Since 2014, the armed conflict in Yemen has produced one of the world’s most intractable humanitarian crises. The proxy war between Iranian-backed Houthi rebels and a coalition led by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has devastated the economy, displaced 6 million Yemenis, and left millions on the brink of starvation. More than 23.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, and casualty estimates from direct and indirect causes are an astonishing 377,000 individuals, a result of indiscriminate shelling, widespread use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and a brutal and sustained air campaign. In April 2022, a two-month truce was established between the Houthi rebels and the internationally recognized government (IRG), halting military offensives in observance of the Ramadan holiday. The truce, mediated by a UN special envoy, lays groundwork for future settlement of the conflict. Confidence-building measures included IRG and coalition forces easing restrictions on fuel entering the Houthi-held Red Sea port of Hodeidah and commercial flights landing in the rebel-held capital of Sana’a. The parties also committed to reopening talks over road access to Houthi-controlled areas to ease movement constraints of civilians and humanitarian organizations.
(Yemen) Tregua e attività umanitarie (fonte: Sierra Ballard, Jacob Kurtzer, CSIS)