(USA/Middle East) The Biden Administration on a WMD-Free Zone in the Middle East: Implications for Israel (INSS)

Eyal PropperShimon Stein

The Biden administration will be required to define its position on the establishment of a weapons of mass destruction-free zone in the Middle East before the fifteenth Review Conference (RevCon) of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) scheduled for August 2021. This sensitive issue could once again pit Israel against the United States, in view of the support of previous Democratic administrations for resolutions to advance the issue. As the RevCon approaches, Israel should coordinate its positions with the US in the framework of a strategic dialogue, in order to avoid any crisis, while encouraging the new administration to recognize the official Trump administration document of 2018, which supported Israel’s policy. Based on past experience, as well as new developments in relations between Israel and the Gulf states, Israel could propose a mechanism for a regional security dialogue that will be comprehensive in terms of participants and issues to be discussed.