sociology at Columbia University and a Member of its Committee on Global Thought, which she chaired from 2009 till 2015. She is a student of cities, immigration, and states in the world economy, with inequality, gendering and digitization three key variables running though her work. Born in the Netherlands, she grew up in Argentina and Italy, studied in France, was raised in five languages, and began her professional life in the United States. She is the author of eight books and the editor or co-editor of three books. Together, her authored books are translated in over twenty languages. She has received many awards and honors, among them thirteen doctor honoris causa, over 25 named lectures, named one of the hundred women in science, the 2013 Principe de Asturias Prize in the Social Sciences, election as a Foreign Member of the Royal Academy of the Sciences of the Netherlands, and made a Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et Lettres by the French government.
  37. Eduardo Strachman – Associate Professor of Economics, São Paulo State University (Unesp, Brazil), since 2003, has a BSc (1986), MSc (1992) and a PhD (2000) in Economics from the Institute of Economics of the State University of Campinas (Unicamp, Brazil). His chief areas of interest are: industrial economics, macroeconomics and monetary economics. He has also published some studies in transnational enterprises, institutional economics and economic methodology. He has published in most of the main economic journals of Brazil, as well as in some foreign economic journal, as in the Cepal Review (UNO), Journal of Post Keynesian Economics (USA), PSL Quarterly Review (Univ. Rome, Italy), Ola Financiera (UNAM, Mexico), and chapters in books edited in Brazil, and also abroad, by Routledge and Oxford U.P.
  38. Sebastian Strauss is Senior Research Analyst and Coordinator for Strategic Engagements in the Global Economy and Development program at the Brookings Institution. His research interests span international macroeconomics, finance, development, global governance, and political economy. A native of Uruguay, Strauss holds a bachelor’s degree summa cum laude in public and international affairs from Princeton University.
  39. Anil Trigunayat has been a career diplomat. He has served in the Indian Missions in Cote d’Ivoire, Bangladesh, Mongolia, USA, Russia, Sweden, Nigeria, Libya, Malta and Jordan. In the Ministry of External Affairs, he worked in the Economic, West Asia and North Africa, Gulf and Consular Divisions. He also served as Director General/Joint Secretary for the Gulf & Haj Divisions in the Ministry of External Affairs, New Delhi. Thereafter, Mr. Trigunayat worked as Deputy Chief of Mission in the rank of Ambassador in the Embassy of India, Moscow. Prior to his superannuation in May 2016, he served as Ambassador of India to Jordan and Libya and High Commissioner to Malta (June 2012 – May 2016). He is a post Graduate in Physics from the Agra/Kumaon University and also studied Russian History, Culture and Language at the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. As a visiting fellow he conducted research work on “WTO and Regional Trading Blocs” at the Oxford University. He is a member of the All India Management Association/Delhi Management Association as well as that of Oxford and Cambridge Society of India and Secretary of the Association of Indian Diplomats (former Ambassadors). He is also the Honorary Member of the International Trade Council, Brussels & Board Member of Peaceful Mind Foundation as well as Confederation of Education Excellence , New Delhi. He also serves on the Board of Advisers of BRICS Chamber of Commerce and Asia Africa Chamber of Commerce. Presently, Ambassador Trigunayat is the President of MIICCIA Chamber of Commerce, Industry& Agriculture ( He is the Distinguished Fellow at Vivekananda International Foundation ( ) India and Adviser @ The Asian Institute of Diplomacy& International Affairs ( Kathmandu as well as Visiting Fellow @ Nepal Institute for International Cooperation & engagement (    Recently he has joined the National Cooperatives Development Corporation as Adviser International( and as Co-President of He is a regular contributor and commentator on foreign and economic policy and education and interfaith Dialogue related issues.  As a Peace Ambassador,Mr. Trigunayat is closely associated with the Interfaith Dialogue,Peace and Harmony efforts in the Society especially through the Unity Dialogue by  and World Congress of Religions, Kazakhstan. Amb Trigunayat  knows French, Russian and Spanish languages.
  40. John Van Reenen is Ronald Coase School Professor at the London School of Economics and the Gordon Billard Professor at the Massachusetts Institute for Technology (jointly in the MIT Economics Department and Sloan Management School).  He has published over a hundred papers on many areas in economics with a particular focus on firm performance and the causes and consequences of innovation. He was the 2009 winner of the Yrjö Jahnsson Award (the European equivalent of the Clark Medal); the Arrow Prize (2011); the European Investment Bank Prize (2014), and the HBR-McKinsey Award (2018). He is a fellow of the British Academy, the Econometric Society, the NBER, CEPR and the Society of Labor Economists. In 2017, he was awarded an OBE for “services to public policy and economics” by the Queen.
  41. Gabriel Vignoli – Assistant Professor of International Affairsat at The New School. Faculty Coordinator of the Cuba International Field Program, a 9-week international research and practice program held every summer in Havana, Cuba. Recipient of the Distinguished University Teaching Award from The New School in 2019 (awarded to 4 out of 2,500 faculty every year). Teaching Portfolio: Political economy;  informal economy; colonialism and postcolonialism; Latin America and the Caribbean; political sciences. He has worked in different capacities for UN, EU, and Italian organizations in Havana, Mumbai, New York City, and Rome. PhD In Anthropology from The New School; PhD in Latin American Studies from the University of Calabria. His current research is on Cuba’s informal economies. More specifically, he analyzes 1) How self-entrepreneurship is transforming Havana’s black market from a site of alternative socio-economic redistribution, into one of progressive differentiation and polarization. 2) How monetary crisis and fiscal ambiguity are mobilized to articulate “actually existing” forms of citizenship in the face of scarcity—in particular how notions of the “State” are being recast when money and taxes (understood as symbolic, political and technical modes of functioning and intelligibility) are brought into question  3) The role of technology in the changing perception and production of public spaces in Cuba.
  42. Sung-Young Kim is Senior Lecturer in the Discipline of Politics & International Relations at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia. He teaches postgraduate and undergraduate courses on International Political Economy, the Comparative Politics of East Asia, and International Relations. His work focuses on greening and the evolution of development strategy in East Asia. His latest articles on this topic include: ‘National Competitive Advantage and Energy Transitions in Korea and Taiwan’, New Political Economy, DOI: 10.1080/13563467.2020.1755245; ‘Hybridized industrial ecosystems and the makings of a new developmental infrastructure in East Asia’s green energy sector’, Review of International Political Economy, 26(1); ‘Korea’s Greening Strategy’ The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, 2016, 14(24) (with J.A. Mathews); ‘Developmental Environmentalism’ Politics & Society, 2015, 43(2) (with E. Thurbon).
    His research has also focused on the evolution of East Asia’s developmental states as they leapfrog from technological imitation to innovation. To this end, he has published ‘Transitioning from Fast-Follower to Innovator’ Review of International Political Economy, 2012, 19(1); ‘The Politics of Technological Upgrading in South Korea’ New Political Economy, 2012, 17(3) and ‘The Rise of East Asia’s Global Companies’ Global Policy, 2013, 4(2).